## Dictionary: SUR-ROUND'ING – SUR-VIVE

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SUR-ROUND'ING, n.

An encompassing.

SUR-ROUND'ING, ppr.

Encompassing; inclosing; lying on all sides of.

SUR-SOL'ID, a.

Denoting the fifth power. Sursolid problem, is that which can not be resolved but by curves of a higher kind than the conic sections. – Rees.

SUR-SOL'ID, n. [sur and solid, or surdesolid.]

In mathematics, the fifth power of a number; or the product of the fourth multiplication of a number considered as the root. Thus 3X3=9, the square of 3, and 9x3=27, the third power or cube, and 27x3=81, the fourth power, and 81x3=243, which is the sursolid of 3.

SUR-TOUT, n. [Fr. sur-tout, over all.]

A man's coat to be worn over his other garments.

SUR'TUR-BRAND, n.1

Fibrous brown coal or bituminous wood; so called in Iceland. – Ure.

SUR'TUR-BRAND, n.2

Lignite; mineralized wood.

SUR'VEIL-LANCE, n. [Fr.]

Watch; inspection.

SUR-VENE, v.t. [Fr. survenir; sur and venir, to come.]

To supervene; to come as an addition; as, a suppuration that survenes lethargies. [Little used.] – Harvey.

SUR'VEY, n. [formerly accented on the last syllable.]

1. An attentive view; a look or looking with care. He took a survey of the whole landscape. Under his proud survey the city lies. – Denham.
2. A particular view; an examination of all the parts or particulars of a thing, with a design to ascertain the condition, quantity or quality; as, a survey of the stores, provisions or munitions of a ship. So also a survey of roads and bridges is made by proper officers; a survey of buildings is intended to ascertain their condition, value and exposure to fire. A survey of land includes mensuration and the ascertainment of quantity. A survey of a harbor, sound or coast comprehends an examination of the distance and bearing of points of land, isles, shoals, depth of water, course of channels, &c. A survey of agriculture includes a view of the state of property, buildings, fences, modes of cultivation, crops, gardens, orchards, woods, live-stock, &c. And in general, survey denotes a particular view and examination of anything.
3. In the United States, a district for the collection of the customs, under the inspection and authority of a particular officer. Trigonometrical survey, the measurement of an arc of the meridian by means of a series of triangles.

SUR-VEY, v.t. [Norm. surveer, surveoir; sur and Fr. voir, to see or look, contracted from L. video, videre.]

1. To inspect or take a view of; to view with attention, as from a high place; as, to stand on a hill, and survey the surrounding country. It denotes more particular and deliberate attention than look or see.
2. To view with a scrutinizing eye; to examine. With such alter'd looks, / All pale and speechless, he survey'd me round. – Dryden.
3. To examine with reference to condition, situation and value; as, to survey a building to determine its value and exposure to loss by fire.
4. To measure, as land; or to ascertain the contents of land, by lines and angles.
5. To examine or ascertain the position and distances of objects on the shore of the sea, the depth of water, nature of the bottom, and whatever may be necessary to facilitate the navigation of the waters and render the entrance into harbors, sounds and rivers easy and safe. Thus officers are employed to survey the coast and make charts of the same.
6. To examine and ascertain, as the boundaries and royalties of a manor, the tenure of the tenants, and the rent and value of the same.
7. To examine and ascertain, as the state of agriculture.

SUR-VEY-AL, n.

Survey; a viewing.

SUR-VEY-ED, pp.

Viewed with attention; examined; measured.

SUR-VEY-ING, n.

That branch of mathematics which teaches the art of measuring land.

SUR-VEY-ING, ppr.

Viewing with attention; examining particularly; measuring.

SUR-VEY-OR, n.

1. An overseer; one placed to superintend others. – Shak.
2. One that views and examines for the purpose of ascertaining the condition, quantity or quality of any thing; as, a surveyor of land; a surveyor of highways; surveyors of ordnance. In the customs, a gauger; an officer who ascertains the contents of casks, and the quantity of liquors subject to duty; also in the United States, an officer who ascertains the weight and quantity of goods subject to duty.

A principal surveyor; as, the surveyor-general of the king's manors, or of woods and parks in England. In the United States, the chief surveyor of lands; as, the surveyor-general of the United States, or of a particular state.

SUR-VEY-OR-SHIP, n.

The office of a surveyor.

SUR'VIEW, n.

Survey. [Not in use.]

SUR-VIEW', v.t.

To survey. [Not in use.] – Spenser.

SUR-VISE, v.t. [Fr. sur and viser.]

To look over. [Not in use.] – B. Jonson.

SUR-VI'VAL, n. [See Survive.]

A living beyond the life of another person, thing or event; an outliving.

SUR-VI'VANCE, n.

Survivorship. [Little used.] – Hume.

SUR-VIVE, v.i.

To remain alive. Try pleasure, / Which when no other enemy survives, / Still conquers all the conquerors. – Denham.

SUR-VIVE, v.t. [Fr survivre; sur and vivre, to live; It. sopravvivere; Sp. sobrevivir; L. supervivo.]

1. To outlive; to live beyond the life of another; as, the wife survives her husband; or a husband survives his wife.
2. To outlive any thing else; to live beyond any event. Who would wish to survive the ruin of his country? Many men survive their usefulness or the regular exercise of their reason.