Dictionary: SEN-A-TO'RI-AL, or SEN-A-TO'RI-AN – SENS'ED

a | b | c | d | e | f | g | h | i | j | k | l | m | n | o | p | q | r | s | t | u | v | w | x | y | z |



  1. Pertaining to a senate; becoming a senator; as, senatorial robes; senatorial eloquence.
  2. Entitled to elect a senator; as, a senatorial district. – United States.


In the manner of a senate; with dignity or solemnity.


The office or dignity of a senator. – Carew.

SENATUS-CONSULTUM, n. [Senatus Consultum. L.]

A decree of the senate.

SEND, v.i.

To dispatch an agent or messenger for some purpose. See ye how this son of a murderer hath sent to take away my head? – 2 Kings vi. So we say, we sent to invite guests; we sent to inquire into the facts. To send for, to request or require by message to come or be brought; as, to send for a physician; to send for a coach. But these expressions are elliptical.

SEND, v.t. [pret. and pp. sent. Sax. sendan; Goth. sandyan; D. zenden; G. senden; Sw. sända; Dan. sender.]

  1. In a general sense, to throw, cast or thrust; to impel or drive by force to a distance, either with the hand or with an instrument or by other means. We send a ball with the hand or with a bat; a bow sends an arrow; a cannon sends a shot; a trumpet sends the voice much farther than the unassisted organs of speech.
  2. To cause to be conveyed or transmitted; as, to send letters or dispatches from one country to another.
  3. To cause to go or pass from place to place; as, to send a messenger from London to Madrid.
  4. To commission, authorize or direct to go and act. I have not sent these prophets, yet they ran. Jer. xxiii.
  5. To cause to come or fall; to bestow. He sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust. Matth. v.
  6. To cause to come or fall; to inflict. The Lord shall send upon thee cursing, vexation and rebuke. Deut. xxviii. If I send pestilence among my people. 2 Chron. vii.
  7. To propagate; to diffuse. Cherubic songs by night from neighb'ring hills / Aerial music send. – Milton. To send away, to dismiss; to cause to depart. To send forth or out, to produce; to put or bring forth; as, a tree sends forth branches. #2. To emit; as, flowers send forth their fragrance. – James iii.

SEN'DAL, n. [Sp. cendal.]

A light thin stuff of silk or thread. [Not in use.] – Chaucer.


One that sends. – Shak.

SEN'E-GA, or SEN'E-KA, n.

A plant called rattlesnake-root, of the genus Polygala.


The bitter acrid principle of Polygala Senega.

SE-NES'CENCE, n. [L. seneso, from senex, old. See Senate.]

The state of growing old; decay by time. – Woodward.

SEN'ES-CHAL, n. [Fr. sénéchal; It. siniscalco; Sp. senescal; G. seneschall. The origin and signification of the first part of the word are not ascertained. The latter part is the Teutonic schalk or scealc, a servant, as in marshal.]

A steward; an officer in the houses of princes and dignitaries, who has the superintendence of feasts and domestic ceremonies. In some instances, the seneschal is an officer who has the dispensing of justice; as, the high seneschal of England. – Encyc.


A plant, the houseleek, of the genus Sempervivum. – Fam. of Plants.

SE'NILE, a. [L. senilis.]

Pertaining to old age; proceeding from age. – Boyle.


Old age. [Not much used.] – Boswell.

SEN-IOR, a. [see'nyor; L. senior, comp. of senex, old. Set Senate.]

Elder or older; but as an adjective, it usually signifies older in office; as, the senior pastor of a church, where there are colleagues; a senior counselor. In such use, senior has no reference to age, for a senior counselor may be, and often is the younger man.

SEN-IOR, n. [see'nyor.]

  1. A person who is older than another; one more advanced in life.
  2. One that is older in office, or one whose first entrance upon an office was anterior to that of another. Thus senator or counselor of sixty years of age, often has a senior who is not fifty years of age.
  3. An aged person; one of the oldest inhabitants. A senior of the place replies. – Dryden.


  1. Eldership; superior age; prior of birth. He is the elder brother, and entitled to the place by seniority.
  2. Priority in office; as, the seniority of a pastor or counselor.

SEN'NA, n. [Pers. and Ar. سَنَا sana. Qu. from Ch. and Syr. סנן, to strain, purge, purify. The common pronunciation, seena, is incorrect.]

The leaves of various species of Cassia, the best of which are natives of the East; used as a cathartic.

SEN-NIGHT, n. [sen'nit; contracted from sevennigit, as fortnight from fourteennight.]

The space of seven nights and days; a week. The court will be held this day sennight, that is, a week from this day; or the court will be held next Tuesday sennight, a week from next Tuesday.

SE-NOC'U-LAR, a. [L. seni, six, and oculus, the eye.]

Having six eyes. Most animals are binocular, spiders octonocular, and some senocular. – Derham.

SENS'ATE, or SENS'A-TED, a. [See Sense.]

Perceived by the senses. – Hooke.

SENS-A'TION, n. [Fr.; It. sensazione; Sp. sensacion; from L. sensus, sentio, to perceive. See Sense.]

The perception of external objects by means of the senses. – Encyc.

SENSE, n. [sens; Fr. sens; It. senso; Sp. sentido; from L. sensus, from sentio, to feel or perceive; W. syniaw, id.; syn, sense, feeling, perception; G. sinn, sense, mind, intention; D. zin; Sw. sinne; Dan. sind, sands.]

  1. The faculty by which animals perceive external objects by means of impressions made on certain organs of the body. Sense is a branch of perception. The five senses of animals are, 1. special, as smell, sight, hearing, tasting; 2. common, as feeling.
  2. Sensation; perception by the senses. – Bacon.
  3. Perception by the intellect; apprehension; discernment. This Basilius, having the quick sense of a lover … – Sidney.
  4. Sensibility; quickness or acuteness of perception. – Shak.
  5. Understanding; soundness of faculties; strength of natural reason. Opprest nature sleeps; / This rest might yet have balm'd thy broken senses. – Shak.
  6. Reason; reasonable or rational meaning. He raves; his words are loose / As heaps of sand, and scattering wide from sense. – Dryden.
  7. Opinion; notion; judgment. I speak my private but impartial sense / With freedom. – Roscommon.
  8. Consciousness; conviction; as, a due sense of our weakness or sinfulness.
  9. Moral perception. Some are so hardened in wickedness, as to have no sense of the most friendly offices. – L'Estrange.
  10. Meaning; import; signification; as, the true sense of words or phrases. In interpretation, we are to examine whether words are to be understood in a literal or figurative sense. So we speak of a legal sense, a grammatical sense, an historical sense, &c. Common sense, that power of the mind which, by a kind of instinct, or a short process of reasoning, perceives truth, the relation of things, cause and effect, &c. and hence enables the possessor to discern what is right, useful, expedient or proper, and adopt the best means to accomplish his purpose. This power seems to be the gift of nature, improved by experience and observation. Moral sense, a determination of the mind to be pleased with the contemplation of those affections, actions or characters of rational agents, which are called good or virtuous. – Encyc.

SENS'ED, pp.

Perceived by the senses. [Not in use.] – Glanville.