Dictionary: SAUS'SUR-ITE – SAV'IOR

a | b | c | d | e | f | g | h | i | j | k | l | m | n | o | p | q | r | s | t | u | v | w | x | y | z |



A mineral so named from Saussure, the discoverer, of a white gray or green color, found at the foot of mount Rosa. It approaches andalusite. – Klaproth. Jameson.

SAV'A-BLE, a. [from save.]

Capable of being saved. – Chillingworth.


Capability of being saved. – Ibm.

SAV'AGE, a. [Fr. sauvage; Arm. savaich; It. selvaggio; Sp. salvage; from L. silva, a wood, or silvicola, an inhabitant of a wood, or silvaticus.]

  1. Pertaining to the forest; wild; remote from human residence and improvements; uncultivated; as, a savage wilderness. Cornels and savage berries of the wood. – Dryden.
  2. Wild; untamed; as, savage beasts of prey.
  3. Uncivilized; untaught; unpolished; rude; as, savage life; savage manners. – Ralegh. What nation since the commencement of the Christian era, ever rose from savage to civilized without Christianity? – E. D. Griffin.
  4. Cruel; barbarous; fierce; ferocious; inhuman; brutal; as, a savage spirit.


  1. A human being in his native state of rudeness; one who is untaught, uncivilized or without cultivation of mind or manners. The savages of America, when uncorrupted by the vices of civilized men, are remarkable for their hospitality to strangers, and for their truth, fidelity and gratitude to their friends, but implacably cruel and revengeful toward their enemies. From this last trait of the savage character, the word came to signify,
  2. A man of extreme, unfeeling, brutal cruelty; a barbarian.
  3. The name of a genus of fierce voracious flies. – Dict. Nat. Hist.

SAV'AGE, v.t.

To make wild, barbarous or cruel. [Not well authorized and little used.] – Thomson.

SAV'AGE-LY, adv.

In the manner of a savage; cruelly; inhumanly. – Shak.


  1. Wildness; an untamed, uncultivated or uncivilized state; barbarism. Hence,
  2. Cruelty; barbarousness. Wolves and bears, they say, / Casting their savageness aside, have done / Like offices of pity. – Shak.


  1. Wild growth, as of plants. – Shak.
  2. Cruelty; barbarity. – Shak.


The state of rude uncivilized men; the state of men in their native wildness and rudeness. – S. S. Smith. Walsh. The greater part of modern philosophers have declared for the original savagism of men. – Encyc.

SA-VAN'NA, n. [In Spanish, sabana is a sheet for a bed, or a large plain coveted with snow.]

An extensive open plain or meadow, or a plain destitute of trees. – Locke.

SA'VANT, n. [plur. Savans. Fr. savan.]

A man of learning; in the plural, literary men.

SAVE, v.i.

To hinder expense. Brass ordnance saveth in the quantity of the material. – Bacon.

SAVE, v.t. [Fr. sauver, from L. salvo, It. salvare, Sp. salvar. As salve is used in Latin for salutation or wishing health, as hail is in English, I suspect this word to be from the root of heal or hail, the first letter being changed as in Gr. ἁλς, W. halen, salt. See Salt.]

  1. To preserve from injury, destruction or evil of any kind; to rescue from danger; as, to save a house from the flames; to save a man from drowning; to save a family from ruin; to save a state from war. He cried, saying, Lord, save me. – Math. xiv. Gen. xiv.
  2. To preserve from final and everlasting destruction; to rescue from eternal death. Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners. – 1 Tim. i.
  3. To deliver; to rescue from the power and pollution of sin. He shall save his people from their sins. – Matth. i.
  4. To hinder from being spent or lost; as, to save the expense of a new garment. Order in all affairs saves time.
  5. To prevent. Method in affairs saves much perplexity.
  6. To reserve or lay by for preservation. Now save a nation, and now save a groat. – Pope.
  7. To spare; to prevent; to hinder from occurrence. Will you not speak to save a lady's blush? – Dryden. Silent and unobserv'd, to save his tears. – Dryden.
  8. To salve; as, to save appearances. – Milton.
  9. To take or use opportunely, so as not to lose. The ship sailed in time to save the tide.
  10. To except; to reserve from a general admission or account. Israel burned none of them, save Hazor only. – Josh. xi. Of the Jews five times received I forty stripes, save one. – 2 Cor. xi. [Save is here a verb followed by an object. It is the imperative used without a specific nominative; but it is now less frequently used than except.]

SAVE'ALL, n. [save and all.]

A small pan inserted in a candlestick to save the ends of candles. Johnson.

SAV'ED, pp.

Preserved from evil, injury or destruction; kept frugally; prevented; spared; taken in time.


A fish of the trout kind, having very small scales and a black back. – Dict. Nat. Hist.

SAV'ER, n.

  1. One that saves, preserves or rescues from evil or destruction; as, the saver of the country. Swift.
  2. One that escapes loss, but without gain. – Dryden.
  3. One that is frugal in expenses; an economist. – Wotton.

SAV'IN, n. [Fr. savinier; L. and Sp. sabina.]

A tree or shrub of the genus Juniperus. The savin of Europe resembles the red cedar of America, and the latter is sometimes called savin. – Bigelow.


  1. Something kept from being expended or lost. By reducing the interest of the debt, the nation makes a saving. – Anon.
  2. Exception; reservation. Contend not with those that are too strong for us, but still with a saving to honesty. – L'Estrange.

SAV'ING, ppr.

  1. Preserving from evil or destruction; hindering from waste or loss; sparing; taking or using in time.
  2. Excepting.
  3. adj. Frugal; not lavish; avoiding unnecessary expenses; economical; parsimonious. But it implies less rigorous economy than parsimonious; as, a saving husbandman or housekeeper.
  4. That saves in returns or receipts the principal or sum employed or expended; that incurs no loss, though not gainful; as, a saving bargain. The ship has made a saving voyage.
  5. That secures everlasting salvation; as, saving grace.

SAV'ING-LY, adv.

  1. With frugality or parsimony.
  2. So as to be finally saved from eternal death; as, savingly converted.


  1. Frugality; parsimony; caution not to expend money without necessity or use.
  2. Tendency to promote eternal salvation. – Johnson.


A bank in which the savings or earnings of the poor are deposited and put to interest for their benefit.

SAV'IOR, n. [sāvyur; Fr. sauveur.]

  1. One who saves, preserves or delivers from destruction or danger. – 2 Kings xiii, 5. Is. xix, 20.
  2. Properly and appropriately, Jesus Christ, the Redeemer, who has opened the way to everlasting salvation by his obedience and death, and who is therefore called the Savior, by way of distinction, the Savior of men, the Savior of the world. General Washington may be called the saver, but not the savior of his country.