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The habit or practice of study; as, addictedness to books. Men of sprightly imagination are not generally the most remarkable for studiousness.

STUD'Y, n. [Fr. etude; L. studium, from studeo, to study, that is, to set the thoughts or mind. See Assiduous. Studeo is connected with the English stud, stead.]

  1. Literally, a setting of the mind or thoughts upon a subject; hence, application of mind to books, to arts or science, or to any subject, for the purpose of learning what is not before known. Hammond generally spent thirteen hours of the day is study. – Fell. Study gives strength to the mind; conversation, grace. – Temple.
  2. Attention; meditation; contrivance. Just men they seem'd, and alt their study bent. To worship God aright and know his works. – Milton.
  3. Any particular branch of learning that is studied. Let your studies be directed by some learned and judicious friend.
  4. Subject of attention. The Holy Scriptures, especially the New Testament, are her daily study. – Law.
  5. A building or an apartment devoted to study or to literary employment. – Clarendon. Dryden.
  6. Deep cogitation; perplexity. [Little used.] – Bacon. Studies, preparatory sketches or exercises made by artists.

STUD'Y, v.i. [L. studeo.]

  1. To fix the mind closely upon a subject; to muse; to dwell upon in thought. I found a moral first, and then studied for a fable. – Swift.
  2. To apply the mind to books. He studies eight hours in the day.
  3. To endeavor diligently. That ye study to be quiet and do your own business. – 1 Thess. iv.

STUD'Y, v.t.

  1. To apply the mind to; to read and examine for the purpose of learning and understanding; as, to study law or theology; to study languages.
  2. To consider attentively; to examine closely. Study the works of nature. Study thyself; what rank or what degree / Thy wise Creator has ordain'd for thee. – Dryden.
  3. To form or arrange by previous thought; to con over; or to commit to memory; as, to study a speech.

STUD'Y-ING, ppr.

Applying the mind to; reading and examining closely.

STU'FA, n. [It. a stove.]

A jet of steam issuing from a fissure in the earth.

STUFF, n. [D. stof, stoffe; G. stoff; Dan. stöv; Sw. stoft; Goth. stubyus; It. stoffa; Sp. estofa; quilted stuff; estofar, to quilt, to stew. See Store and Stew.]

  1. A mass of matter, indefinitely; or a collection of substances; as, a heap of dust, of chips or of dross.
  2. The matter of which any thing is formed; materials. The carpenter and joiner speak of the stuff with which they build; mechanics pride themselves on having their wares made of good stuff. Time is the stuff which life is made of. – Franklin. Degrading prose explains his meaning ill, / And shows the stuff, and not the workman's skill. – Roscommon. Cesar hath wept; / Ambition should be made of sterner stuff. – Shak.
  3. Furniture; goods; domestic vessels in general. He took away locks, and gave away the king's stuff. [Nearly obsolete.] – Hayward.
  4. That which fills any thing. Cleanse the stuff'd bosom of that perilous stuff / That weighs upon the heart. – Shak.
  5. Essence; elemental part; as, the stuff of the conscience.
  6. A medicine. [Vulgar.] – Shak.
  7. Cloth; fabrics of the loom; as, silk stuffs; woolen stuffs. In this sense the word has a plural. Stuff comprehends all cloths, but it signifies particularly woolen cloth of slight texture for linings. – Encyc.
  8. Matter or thing; particularly, that which is trifling or worthless; a very extensive use of the word. Flattery is fulsome stuff; poor poetry is miserable stuff. Anger would indite / Such woful stuff as I or Shadwell write. – Dryden.
  9. Among seamen, a melted mass of turpentine, tallow, &c., with which the masts sides und bottom of a ship are smeared. – Mar. Dict.

STUFF, v.i.

To feed gluttonously. Taught harmless man to cram and stuff. – Swift.

STUFF, v.t.

  1. To fill; as, to stuff a bedtick.
  2. To fill very full; to crowd. This crook drew hazel boughs adown, / And stuff'd her apron wide with nuts so brown. – Gay.
  3. To thrust in; to crowd; to press. Put roses into a glass with a narrow mouth, ending them close together. – Bacon.
  4. To fill by being put into any thing. With inward arms the dire machine they load, / And iron bowels stuff the dark abode. – Dryden.
  5. To swell or cause to bulge out by putting something in. Stuff me out with straw. – Shak.
  6. To fill with something improper. For thee I dim these eyes, and stuff this head / With all such reading as was never read. – Pope.
  7. To obstruct, as any of the organs. / I'm stuff'd, cousin; I can not smell. – Shak.
  8. To fill meat with seasoning; as, to stuff a leg of veal.
  9. To fill the akin of a dead animal for presenting and preserving his form; as, to stuff a bird or a lion's skin.
  10. To form by filling. An eastern king put a judge to death for an iniquitous sentence and ordered his hide to be stuffed into a cushion, and placed upon the tribunal. – Swift.


Filled; crowded; crammed.


  1. That which is used for filling any thing; as, the stuffing of a saddle or cushion.
  2. Seasoning for meat; that which is put into meat to give it a higher relish.


Filling; crowding.

STUKE, n. [or v.]

for Stucco. [Not in use.]


A shaft to draw water out of a mine. – Bailey.


A post. [Local.]


Made foolish.

STUL'TI-FY, v.t. [L. stultus, foolish, and facio, to make.]

  1. To make foolish; to make one a fool. – Burke.
  2. In law, to alledge or prove to be insane, for avoiding some act. – Blackstone.


Making foolish.

STUL-TIL'O-QUENCE, n. [L. stultus, foolish, and loquentia, a talking.]

Foolish talk; a babbling. – Dict.

STUL-TIL'O-QUY, n. [L. stultiloquium, supra.]

Foolish talk; silly discourse; babbling. – Taylor.

STUM, n. [D. stom, stum, dumb; G. stumm, Dan. and Sw. stum, dumb, mute.]

  1. Must; wine unfermented. – Addison.
  2. New wine used to raise fermentation in dead or vapid wines. – B. Jonson.
  3. Wine revived by a new fermentation. – Hudibras.

STUM, v.t.

  1. To renew wine by mixing must with it, and raising a new fermentation. We stum our wines to renew their spirits. – Floyer.
  2. To fume a cask of liquor with burning brimstone. [Local.]


  1. A trip in walking or running.
  2. A blunder; a failure. One stumble is enough to deface the character of an honorable life. – L'Estrange.

STUM'BLE, v.i. [Ice. stumra. This word is probably from a root that signifies to stop or to strike, and may be allied to stammer.]

  1. To trip in walking or moving in any way upon the legs; to strike the foot so as to fall, or to endanger a fall; applied to any animal. A man may stumble, as well as a horse. The way of the wicked is as darkness; they know not at what they stumble. – Prov. iv.
  2. To err; to slide into a crime or an error. He that loveth his brother, abideth in the light, and there is no occasion of stumbling in him. – 1 John ii.
  3. To strike upon without design; to fall on; to light on by chance. Men often stumble upon valuable discoveries. Ovid stumbled by some inadvertence upon Livia in a bath. – Dryden.

STUM'BLE, v.t.

  1. To obstruct in progress; to cause to trip or stop.
  2. To confound; to puzzle; to put to a nonplus; to perplex. One thing more stumbles me in the very foundation of this hypothesis. – Locke.