Dictionary: STOAK – STOCK'-LOCK

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STOAK, v.t.

To stop; to choke; in seamen's language.


An animal, the ermine. This animal is called stoat when of a reddish color, and ermine when white, as in winter. It is a digitigrade carnivorous mammal, the Putorius Ermines. – Ed. Encyc.

STO'CAH, n. [Ir. and Erse.]

An attendant; a wallet boy. [Not English nor used.] – Spenser.

STOC-CADE', or STOC-CA'DO, n. [It. stoccato, a thrust, from stocco, a stock or race, a rapier or long sword; Sp. estocada; Fr. estocade. This gives the sense of thrust. But we give the word another signification, from stock, a post or fixed piece of timber. The It. stocco and Eng. stock are the same word.]

  1. A stab; a thrust with a rapier. – Shak.
  2. A fence or barrier made with stakes or posts planted in the earth; a slight fortification. [See Stockade.]

STOC-CADE', v.t.

To fortify with sharpened posts.


Fortified with posts.


Fortifying with posts.

STO-CHAS'TIC, a. [Gr. στοχαστικος.]

Conjectural; able to conjecture. [Not in use.] – Brown.

STOCK, n. [Sax. stoc, a place, the stem of a tree; G. stock, a stem, a staff, a stick, a block; D. and Dan. stok, id.; Sw. stock; Fr. estoc; It. stocco. This word coincides with stake, stick, stack; that which is set or fixed.]

  1. The stem or main body of a tree or other plant; the fixed, strong, firm part; the origin and support of the branches. – Job xiv.
  2. The stem in which a graft is inserted, and which is its support. The cion overruleth the stock quite. – Bacon.
  3. A post; something fixed, solid and senseless. When all our fathers worship'd stocks and stones. – Milton.
  4. A person very stupid, dull and senseless. Let's be no stoics, nor no stocks. – Shak.
  5. The handle of any thing.
  6. The wood in which the barrel of a musket or other firearm is fixed.
  7. A thrust with a rapier. [Not in use.]
  8. A cravat or band for the neck.
  9. A cover for the leg. [Obs.] [Now stocking.]
  10. The original progenitor; also, the race or line of a family; the progenitors of a family and their direct descendants; lineage; family. From what stock did he spring? Thy mother was no goddess, nor thy stock / From Dardanus. – Denham. Men and brethren, children of the stock of Abraham. – Acts xiii.
  11. A fund; capital; the money or goods employed in trade, manufactures, insurance, banking, &c.; as, the stock of a banking company; the stock employed in the manufacture of cotton, in making insurance and the like. Stock may be individual or joint.
  12. Money lent to government, or property in a public debt; a share or shares of a national or other public debt, or in a company debt. The United States borrow of the bank or of individuals, and sell stock bearing an interest of five, six, or seven per sent. British stocks are the objects of perpetual speculation.
  13. Supply provided; store. Every one may be charitable out of his own stock. So we say, a stock of honor, a stock of fame. Add to that stock which justly we bestow. – Dryden.
  14. In agriculture, the domestic animals or beasts belonging to the owner of a farm; as, a stock of cattle or of sheep. It is also used for the crop or other property belonging to the farm. – Encyc.
  15. Living beasts shipped to a foreign country; as, a brig sailed yesterday with stock on deck. The cattle are called also live stock. America.
  16. In the West Indies the slaves of a plantation.
  17. Stocks, plur. a machine consisting of two pieces of timber, in which the legs of criminals are confined by way of punishment.
  18. The frame or timbers on which a ship rests while building.
  19. The stock of an anchor is the piece of timber into which the shank is inserted. – Mar. Dict.
  20. In book-keeping, the owner or owners of the books. – Encyc.

STOCK, v.t.

  1. To store; to supply; to fill; as, to stock the mind with ideas. Asia and Europe are well stocked with inhabitants.
  2. To lay up in store; as, he stocks what he can not use. – Johnson.
  3. To put in the stocks. [Little used.]
  4. To pack; to put into a pack; as, to stock cards.
  5. To supply with domestic animals; as, to stock a farm.
  6. To supply with seed; as, to stock land with clover or herdsgrass. – American farmers.
  7. To suffer cows to retain their milk for twenty four hours or more, previous to sale. To stock up, to extirpate; to dig up. – Edwards' W. Indies.

STOCK-ADE, n. [See Stoccade.]

  1. In fortification, a sharpened post or stake set in the earth.
  2. A line of posts or stakes set in the earth as a fence or barrier.


To surround or fortify with sharpened posts fixed in the ground.


Fortified with stockades.


Fortifying with sharpened posts or stakes.

STOCK'-BROK-ER, n. [stock and broker.]

A broker who deals in the purchase and sale of stocks or shares in the public funds.

STOCK'-DOVE, n. [stock and dove.]

The wild pigeon of Europe, (Columba ænas,) long considered as the stock of the domestic pigeon, but now regarded as a distinct species. – Ed. Encyc.

STOCK'-FISH, n. [stock and fish.]

Cod dried hard and without salt.


A plant, a species of Cheiranthus; sometimes written stock July flower. – Encyc. Fam. of Plants.

STOCK'HOLD-ER, n. [stock and hold.]

One who is a proprietor of stock in the public funds, or in the funds of a bank or other company.

STOCK'ING, n. [from stock; Ir. stoca; supposed by Johnson to be a corruption of stocken, plural of stock. But qu.]

A garment made to cover the leg.


To dress in stockings. – Dryden.


Hard; stupid; blockish. [Little used.] – Shak.

STOCK'-JOB-BER, n. [stock and job.]

One who speculates in the public funds for gain; one whose occupation is to buy and sell stocks.


The act or art of dealing in the public funds. – Encyc.

STOCK'-LOCK, n. [stock and lock.]

A lock fixed in wood. – Moxon.