Dictionary: E-LEC'TRIZ-ED – EL'E-GANCE, or EL'E-GAN-CY

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Charged with electricity.


That science which treats of the agency of electricity and galvanism in effecting chimical changes.

E-LEC'TRODE, n. [Gr. ηλεκτρον, (for electricity,) and οδος, a way.]

A name applied to what is called the pole of the voltaic circle. The electrodes are the surfaces of air, water, metal, &c. which serve to convey an electric current into and from the liquid to be decomposed. Faraday. Turner.

E-LEC'TRO-LYTE, n. [Gr. ηλεκτρον and λυω, to dissolve.]

A compound which may be directly decomposed by an electric current. Faraday.

E-LEC'TRO-LYZE, v.t. [Gr. ηλεκτρον, and λυω, to dissolve.]

To decompose a compound substance by the direct action of galvanism. Faraday.


Designating what pertains to magnetism, as connected with electricity, or affected by it. Electro-magnetic phenomena. Henry.


That science which treats of the agency of electricity and galvanism in communicating magnetic properties.

E-LEC-TROM'E-TER, n. [L. electrum, Gr. ηλεκτρον, amber, and μετρεω, to measure.]

An instrument for measuring the quantity or intensity of electricity, or its quality; or an instrument for discharging it from a jar. Encyc. Henry. Ure.


Pertaining to an electrometer; made by an electrometer; as, an electrometrical experiment.


The motion of electricity or a galvanism, or the passing of it from one metal to another, by the attraction or influence of one metal plate in contact with another. Volta.


Producing electro-motion as, electro-motive power. Henry.

E-LEC-TRO-MO'TOR, n. [electrum and motor.]

A mover of the electric fluid; an instrument or apparatus so called. Volta.


Amber; also, a mixture of gold with a fifth part of silver. Coxe.


Repelled by bodies negatively electrified, and attracted by those positively electrified. Henry.

E-LEC-TRO'PHOR, or E-LEC-TROPH'O-RUS, n. [electrum and φορεω, to bear.]

An instrument for preserving electricity a long time. Dict. Nat. Hist.


Applied to conductors which are positive at one end, or on one surface, and negative at the other.


Attracted by bodies negatively electrified, or by the negative pole of the galvanic arrangement. Henry.

E-LEC'TRO-SCOPE, n. [Gr. ηλεκτρον and σκοπεω.]

An instrument for rendering electrical excitation apparent by its effects. Brande.


An instrument or apparatus, which, by means of an iron wire, conducting the electric fluid, conveys intelligence to any given distance, with the velocity of lightning. Morse.


Pertaining to the electro-telegraph, or by means of it.

E-LEC'TRUM, n. [L. amber.]

In mineralogy, an argentiferous gold ore, or native alloy, of a pale brass yellow color. Dict.

E-LEC'TU-A-RY, n. [Low L. electarium, electuarium; Gr. εκλειγμα, or εκλεικτον, from λειχω, to lick. Vossius.]

In pharmacy, a form of medicine composed of powders or other ingredients, incorporated with some conserve, honey, or sirup, and made into due consistence, to be taken in doses, like boluses. Quincy. Encyc.

EL-EE-MOS'Y-NA-RY, a. [Gr. ελεημοσυνη, alms, from ελεεω, to pity, ελεος, compassion; W. elus. charitable; elusen, alms, benevolence. See Alms. It would be well to omit one e in this word.]

  1. Given in charity; given or appropriated to support the poor; as, eleemosynary rents or taxes. Encyc.
  2. Relating to charitable donations; intended for the distribution of alms, or for the use and management of donations, whether for the subsistence of the poor or for the support and promotion of learning; as, an eleemosynary corporation. A hospital founded by charity is an eleemosynary institution for the support of the poor, sick and Imp-; tent; a college founded by donations is an eleemosynary institution for the promotion of learning. The corporation intrusted with the care of such institutions is eleemosynary.


One who subsists on charity. South.

EL'E-GANCE, or EL'E-GAN-CY, n. [L. elegantia; Fr. elegance; It. eleganza; probably from L. eligo, to choose, though irregularly formed. In its primary sense, this word signifies that which is choice or select, as distinguished from what is common.]

  1. “The beauty of propriety, not of greatness,” says Johnson. Applied to manners or behavior, elegance is that fine polish, politeness or grace, which is acquired by a genteel education, and an association with well-bred company. Applied to language, elegance respects the manner of speaking or of writing. Elegance of speaking is the propriety of diction and utterance, and the gracefulness of action or gesture; comprehending correct, appropriate and rich expressions, delivered in an agreeable manner. Elegance of composition consists in correct, appropriate and rich expressions, or well chosen words, arranged in a happy manner. Elegance implies neatness, purity, and correct, perspicuous arrangement, and is calculated to please a delicate taste, rather than to excite admiration or strong feeling. Elegance is applied also to form. Elegance in architecture consists in the due symmetry and distribution of the parts of an edifice, or in regular proportions and arrangement. And in a similar sense, the word is applied to the person or human body. It is applied also to penmanship, denoting that form of letters which is most agreeable to the eye. In short, in a looser sense, it is applied to many works of art or nature remarkable for their beauty; as, elegance of dress or furniture.
  2. That which pleases by its nicety, symmetry, purity or beauty. In this sense it has a plural; as, the nicer gayeties of art. Spectator.