Dictionary: E-LON'GA-TING – E-LU'SION

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  1. Lengthening; extending.
  2. Receding to a greater distance, particularly as a planet from the sun in its orbit.


  1. The act of stretching or lengthening; as, the elongation of a fiber. Arbuthnot.
  2. The state of being extended.
  3. Distance; space which separates one thing from another. Glanville.
  4. Departure; removal; recession.
  5. Extension; continuation. May not the mountains of Westmoreland and Cumberland be considered as elongations of these two chains. Pinkerton.
  6. In astronomy, the recess of a planet from the sun, as it appears to the eye of a spectator on the earth; apparent departure of a planet from the sun in its orbit; as, the elongation of Venus or Mercury.
  7. In surgery, an imperfect luxation, occasioned by the stretching or lengthening of the ligaments; or the extension of a part beyond its natural dimensions. Encyc. Coxe.

E-LOPE, v.i. [D. loopen; wegloopen; G. laufen, entlaufen; Sw. lopa; Dan. löber; Sax. hleapan; Eng. to leap. In all the dialects, except the English, leap signifies to run. Qu. Heb. חלף. Class Lb, No. 30.]

  1. To run away; to depart from one's proper place or station privately or without permission; to quit, without permission or right, the station in which one is placed by law or duty. Particularly and appropriately, to run away or depart from a husband, and live with an adulterer, as a married woman; or to quit a father's house, privately or without permission, and marry or live with a gallant, as an unmarried woman.
  2. To run away; to escape privately; to depart, without permission, as a son from a father's house, or an apprentice from his master's service.

E-LOP-ED, pp.

Run away privately.


Private or unlicensed departure from the place or station to which one is assigned by duty or law; as, the elopement of a wife from her husband, or of a daughter from her father's house, usually with a lover or gallant. It is sometimes applied to the departure of a son as an apprentice, in like manner.

E-LOP-ING, ppr.

Running away; departing privately, or without permission, from a husband, father or master.

E'LOPS, n. [Gr. ελλοψ.]

A fish inhabiting the seas of America and the West Indies, the Elops Saurus of Turton's Linnæus.

EL'O-QUENCE, n. [L. eloquentia, from eloquor, loquor, to speak; Gr. ληκεω, λακεω, to crack, to sound, to speak. The primary sense is probably to burst with a sound, for the Gr. has λακις, a fissure, from the same root; whence λακιζω, to open or split; whence L. lacero, to tear; and hence perhaps Eng. a leak. Qu. the root of clack. See Class Lg, No. 51, 57.]

  1. The expression of strong emotion, in a manner adapted to excite correspondent emotions in others. The word, in its best extensive signification, comprehends every mode in which deep feeling may be expressed, either by words, tones, looks or gestures. Eloquence therefore requires, in its most perfect form, a vigorous understanding, a glowing imagination, appropriate and rich language, with fluency, animation and suitable action. Hence, eloquence is adapted to please, affect and persuade. Demosthenes in Greece, Cicero in Rome, Lord Chatham and Burke in Great Britain, and Fisher Ames in the United States, were distinguished for their eloquence in declamation and debate.
  2. The power of expressing strong emotions with fluency and force.
  3. Forcible language, which gives utterance to deep emotion. She uttereth piercing eloquence. Shak.
  4. It is sometimes applied to written language.


  1. Having the power of expressing strong emotions in a vivid and appropriate manner; as, an eloquent orator or preacher.
  2. Adapted to express strong emotion with fluency and power; as, an eloquent address; eloquent history; an eloquent appeal to a jury.


With eloquence; in an eloquent manner; in a manner to please, affect and persuade.

ELSE, a. [or pron. els. Sax. elles; Dan. ellers, from eller, or; L. alius, alias. See Alien.]

Other; one or something beside. Who else is coming? What else shall I give? Do you expect any thing else? [This word, if considered to be an adjective or pronoun, never precedes its noun, but always follows it.]

ELSE, adv. [els.]

  1. Otherwise; in the other case; if the fact were different. Thou desirest not sacrifice, else would I give it; that is, if thou didst desire sacrifice, I would give it. Ps. v. 16. Repent, or else I will come to thee quickly; that is, repent, or if thou shouldst not repent, if the case or fact should be different, I will come to thee quickly. Rev. ii, 5.
  2. Beside; except that mentioned; as, no where else.


  1. In any other place; as, these trees are not to be found elsewhere.
  2. In some other place; in other places indefinitely. It is reported in town and elsewhere.

E-LU'CI-DATE, v.t. [Low L. elucido, from eluceo, luceo, to shine, or from lucidus, clear, bright. See Light.]

To make clear or manifest; to explain; to remove obscurity from, and render intelligible; to illustrate. An example will elucidate the subject. An argument may elucidate an obscure question. A fact related by one historian may elucidate an obscure passage in another's writings.


Explained; made plain, clear or intelligible.


Explaining; making clear or intelligible.


The act of explaining or throwing light on any obscure subject; explanation; exposition; illustration; as, one example may serve for an elucidation of the subject.


Making clear.


One who explains; an expositor.


Tending to elucidate.


E-LUDE, v.t. [L. eludo; e and ludo, to play; Sp. eludir; It. eludere; Fr. eluder. The Latin verb forms lusi, lusum; and this may be the Heb. Ch. and Ar. לוץ to deride. Class Ls, No. 5.]

  1. To escape; to evade; to avoid by artifice, stratagem, wiles, deceit, or dexterity; as, to elude an enemy; to elude the sight; to elude an officer; to elude detection; to elude vigilance; to elude the force of an argument; to elude a blow or stroke.
  2. To mock by an unexpected escape. Me gentle Delia beckons from the plain, / Then, hid in shades, eludes her eager swain. Pope.
  3. To escape being seen; to remain unseen or undiscovered. The cause of magnetism has hitherto eluded the researches of philosophers.


That may be eluded or escaped. Swift.

E-LUM'BA-TED, a. [L. lumbus.]

Weakened in the loins.

E-LU'SION, n. [s as z. L. elusio. See Elude.]

An escape by artifice or deception; evasion. Brown.