Dictionary: EN-VEN'OM – EN-WOMB'

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EN-VEN'OM, v.t. [from venom.]

  1. To poison; to taint or impregnate with venom, or any substance noxious to life; never applied, in this sense, to persons, but to meat, drink or weapons; as, an envenomed arrow or shaft; an envenomed potion.
  2. To taint with bitterness or malice; as, the envenomed tongue of slander.
  3. To make odious. O what a world is this, when what is comely / Envenoms him that hears it! Shak.
  4. To enrage; to exasperate. Dryden.


Tainted or impregnated with venom or poison; imbittered; exasperated.


Tainting with venom; poisoning; imbittering; enraging.

EN-VER'MEIL, v.t. [Fr. vermeil.]

To dye red. Milton.

EN'VI-A-BLE, a. [See Envy.]

That may excite envying capable of awakening ardent desire of possession. The situation of men in office is not always enviable.

EN'VI-A-BLY, adv.

In an enviable manner.

EN'VI-ED, pp. [See Envy, the verb.]

Subjected to envy.

EN'VI-ER, n.

One who envies another; one who desires what another possesses, and hates him because his condition is better than his own, or wishes bis downfall.

EN'VI-OUS, a. [Fr. envieux. See Envy.]

  1. Feeling or harboring envy; repining or feeling uneasiness, at a view of the excellence, prosperity or happiness of another; pained by the desire of possessing some superior good which another possesses, and usually disposed to deprive him of that good, to lessen it or to depreciate it in common estimation. Sometimes followed by against, but generally and properly by at, before the person envied. Neither be thou envious at the wicked. Prov. xxiv. It is followed by of before the thing. Be not envious of the blessings or prosperity of others.
  2. Tinctured with envy; as, an envious disposition.
  3. Excited or directed by envy; as, an envious attack.

EN'VI-OUS-LY, adv.

With envy; with malignity excited by the excellence or prosperity of another. How enviously the ladies look / When they surprise me at my book! Swift.

EN-VI'RON, v.t. [Fr. environner, from environ, thereabout; en and viron, from virer, to turn, Sp. birar, Eng. to veer. Class Br.]

  1. To surround; to encompass; to encircle; as, a plain environed with mountains.
  2. To involve; to envelop; as, to environ with darkness, or with difficulties.
  3. To besiege; as, a city environed with troops.
  4. To inclose; to invest. That soldier, that man of iron, / Whom ribs of horror all environ. Cleaveland.


Surrounded; encompassed; besieged; involved; invested.


Surrounding; encircling; besieging; inclosing; involving; investing. The appropriation of different parts of the globe to some particular species of stone environing it.


Act of surrounding; state of being environed.

EN-VI'RONS, n. plur.

The parts or places which surround another place, or lie in its neighborhood, on different sides; as, the environs of a city or town. Chesterfield.

EN'VOY, n. [Fr. envoyé, an envoy, from envoyer, to send. The corresponding Italian word is inviato, an envoy, that is, sent; and the verb inviare, to send. The Spanish is enviado; and the verb enviar, to send. Port. id. Hence envoy is from the root of L. via, Eng. way, contracted from viag, vag, or wag; It. viaggiare, to travel; Sp. viage, way, voyage. Class Bg.]

  1. A person deputed by a prince or government, to negotiate a treaty, or transact other business, with a foreign prince or government. We usually apply the word to a public minister sent on a special occasion, or for one particular purpose; hence an envoy is distinguished from an embassador or permanent resident at a foreign court, and is of inferior rank. But envoys are ordinary and extraordinary, and the word may sometimes be applied to resident ministers.
  2. A common messenger. [Not in use.] Blackmore.
  3. Formerly, a postscript sent with compositions, to enforce them. [Fr. envoi.] Warton.


The office of an envoy. Coventry.

EN'VY, n.

  1. Pain, uneasiness, mortification, or discontent excited by the sight of another's superiority or success, accompanied with some degree of hatred or malignity, and often or usually with a desire or an effort to depreciate the person, and with pleasure in seeing him depressed. Envy springs from pride, ambition or love, mortified that another has obtained what one has a strong desire to possess. Envy and admiration are the Scylla and Charybdis of authors. Pope. All human virtue, to its latest breath, / Finds envy never conquered, but by death. Pope. Emulation differs from envy, in not being accompanied with hatred and a desire to depress a more fortunate person. Envy, to which th' ignoble mind's a slave, / In emulation in the learn'd or brave. Pope. It is followed by of or to. They did this in envy of Cesar, or in envy to his genius. The former seems to be preferable.
  2. Rivalry; competition. [Little used.] Dryden.
  3. Malice; malignity. You turn the good we offer into envy. Shak.
  4. Public odium; ill repute; invidiousness. To discharge the king of the envy of that opinion. Bacon.

EN'VY, v.t. [Fr. envier; Arm. avia; from L. invideo, in and video, to see against, that is, to look with enmity.]

  1. To feel uneasiness, mortification or discontent, at the sight of superior excellence, reputation or happiness enjoyed by another: to repine at another's prosperity; to fret or grieve one's self at the real or supposed superiority of another, and to hate him on that account. Envy not thou the oppressor. Prov. iii. Whoever envies another, confesses his superiority. Rambler.
  2. To grudge; to withhold maliciously. Dryden To envy at, used by authors formerly, is now obsolete. Who would envy at the prosperity of the wicked? Taylor.


  1. Mortification experienced at the supposed prosperity and happiness of another.
  2. Ill will at others on account of some supposed superiority. Gal. v. 21.

EN'VY-ING, ppr.

Feeling uneasiness at the superior condition and happiness of another.

EN-WAL-LOW-ED, a. [from wallow.]

Being wallowed or wallowing. Spenser.

EN-WHEEL', v.t. [from wheel.]

To encircle. Shak.

EN-WID'EN, v.t. [from wide.]

To make wider. [Not used.]

EN-WOMB', v.t. [enwoom'; from womb.]

  1. To make pregnant. [Not used.] Spenser.
  2. To bury; to hide as in a gulf, pit or cavern. Donne.