Dictionary: E-MERG'ENCE, or E-MERG'EN-CY – EM'IS-SA-RY

a | b | c | d | e | f | g | h | i | j | k | l | m | n | o | p | q | r | s | t | u | v | w | x | y | z |



  1. The act of rising out of a fluid or other covering, or surrounding matter.
  2. The act of rising or starting into view; the act of issuing from or quitting. The white color of all refracted light, at its first emergence – is compounded of various colors. Newton.
  3. That which comes suddenly; a sudden occasion; an unexpected event. Most of our rarities have been found out by casual emergency. Glanville.
  4. Exigence; any event or occasional combination of circumstances which calls for immediate action or remedy; pressing necessity. In case of emergency [or in an emergency], he would employ the whole wealth of his empire. Addison.


  1. Rising out of a fluid or any thing that covers or surrounds. The mountains huge appear emergent. Milton.
  2. Issuing or proceeding from. South.
  3. Rising out of a depressed state or from obscurity.
  4. Coming suddenly; sudden; casual; unexpected: hence, calling for immediate action or remedy; urgent; pressing; as, an emergent occasion. Clarendon.


By emerging.

E-MER'IT-ED, a. [L. emeritus.]

Allowed to have done sufficient public service. Evelyn.

EM'E-RODS, n. [with a plural termination. Corrupted from hemorrhoids. Gr. αίμορῥοιδες, from αίμορῥοεω, to labor under a flowing of blood; αίμα, blood, and ῥεω, to flow.]

Hemorrhoids; livid, painful and bleeding tubercles about the anus. The Lord will smite thee – with the emerods. Deut. xxviii.

E-MER'SION, n. [from L. emergo. See Emerge.]

  1. The act of rising out of a fluid or other covering or surrounding substance; opposed to immersion.
  2. In astronomy, the reappearance of a heavenly body after an eclipse; as the emersion of the moon from the shadow of the earth: also, the time of reappearance.
  3. The reappearance of a star, which has been hid by the effulgence of the sun's light.
  4. Extrication. Black.

EM'ER-Y, n. [Fr. emeril, emeri; Sp. esmeril; D. ameril; G. schmergel; Gr. and L. smiris.]

A massive variety of sapphire; its structure finely granular; its color varying from a deep gray to a bluish or blackish gray, sometimes brownish. This is almost indispensable in polishing metals and hard stones. The lapidaries cut ordinary gems on their wheels, by sprinkling them with the moistened powder of emery; but it will not cut the diamond. Hill. Cleaveland.

EM'E-SIS, n. [Gr. infra.]

A vomiting; discharges from the stomach by the mouth.

E-MET'IC, a. [It. and Sp. emetico; Fr. emetique; from Gr. εμεω, to vomit.]

Inducing to vomit; exciting the stomach to discharge its contents by the esophagus and mouth.

E-MET'IC, n.

A medicine that provokes vomiting.

E-MET'IC-AL-LY, adv.

In such a manner as to excite vomiting. Boyle.

EM'E-TIN, n. [See Emetic.]

A white or yellowish powder, supposed to be an alkaloid, which is obtained from various emetic roots.

E'MEW, n.

A name of the cassowary.

EM-I-CA'TION, n. [L. emicatio, emico, from e and mico, to sparkle, that is, to dart.]

A sparkling; a flying off in small particles, as from heated iron or fermenting liquors.

E-MIC'TION, n. [L. mingo, mictum.]

The discharging of urine; urine; what is voided by the urinary passages. Harvey.

EM'I-GRANT, a. [See Emigrate.]

Removing from one place or country to another distant place with a view to reside.


One who removes his habitation, or quits one country or region to settle in another.

EM'I-GRATE, v.i. [L. emigro; e and migro, to migrate.]

To quit one country, state or region and settle in another; to remove from one country or state to another for the purpose of residence. Germans, Swiss, Irish, and Scotch, emigrate, in great numbers, to America. Inhabitants of New England emigrate to the Western States.


Removing from one country or state to another for residence.


Removal of inhabitants from one country or state to another, for the purpose of residence, as from Europe to America, or in America, from the Atlantic States to the Western. The removal of persons from house to house in the same town, state or kingdom, is not called emigration, but simply removal.

EM'I-NENCE, or EM'I-NEN-CY, n. [L. eminentia, from eminens, emineo, to stand or show itself above; e and minor, to threaten, that is, to stand or push forward. See Class Mn, No. 9, 11.]

  1. Elevation, highth, in a literal sense; but usually, a rising ground; a hill of moderate elevation above the adjacent ground. The temple of honor ought to be seated on an eminence. Burke.
  2. Summit; highest part. Ray.
  3. A part rising or projecting beyond the rest, or above the idea. We speak of eminences on any plain or smooth surface.
  4. An elevated situation among men; a place or station above men in general, either in rank, office or celebrity. Merit may place a man on an eminence, and make him conspicious. Eminence is always exposed to envy.
  5. Exaltation; high rank; distinction; celebrity; fame; preferment; conspicuousness. Office, rank and great talents give eminence to men in society. Where men can not arrive at eminence, religion may make compensation, by teaching content. Tillotson.
  6. Supreme degree. Milton.
  7. Notice; distinction. Shak.
  8. A title of honor given to cardinals and others. Encyc.

EM'I-NENT, a. [L. eminens, from emineo.]

  1. High; lofty; as, an eminent place. Ezek. xvi.
  2. Exalted in rank; high in office; dignified; distinguished. Princes hold eminent stations in society, as do ministers, judges and legislators.
  3. High in public estimation; conspicuous; distinguished above others; remarkable; as, an eminent historian or poet; an eminent scholar. Burke was an eminent orator; Watts and Cowper were eminent for their piety.

EM'I-NENT-LY, adv.

In a high degree; in a degree to attract observation; in a degree to be conspicuous and distinguished from others; as, to be eminently learned or useful.

E'MIR, n. [Ar. أَمِيرٌ Emir, a commander, from أمَرَ emara, to command, Heb. אמר, to speak, Ch. Syr. Sam. id.]

A title of dignity among the Turks and Mohammedans denoting a prince; a title at first given to the Caliphs, but when they assumed the title of Sultan, that of Emir remained to their children. At length it was attributed to all who were judged to descend from Mohammed, by his daughter Fatimah. Encyc.


Exploring; spying. B. Jonson.