Dictionary: E-THOL'O-GY – EU-CHLO'RIC

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E-THOL'O-GY, n. [Gr. εθος, or ηθος, manners, morals, and λογος, discourse.]

A treatise on morality or the science of ethics. Owen. Lunier.

E'TI-O-LATE, v.i. [Gr. αιθω, to shine.]

To become white or whiter; to be whitened by excluding the light of the sun, as plants.

E'TI-O-LATE, v.t.

To blanch; to whiten by excluding the sun's rays.

E'TI-O-LA-TED, pp.

Blanched; whitened by excluding the sun's ray.

E'TI-O-LA-TING, ppr.

Blanching; whitening by excluding the sun's rays.


The operation of being whitened or of becoming white by excluding the light of the sun. Fourcroy. Darwin. In gardening, the rendering plants white, crisp, and tender, by excluding the action of light from them. Cyc.


Pertaining to etiology. Arbuthnot.

E-TI-OL'O-GY, n. [Æ-TI-OL'O-GY in 1841 Addenda; Gr. αιτια, cause, and λογος, discourse.]

An account of the causes of any thing, particularly of diseases. Quincy.

ET-I-QUET', n. [etiket'; Fr. etiquette, a ticket; W. tocyn, a little piece or slip, from tociaw, to cut off, Eng. to dock. Originally, a little piece of paper, or a mark or title, affixed to a bag or bundle, expressing its contents.]

Primarily, an account of ceremonies. Hence, in present usage, forms of ceremony or decorum; the forms which are observed toward particular persons, or in particular places, especially in courts, levees, and on public occasions. From the original sense of the word, it may be inferred that it was formerly the custom to deliver cards containing orders for regulating ceremonies on public occasions.

E'TITE, n. [Gr. αετος, an eagle.]

Eagle-stone, a variety of bog iron. [See Eagle-stone.]

ET-NE'AN, a. [from Ætna.]

Pertaining to Etna, a volcanic mountain in Sicily.

ET'TIN, n.

A giant. [Obs.] Beaum.

ET'TLE, v.t.

To earn. [Not in use.] Boucher.

ET'UI, or ET-WEE', n. [or ET-WEE'-CASE. Fr. etui, a case.]

A case for pocket instruments.


An etymologist. [Not in use.] Griffith.

ET-Y-MO-LOG'IC-AL, a. [See Etymology.]

Pertaining to etymology or the derivation of words; according to or by means of etymology. Locke.


According to etymology.


One versed in etymology or the deduction of words from their originals; one who searches into the original of words.


To search into the origin of words; to deduce words from their simple roots. Encyc.

ET-Y-MOL'O-GY, n. [Gr. ετυμος, true, and λογος, discourse.]

  1. That part of philology which explains the origin and derivation of words, with a view to ascertain their radical in primary signification. In grammar, etymology comprehends the various inflections and modifications of words, and shows how they are formed from their simple roots.
  2. The deduction of words from their originals; the analysis of compound words into their primitives.

ET'Y-MON, n. [Gr. ετυμον, from ετυμος, true.]

An original root, or primitive word.

EU'CHA-RIST, n. [Gr. ευχαριστια, a giving of thanks; ευ, well, and χαρις, favor.]

  1. The sacrament of the Lord's supper; the solemn act or ceremony of commemorating the death of our Redeemer, in the use of bread and wine, as emblems of his flesh and blood, accompanied with appropriate prayers and hymns.
  2. The act of giving thanks.


  1. Containing expressions of thanks. Brown.
  2. Pertaining to the Lord's supper.

EU'CHLORE, a. [Gr. ευ, well, and χλωρος, green.]

In mineralogy, having a distinct green color. Mohs.


Of a distinct green color. Euchloric gas, the same as euchlorine. Davy.