Dictionary: TRAV'AIL – TRAV'ES-TI-ED

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TRAV'AIL, v.t.

To harass; to tire; as, troubles sufficient to travail the realm. [Not in use.] Hayward.


Harassed; labored in childbirth.


Laboring with toil; being in parturition. Is. xlii.

TRAVE, or TRAV'IS, n. [Sp. traba; Fr. entraves. See Trammel.]

  1. A wooden frame to confine a horse while the smith is setting his shoes. This is not used for horses in America, but a similar frame is used for confining oxen for shoeing.
  2. A beam; a lay of joists; a traverse. Wood.


  1. A passing on foot; a walking.
  2. Journey; a passing or riding from place to place. His travels ended at his country seat. Dryden.
  3. Travel or travels, a journeying to a distant country or countries. The gentleman has just returned from his travels.
  4. The distance which a man rides in the performance of his official duties; or the fee paid for passing that distance; as, the travel of the sherif is twenty miles; or that of a representative is seventy miles. His travel is a dollar for every twenty miles. United States.
  5. Travels, in the plural, an account of occurrences and observations made during a journey; as, a book of travels; the title of a book that relates occurrences in traveling; as, travels in Italy.
  6. Labor; toil; parturition. [See Travail.]

TRAV'EL, v.i. [a different orthography and application of travail.]

  1. To walk; to go or march on foot; as, to travel from London to Dover, or from New York to Philadelphia. So we say, a man ordinarily travels three miles an hour. [This is the proper sense of the word, which implies toil.]
  2. To journey; to ride to a distant place in the same country; as, a man travels for his health; he is traveling to Virginia. A man traveled from London to Edinburgh in five days.
  3. To go to a distant country, or to visit foreign states or kingdoms, either by sea or land. It is customary for men of rank and property to travel for improvement. Englishmen travel to France and Italy. Some men travel for pleasure or curiosity; others travel to extend their knowledge of natural history.
  4. To pass; to go; to move. News travels with rapidity. Time travels in divers paces with divers persons. Shak.
  5. To labor. [See Travail.]
  6. To move, walk or pass, as a beast, a horse, ox or camel. A horse trawls fifty miles in a day; a camel, twenty.

TRAV'EL, v.t.

  1. To pass; to journey over; as, to travel the whole kingdom of England. I travel this profound. Milton.
  2. To force to journey. The corporations – shall not be traveled forth from their franchises. [Not used.] Spenser.


  1. Gained or made by travel; as, traveled observations. [Unusual.] Quart. Rev.
  2. adj. Having made journeys. Wotton.


  1. One who travels in any way. Job xxxi.
  2. One who visits foreign countries.
  3. In ships, an iron thimble or thimbles with a rope splised round them, forming a kind of tail or species of grommet. Mar. Dict.


  1. Walking; going; making a journey. Matth. xxv.
  2. adj. Incurred by travel; as, traveling expenses.
  3. Paid for travel; as, traveling fees.

TRAV'EL-TAINT-ED, a. [travel and tainted.]

Harassed; fatigued with travel. [Not in use.] Shak.

TRAV'ERS, adv. [Fr. See Traverse.]

Across; athwart. [Not used.] Shak.

TRAV'ERS-A-BLE, a. [See Traverse, in law.]

That may be traversed or denied; as, a traversable allegation.

TRAV'ERSE, a. [Fr. traverse; tra, tras, and L. versus; transversus.]

Lying across; being in a direction across something else; as, paths cut with traverse trenches. Hayward. Oak – may be trusted in traverse work for summers. Wotton.

TRAV'ERSE, adv. [Fr. a travers.]

Athwart; crosswise. The ridges of the field lay traverse. Hayward.

TRAV'ERSE, n. [supra.]

  1. Any thing laid or built across. There is a traverse placed in the loft where she sitteth. Bacon.
  2. Something that thwarts, crosses or obstructs; a cross accident. He is satisfied he should have succeeded, had it not been for unlucky traverses not in his power.
  3. In fortification, a trench with a little parapet for protecting men on the flank; also, a wall raised across a work. Cyc.
  4. In navigation, traverse sailing is the mode of computing the place of a ship by reducing several short courses made by sudden shifts or turns, to one longer course. D. Olmsted.
  5. In law, a denial of what the opposite party has advanced in any stage of the pleadings. When the traverse or denial comes from the defendant, the issue is tendered in this manner, “and of this he puts himself on the country.” When the traverse lies on the plaintif, he prays “this may be inquired of by the country.” Blackstone. The technical words introducing a traverse, are absque hoc, without this; that is, without this which follows.
  6. A turning; a trick.

TRAV'ERSE, prep. [supra.]

Through; crosswise. He traverse / The whole battalion views their order due. [Little used.] Milton.


  1. In fencing, to use the posture or motions of opposition or counteraction. To see thee fight, to see thee traverse. – Shak.
  2. To turn, as on a pivot; to move round; to swivel. The needle of a compass traverses; if it does not traverse well it is an unsafe guide.
  3. In the manege, to cut the tread crosswise, as a horse that throws his croup to one side and his head to the other. – Cyc.


  1. To cross; to lay in a cross direction. The parts should be often traversed or crossed by the flowing of the folds. Dryden.
  2. To cross by way of opposition; to thwart; to obstruct. Frog thought to traverse this new project. Arbuthnot.
  3. To wander over; to cross in traveling; as, to traverse the habitable globe. What seas you travers'd, and what fields you fought. Pope.
  4. To pass over and view; to survey carefully. My purpose is to traverse the nature, principles and properties of this detestablc vice, ingratitude. South.
  5. To turn and point in any direction; as, to traverse a cannon. Cyc.
  6. To plane in a direction across the grain of the wood; as, to traverse a board. Cyc.
  7. In law pleadings, to deny what the opposite party has alledged. When the plaintif or defendant advances new matter, he avers it to be true, and traverses what the other party has affirmed. So to traverse an indictment or an office, is to deny it. To traverse a yard, in sailing, is to brace it aft.

TRAV'ERSE-BOARD, n. [traverse and board.]

In a ship, a small board to be hung in the steerage, and bored full of holes upon lines, showing the points of compass upon it. By moving a peg on this, the steersman keeps an account of the number of glasses a ship is steered on any point. – Cyc. Mar. Dict.


A term in law for one who traverses or opposes a plea.

TRAV'ERSE-TA-BLE, n. [traverse and table.]

In navigation, a table of difference of latitude and departure.


Crossing; passing over; thwarting; turning; denying.


In mineralogy, tufa, or incrustation formed on vegetables or other substances by calcarious depositions. – Lyell. Mantell.


Disguised by dress; turned into ridicule.