Dictionary: TRO'CHE – TROMP

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TRO'CHE, n. [Gr. τροχη, a wheel.]

A form of medicine in a circular cake or tablet, or a stiff paste cut into proper portions and dried. It is made by mixing the medicine with sugar and mucilage, and is intended to be gradually dissolved in the mouth and slowly swallowed, as a demulcent.

TRO'CHEE, n. [L. trochæus; Gr. τροχαιος, from τρεχω.]

In verse, a foot of two syllables, the first long and the second short.


Having power to draw out or turn around.

TRO-CHIL'ICS, n. [Gr. τροχιλια, from τρεχω; L. trochilus.]

The science of rotary motion.

TRO'CHI-LUS, or TRO'CHIL, n. [L. trochilus; Gr. τροχιλος, from τρεχω, to run.]

  1. An aquatic bird, a swift runner, with long legs, which is said to get its meat out of the crocodile's mouth. Ainsworth.
  2. A name given to the golden crowned wren. Cyc.
  3. In zoology, the humming-bird or honey-sucker, a kind of beautiful little birds, natives of America. Cyc.
  4. In architecture, a hollow ring round a column; called also scotia, and by workmen, the casement. Cyc.


The small branches on the top of a deer's head. Cyc.

TRO'CHISCH, n. [Gr. τροχισκος.]

A kind of tablet or lozenge. [See Troche.] Bacon.

TRO'CHITE, n. [L. trochus; Gr. τρεχω, to run.]

  1. In natural history, a kind of figured fossil stone resembling parts of plants, called St. Cuthbert's beads. These stones are usually of a brownish color; they break like spar, and are easily dissolved in vinegar. Their figure is generally cylindrical, sometimes a little tapering. Two, three or more of these joined, constitute an entrochus. Cyc.
  2. Fossil remains of the shells called trochus.

TROCH'LE-A, n. [L. a pulley, from Gr. τρεχω, to run.]

A pulley-like cartilage, through which the tendon of the trochleary muscle passes. Coxe. Parr.

TROCH'LE-A-RY, a. [from L. trochlea.]

Pertaining to the trochlea; as, the trochleary muscle, the superior oblique muscle of the eye; the trochleary nerve, the pathetic nerve, which goes to that muscle. Parr.

TRO'CHOID, n. [Gr. τροχος, L. trochus, from τρεχω, to run, and ειδος.]

In geometry, a curve generated by the motion of a wheel; the cycloid. Cyc.

TROD, or TROD'DEN, pp. [of Tread.]

Jerusalem shall be trodden down by the Gentiles. Luke xxi.

TROD, v. [pret. of Tread.]


Tread; footing. [Obs.] Spenser.

TRODE, v. [old pret. of Tread.]

TROG'LO-DYTE, n. [Gr. τρωγλη, a cavern, and δυω, to enter.]

The Troglodytes were a people of Ethiopia, represented by the ancients as living in caves, about whom we have maay fables. Cyc.

TROLL, v.i.

  1. To roll; to run about; as, to troll in a coach and six. Swift.
  2. Among anglers, to fish for pikes with a rod whose line runs on a wheel or pulley. Gay. Cyc.

TROLL, v.t. [G. trollen; W. troliaw, to troll, to roll; troelli, to turn, wheel or whirl; troell, a wheel, a reel; trol, a roller. It is probably formed on roll.]

To move in a circular direction; to roll; to move volubly; to turn; to drive about. They learn to roll the eye, and troll the tongue. Anon. Troll about the bridat bowl. B. Jonson.


Rolled; turned about.


Rolling; turning; driving about; fishing with a rod and reel.

TROL'LOP, n. [G. trolle; from troll, strolling.]

A stroller; a loiterer; a woman loosely dressed; a slattern.


Formerly a loose dress for females. [Obs.] Goldsmith.

TROL'MY-DAMES, n. [Fr. trou-madame.]

The game of nine holes. Shak.

TROM'BONE, n. [It.]

A deep-toned instrument of the trumpet kind, consisting of three tubes; the first, to which the mouth-piece is attached, and the third, with a bell, are placed side by side; the middle tube is doubled and slides into the other two like the tube of a telescope. By the slide of the tube it commands every semitone throughout its whole compass, and surpasses every other instrument in admitting, like the violin or the voice, the introduction of the slide. Prof. Fitch.

TROMP, n. [See Trumpet.]

A blowing machine formed of a hollow tree, used in furnaces.