Dictionary: TROMP'IL – TRO-POL'O-GY

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An aperture in a tromp.

TRO'NA, n.

A native sesquicarbonate of soda, found on the banks of the soda lakes of Sukena, in Africa. Brande.


Formerly, a toll or duty paid for weighing wool. Cyc.


An officer in London, whose business was to weigh wool.

TRON'CO, n. [L. truncus.]

A term in Italian music, directing a note or sound to be cut short, or just uttered and then discontinued. Cyc.


A provincial word in some parts of England for a small drain. Cyc.

TROOP, n. [Fr. troupe; It. truppa; Sp. and Port. tropa; Dan. and D. trop; G. trupp; Sw. tropp. The Gaelic trapan, a bunch or cluster, is probably the same word. The sense is a crowd, or a moving crowd.]

  1. A collection of people; a company; a number; a multitude. Gen. xlix. 2 Sam. xxiii. Hos. vii. That which should accompany old age, / As honor, love, obedience, troops of friends, / I must not look to have. Shak.
  2. A body of soldiers. But applied to infantry, it is now used in the plural, troops, and this word signifies soldiers in general, whether more or less numerous, including infantry, cavalry and artillery. We apply the word to a company, a regiment or an army. The captain ordered his troops to halt; the colonel commanded his troops to wheel and take a position on the flank; the general ordered his troops to attack; the troops of France amounted to 400,000 men.
  3. Troop, in the singular, a small body or company of cavalry, light horse or dragoons, commanded by a captain.
  4. A company of stage-players. Coxe's Russ.

TROOP, v.i.

  1. To collect in numbers. Armies at the call of trumpet, / Troop to their standard. Milton.
  2. To march in a body. I do not, as an enemy to peace, / Troop in the throngs of military men. Shak.
  3. To march in haste or in company. Shak. Chapman.


A private or soldier in a body of cavalry; a horse soldier.


Moving together in a crowd; marching in a body.

TROPE, n. [L. tropus; Gr. τροπος, from τρεπω, to turn; W. trova, a turn, a tropic; trovâu, to turn.]

In rhetoric, a word or expression used in a different sense from that which it properly signifies; or a word changed from its original signification to another, for the sake of giving life or emphasis to an idea, as when we call a stupid fellow an ass, or a shrewd man a fox. Tropes are chiefly of four kinds, metaphor, metonymy, synecdoche, and irony. Some authors make figures the genus, of which trope is a species; others make them different things, defining trope to be a change of sense, and figure to be any ornament, except what becomes so by such change.

TRO'PHI, n. [plur. Gr. τροφος, one who feeds.]

In entomology, the parts employed in feeding.

TRO'PHI-ED, a. [from trophy.]

Adorned with trophies. The trophied arches, storied halls invade. – Pope.


Pertaining to the Grecian architect Trophonius or his cave, or his architecture. – Dwight.

TRO'PHO-SPERM, n. [Gr. τροφος, one who feeds, a nurse, and σπερμα, seed.]

In botany, that part of the ovary from which the ovules arise. It is most commonly called placenta, sometimes spermaphore, and sometimes receptacle of the seeds. – Lindley.

TRO'PHY, n. [L. tropæum; Gr. τροπαιον; Fr. trophée; Sp, and It. trofeo.]

  1. Among the ancients, pile of arms taken from a vanquished enemy, raised on the field of battle by the conquerors; also, the representation of such a pile in marble, on medals and the like; or according to others, trophies were trees planted in conspicuous places of the conquered provinces, and hung with the spoils of the enemy, in memory of the victory. Hence,
  2. Any thing taken and preserved as a memorial of victory, as arms, flags, standards and the like, taken from an enemy. Around the posts hung helmets, darts and spears, / And captive chariots, axes, shields and bars, / And broken beaks of ships, the trophies of their wars. – Dryden.
  3. In architecture, an ornament representing the stem of a tree, charged or encompassed with arms and military weapons, offensive and defensive. Cyc.
  4. Something that is evidence of victory; memorial of conquest. Present every hearer to Christ as a trophy of grace.


A duty paid in England annually by house-keepers, toward providing harness, drums, colors, &c. for the militia. Cyc.

TROP'IC, n. [Fr. tropique; L. tropicus; from the Gr. τροπη, a turning; τρεπω, to turn.]

  1. In astronomy, a circle of the sphere drawn through a solstitial point, parallel to the equator; or the line which bounds the sun's declination from the equator north or south. This declination is twenty-three degrees and a half nearly. There are two tropics; the tropic of Cancer, on the north of the equator, and the tropic of Capricorn on the south.
  2. Tropics, in geography, are two lesser circles of the globe, drawn parallel to the equator through the beginning of Cancer and of Capricorn.


  1. Pertaining to the tropics; being within the tropics; as, tropical climates; tropical latitudes; tropical heat; tropical winds.
  2. Incident to the tropics; as, tropical diseases.
  3. [from trope.] Figurative; rhetorically changed from its proper or original sense. The foundation of all parables is some analogy or similitude between the tropical or allusive part of the parable, and the thing intended by it. South. Tropical writing or hieroglyphic, is such as represents a thing by qualities which resemble it. Warburton.


In a tropical or figurative manner. Enfield.


The time between the sun's leaving a tropic and its return to it; or from the longest day in one year to the longest day in the next.


An aquatic fowl of the genus Phaeton, with a long slender tail and remarkable powers of flight. Ed. Encyc.

TRO'PIST, n. [from trope.]

One who explains the Scriptures by tropes and figures of speech; one who deals in tropes.

TRO-PO-LOG'IC-AL, a. [See Tropology.]

Varied by tropes; changed from the original import of the words.

TRO-POL'O-GY, n. [Gr. τροπος, trope, and λογος, discourse.]

A rhetorical mode of speech, including tropes, or change from the original import of the word. Brown.