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TAW'ING, ppr.

Dressing, as white leather.


The quality of being tawny.

TAW'NY, a. [Fr. tanné, from tanner, to tan.]

Of a yellowish dark color, like things tanned, or persons who are sun-burnt; as, a tawny Moor or Spaniard; the tawny sons of Numidia; the tawny lion. Addison. Milton.

TAX, n. [Fr. taxe; Sp. tasa; It. tassa; from L. taxo, to tax. If from the Gr. ταξις, τασσω, the root was tago, the sense of which was to set, to thrust on. But this is doubtful. It may be allied to task.]

  1. A rate or sum of money assessed on the person or property of a citizen by government, for the use of the nation or state. Taxes, in free governments, are usually laid upon the property of citizens according to their income, or the value of their estates. Tax is a term of general import, including almost every species of imposition on persons or property for supplying the public treasury, as tolls, tribute, subsidy, excise, impost, or customs. But more generally, tax is limited to the sum laid upon polls, lands, houses, horses, cattle, professions and occupations. So we speak of a land tax, a window tax, a tax on carriages, &c. Taxes are annual or perpetual.
  2. A sum imposed on the persons and property of citizens to defray the expenses of a corporation, society, parish or company; as, a city tax, a county tax, a parish tax, and the like. So a private association may lay a tax on its members for the use of the association.
  3. That which is imposed; a burden. The attention that he gives to public business is a heavy tax on his time.
  4. Charge; censure. Clarendon.
  5. Task.

TAX, v.t. [L. taxo; Fr. taxer; It. tassare.]

  1. To lay, impose or assess upon citizens a certain sum of money or amount of property, to be paid to the public treasury, or to the treasury of a corporation or company, to defray the expenses of the government or corporation, &c. We are more heavily taxed by our idleness, pride and folly, than we are taxed by government. Franklin.
  2. To load with a burden or burdens. The narrator – never taxes our faith beyond the obvious bounds of probability. J. Sparks.
  3. To assess, fix or determine judicially, as the amount of cost on actions in court; as, the court taxes bills of cost.
  4. To charge; to censure; to accuse; usually followed by with; as, to tax a man with pride. He was taxed with presumption. Men's virtues I have commended as freely as I have taxed their crimes. Dryden. [To tax of a crime, is not in use, nor to tax for. Both are now improper.]


  1. That may be taxed; liable by law to the assessment of taxes; as, taxable estate. By the laws of some states, polls are not taxable after the age of seventy.
  2. That may be legally charged by a court against the plaintif or defendant in a suit; as, taxable costs.


The state of being taxable.

TAX'A-BLY, adv.

In a taxable manner.

TAX-A'TION, n. [Fr. from L. taxatio.]

  1. A taxing; the act of laying a tax, or of imposing taxes on the subjects of a state by government, or on the members of a corporation or company by the proper authority. Taxation is probably the most difficult subject of legislation.
  2. Tax; sum imposed. [Little used.] He daily such taxations did exact. Daniel.
  3. Charge; accusation. [Little used.] Shak.
  4. The act of taxing or assessing a bill of cost.

TAX'ED, pp.

Rated; assessed; accused.

TAX'ER, n.

  1. One who taxes.
  2. In Cambridge, two officers chosen yearly to see the true gauge of weights and measures observed. Cyc.

TAX'I-ARCH, n. [Gr. ταξιαρχης; ταξις, order, and αρχος, chief.]

An Athenian military officer commanding a taxis or battalion. Mitford.


A person skilled in preparing and preserving the skins of animals, so as to represent their natural appearance.

TAX'I-DER-MY, n. [Gr. ταξις, order, and δερμα, skin.]

The art of preparing and preserving the skins of animals, for cabinets, so as to represent their natural appearance.


The act of laying a tax; taxation. Luke ii.

TAX'ING, ppr.

Imposing a tax; assessing, as a bill of cost; accusing.

TAX-ON'O-MY, n. [Gr. ταξις, order, and νομος, law.]

  1. That department of natural history which treats of the laws and principles of classification.
  2. The laws or principles themselves of classification.

TEA, n. [Chinese, tcha or tha. Grosier. Russ. tshai; Sp. te; It. ; Fr. thé.]

  1. The leaves of the tea-tree as dried and imported. There are several kinds of tea, as imperial tea, hyson and young hyson, called green teas; souchong and bohea, called black teas, &c.
  2. A decoction or infusion of tea leaves in boiling water. Tea is a refreshing beverage.
  3. Any infusion or decoction of vegetables; as, sage tea; chamomile tea, &c.

TEA-BOARD, n. [tea and board.]

A board to put tea furniture on.

TEA-CAN-IS-TER, n. [tea and canister.]

A canister or box in which tea is kept.

TEACH, n. [Ir. and Gaelic, teagham, to heat.]

In sugar works, the last boiler. Edwards, W. Ind.

TEACH, v.i.

To practice giving instruction; to perform the business of a preceptor. The heads thereof judge for reward, and the priests thereof teach for hire. Mic. iii.

TEACH, v.t. [pret. and pp. taught. Sax. tæcan, to teach, and to take; L. doceo; Ir. deachtaim, to teach, to dictate; Gaelic, deachdam, which seems to be the L. dico, dicto, and both these and the Gr. δεικω, to show, may be of one family; all implying sending, passing, communicating, or rather leading, drawing.]

  1. To instruct; to inform; to communicate to another the knowledge of that of which he was before ignorant. He will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths. Is. ii. Lord, teach us to pray, as John also taught his disciples. Luke ix.
  2. To deliver any doctrine, art, principles or words for instruction. One sect of ancient philosophers taught the doctrines of stoicism, another those of epicureanism. In vain they worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men. Matth. xv.
  3. To tell; to give intelligence. Tusser.
  4. To instruct, or to practice the business of an instructor; to use or follow the employment of a preceptor; as, a man teaches school for a livelihood.
  5. To show; to exhibit so as to impress on the mind. If some men teach wicked things, it must be that others may practice them. South.
  6. To accustom; to make familiar. They have taught their tongue to speak lies. Jer. ix.
  7. To inform or admonish; to give previous notice to. For he taught his disciples, and said – Mark ix.
  8. To suggest to the mind. For the Holy Spirit shall teach you in that same hour what ye ought to say. Luke xii.
  9. To signify or give notice. He teacheth with his fingers. Prov. vi.
  10. To counsel and direct. Hab. ii.


That may be taught; apt to learn; also readily receiving instruction; docile. We ought to bring our minds free, unbiased and teachable, to learn our religion from the word of God. Watts.


The quality of being capable of receiving instruction; more generally, a willingness or readiness to be informed and instructed; docility; aptness to learn.