Dictionary: TOOT – TO'PARCH-Y

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TOOT, v.t.

To sound; as, to toot the horn.


One who plays upon a pipe or horn. B. Jonson.

TOOTH, n. [plur. Teeth. Sax. toth, plur. teth. It corresponds with W. did and têth, a teat, Gaelic, did, dead, and with toot, supra; signifying a shoot. If n is not radical in the L. dens, Gr. οδους, οδοντος, this is the same word.]

  1. A bony substance growing out of the jaws of animals, and serving as the instrument of mastication. The teeth are also very useful in assisting persons in the utterance of words, and when well formed and sound, they are ornamental. The teeth of animals differ in shape, being destined for different offices. The front teeth in men and quadrupeds are called incisors, or incisive or cutting teeth; next to these are the pointed teeth, called laniary, canine or dog teeth; and on the sides of the jaws are the molar teeth or grinders.
  2. Taste; palate. These are not dishes for thy dainty tooth. Dryden.
  3. A tine; a prong; something pointed and resembling an animal tooth; as, the tooth of a rake, a comb, a card, a harrow, a saw, or of a wheel. The teeth of a wheel are sometimes called cogs, and are destined to catch corresponding parts of other wheels. Tooth and nail, [by biting and scratching,] with one's utmost power; by all possible means. L'Estrange. To the teeth, in open opposition; directly to one's face. That I shall live, and tell him to his teeth. Shak. To cast in the teeth, to retort reproachfully; to insult to the face. Hooker. In spite of the teeth, in defiance of opposition; in opposition to every effort. Shak. To show the teeth, to threaten. When the taw shows her teeth, but dares not bite. Young.

TOOTH, v.t.

  1. To furnish with teeth; as, to tooth a rake.
  2. To indent; to cut into teeth; to jag; as, to tooth a saw.
  3. To lock into each other. Moxon.

TOOTH-ACHE, n. [tooth and ache.]

Pain in the teeth.


A shrub of the genes Nanthoxylum. Lee.

TOOTH'-DRAW-ER, n. [tooth and draw.]

One whose business is to extract teeth with instruments. Wiseman.


The act of extracting a tooth; the practice of extracting teeth.

TOOTH'ED, pp. [or adj.]

Having teeth or jaws. In botany, dentate; having projecting points, remote from each other, about the edge. Martyn. Smith.

TOOTH'EDGE, n. [tooth and edge.]

The sensation excited by grating sounds, and by the touch of certain substances. Darwin. Tingling uneasiness, almost amounting to pain, in the teeth, from stridulous sounds, vellication, or acid or acrid substances. Good.


Palatable. [Not in use.]


Having no teeth. Dryden.


In botany, denticulate; having very small teeth or projecting points; as a leaf. Martyn.

TOOTH'PICK, or TOOTH'PICK-ER, n. [tooth and pick.]

An instrument for cleaning the teeth of substances lodged between them. Shak.


Palatable; grateful to the taste. Carew.


Pleasantness to the taste.


A plant whose roots resemble human teeth, such as the Lathræa squamaria, various species of Dentaria, the Corallorrhiza innata, &c. This name is also given to the lead-wort, of the genus Plumbago, from its toothed corol. Cyc.


Toothed; having teeth. Croxall.

TOOT'ING, ppr.

Sounding in a particular manner, as a horn.

TOP, n. [Sax. top; D. and Dan. top; Sw. topp; W. tob or top; topiaw, to top, to form a crest.]

  1. The highest part of any thing; the upper end, edge or extremity; as, the top of a tree; the top of a spire; the top of a house; the top of a mountain.
  2. Surface; upper side; as, the top of the ground.
  3. The highest place; as, the top of preferment. Locke. Swift.
  4. The highest person; the chief. Shak.
  5. The utmost degree. The top of my ambition is to contribute to that work. Pope. If you attain the top of your desires in fame. Pope.
  6. The highest rank. Each boy strives to be at the top of his class, or at the top of the school.
  7. The crown or upper surface of the head. Shak.
  8. The hair on the crown of the head; the forelock. Shak.
  9. The head of a plant. Watts.
  10. [G. topf.] An inverted conoid which children play with by whirling it on its point, continuing the motion with a whip. Shak.
  11. In ship-building, a sort of platform, surrounding the head of the lower mast and projecting on all sides. It serves to extend the shrouds, by which means they more effectually support the mast; and in ships of war, the top furnishes a convenient stand for swivels and small arms to annoy the enemy. Cyc.

TOP, v.i.

  1. To rise aloft; to be eminent; as, lofty ridges and topping mountains. Derham.
  2. To predominate; as, topping passions; topping uneasiness.
  3. To excel; to rise above others. But write thy best and top. Dryden.

TOP, v.t.

  1. To cover on the top; to tip; to cap. A mount / Of alabaster, topp'd with golden spires. Milton. Mountains topp'd with snow. Waller.
  2. To rise above. A gourd – climbing by the boughs twined about them, till it topp'd and covered the tree. L'Estrange. Topping all others in boasting. Shak.
  3. To outgo; to surpass.
  4. To crop; to take off the top or upper part. Top your rose-trees a little with your knife near a leaf-bud. Evelyn. So in America we say, to top corn, that is maiz, by cutting off the stalk just above the ear.
  5. To rise to the top of; as, he topped the hill. Denham.
  6. To perform eminently. [Not in use.]

TO'PAN, n.

A name of the horned Indian rhinoceros bird, the Buceros rhinoceros, of the Passerine order. Cyc.

TO'PARCH, n. [Gr. τοπος, place, and αρχος, a chief.]

The principal man in a place or country.


A little state, consisting of a few cities or towns; a petty country governed by a toparch. Judea was formerly divided into ten toparchies.