Dictionary: TIV'ER – TOCK'AY

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TIV'ER, n.

A kind of ocher which is used in marking sheep in some parts of England. [Local.] Cyc.

TIV'ER, v.t.

To mark sheep with titer, in different ways and for different purposes. [Local.]


The act or practice of marking with tiver. [Local.] Cyc.

TIV'ER-ING, ppr.

Marking with tiver. [Local.]

TIV'Y, adv. [See Tantivy.]

With great speed; a huntsman's word or sound. Dryden.

TME'SIS, n. [Gr.]

A figure by which a compound word is separated by the intervention of one or more words; as quæ meo cunque animo, for quæcunque meo animo.

TO, prep. [Sax. to; D. te or toe; G. zu; Ir. and Gaelic, do; Corn. tho. This is probably a contracted word, but from what verb it is not easy to ascertain. The sense is obvious; it denotes passing, moving toward. The pronunciation is to or too, and this depends much on its application or its emphasis.]

  1. Noting motion toward a place; opposed to from, or placed after another word expressing motion toward. He is going to church.
  2. Noting motion toward a state or condition. He is going to a trade; he is rising to wealth and honor.
  3. Noting accord or adaptation; as, an occupation suited to his taste; she has a husband to her mind.
  4. Noting address or compellation, or the direction of a discourse. These remarks were addressed to a large audience. To you, my noble lord of Westmoreland; / I pledge your grace. Shak.
  5. Noting attention or application. Go, buckle to the law. Dryden. Meditate on these things; give yourself wholly to them. 1 Tim. iv.
  6. Noting addition. Add to your faith, virtue. 2 Pet. i. Wisdom he has, and to his wisdom, knowledge. Denham.
  7. Noting opposition. They engaged hand to hand.
  8. Noting amount, rising to. They met us, to the number of three hundred.
  9. Noting proportion; as, three is to nine as nine is to twenty seven. It is ten to one that you will offend by your officiousness.
  10. Noting possession or appropriation. We have a good seat; let us keep it to ourselves.
  11. Noting perception; as, a substance sweet to the taste; an event painful to the mind.
  12. Noting the subject of an affirmation. I have a king's oath to the contrary. Shak.
  13. In comparison of. All that they did was piety to this. B. Jonson.
  14. As far as. Few of the Esquimaux can count to ten. Quart. Rev.
  15. Noting intention. Marks and points out each man of us to slaughter. B. Jonson. [In this sense, for is now used.]
  16. After an adjective, noting the object; as, deaf to the cries of distress; alive to the sufferings of the poor. He was attentive to the company, or to the discourse.
  17. Noting obligation; as, duty to God, and to our parents.
  18. Noting enmity; as, a dislike to spirituous liquors.
  19. Toward; as, she stretched her arms to heaven. Dryden.
  20. Noting effect or end. The prince was flattered to his ruin. He engaged in a war to his cost. Violent factions exist to the prejudice of the state. Numbers were crowded to death. Clarendon.
  21. To, as a sign of the infinitive, precedes the radical verb. Sometimes it is used instead of the ancient form, for to, noting purpose. David in his life-time intended to build a temple. The legislature assembles annually to make and amend laws. The court will sit in February to try some important causes.
  22. It precedes the radical verb after adjectives, voting the object; as, ready to go; prompt to obey; quiet to hear, but slow to censure.
  23. It precedes the radical verb, noting the object. The delay of our hopes teaches us to mortify our desires. Smallridge.
  24. It precedes the radical verb, noting consequence. I have done my utmost to lead my life so pleasantly as to forget my misfortunes. Pope.
  25. It notes extent, degree or end. He languishes to death, even to death. The water rises to the highth of twenty feet. The line extends from one end to the other.
  26. After the substantive verb, and with the radical verb, it denotes futurity. The construction, we are to meet at ten o'clock, every man at death is to receive the reward of his deeds, is a particular form of expressing future time.
  27. After have, it denotes duty or necessity. I have a debt to pay on Saturday.
  28. To-day, to-night, to-morrow, are peculiar phrases derived from our ancestors. To in the two first, has the sense or force of this; this day, this night. In the last, it is equivalent to in or on; in or on the morrow. The words may be considered as compounds, to-day, to-night, to-morrow, and usually as adverbs. But sometimes they are used as nouns; as, to-day is ours. Cowley. To and fro, backward and forward. In this phrase, to is adverbial. To the face, in presence of; not in the absence of. I withstood him face to face. Gal. ii. To-morrow, to-morrow, and to-morrow; / Creeps in this petty pace from day to day. Shak. Note. In the foregoing explanation of to, it is to be considered that the definition given is not always the sense of to by itself, but the sense rather of the word preceding it, or connected with it, or of to in connection with other words. In general, to is used in the sense of moving toward a place, or toward an object, or it expresses direction toward a place, end, object or purpose. To is often used adverbially to modify the sense of verbs; as, to come to; to heave to. The sense of such phrases is explained under the verbs respectively. In popular phrases like the following, “I will not come; you shall to, or too,” a genuine Saxon phrase, to denotes moreover, besides, L. insuper.

TOAD, n. [Sax. tade, tadige.]

A paddoc; a batrachian reptile, of the genus Bufo, a small clumsy animal, the body warty and thick, perfectly harmless, and indeed it is said to be useful in gardens by feeding on noxious insects.


A vulgar name given to a fawning, obsequious parasite; a mean sycophant.

TOAD-FISH, n. [toad and fish.]

A fish of the genus Lophius, the fishing frog. Cyc.

TOAD-FLAX, n. [toad and flax.]

A plant the Linaria vulgaris, or calves' snout.


Like a toad. [Not used.] Stafford.

TOAD-STONE, n. [toad and stone.]

In mineralogy, a sort of trap-rock, of a brownish gray color. The toad-stone of Derbyshire is generally a dark brown basaltic amygdaloid, composed of basalt and green earth, and containing oblong cavities filled with calcarious spar. Cyc.

TOAD-STOOL, n. [toad and stool.]

A mushroom, a plant which commonly grows in moist and rich grounds.


  1. Bread dried and scorched by the fire; or such bread dipped in melted butter, or in some liquor. Dry toast is bread scorched, or it is scorched bread with butter spread upon it. Soft toast is made by immersing toasted bread in melted butter, and called dipped toast.
  2. A female whose health is drank in honor or respect. The wise man's passion, and the vain man's toast. Pope.
  3. He or that which is named in honor in drinking.

TOAST, v.t. [Sp. and Port. tostar, to toast or roast. Qu. are these from the L. tostus?]

  1. To dry and scorch by the heat of a fire; as, to toast bread or cheese. [It is chiefly limited in its application to these two articles.]
  2. To warm thoroughly; as, to toast the feet. [Not much used.]
  3. To name when a health is drank; to drink to the health in honor of; as, to toast a lady. Addison writes “to wish the health;” a form of expression I believe not now used.


Scorched by heat; named in drinking the health.


  1. One who toasts.
  2. An instrument for toasting bread or cheese.


Scorching by fire; drinking to the honor of.

TO-BAC'CO, n. [perhaps from Tabaco, a province of Yucatan, in Spanish America, where it was first found by the Spaniards. But this account of its origin is very doubtful. Las Casas says that in the first voyage of Columbus the Spaniards saw in Cuba many persons smoking dry herbs or leaves rolled up in tubes called tabacos. Charlevoix, in his History of St. Dominique, says that the instrument used in smoking was called tabaco.]

A plant, a native of America, of the genus Nicotiana, much used for smoking and chewing and in snuff. As a medicine, it is narcotic, emetic and cathartic; and it possesses two additional powers at least, if not more. Tobacco has a strong disagreeable smell, and an acrid taste. When first used it sometimes occasions vomiting, &c. but the practic of using it in any form, soon conquers distaste, and forms a relish for it that is strong and almost unconquerable.


A dealer in tobacco; also, a manufacturer of tobacco.

TO-BAC'CO-PIPE, n. [Tobacco and pipe.]

A pipe used for smoking tobacco, often made of clay and baked, sometimes of other material.


A species of clay; called also cimolite.


A name of the Syngnathus Acus of Linnnæus; called also needle-fish. Cyc.


A species of spotted lizard in India. Cyc.