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Without thriving; extravagantly.


A state of being thriftless.


  1. Frugal; sparing; using economy and good management of property. I am glad he has so much youth and vigor left, of he has not been thrifty. Swift.
  2. More generally, thriving by industry and frugality; prosperous in the acquisition of worldly goods; increasing in wealth; as a thrifty farmer or mechanic.
  3. Thriving; growing rapidly or vigorously; as a plant.
  4. Well husbanded. I have five hundred crowns, / The thrifty hire I sav'd under your father. Shak.

THRILL, n. [See the Verb.]

  1. A drill.
  2. A warbling. [See Trill.]
  3. A breathing place or hole. Herbert.

THRILL, v.t.

  1. To pierce; to penetrate; as something sharp; particularly, to cause a tingling sensation that runs through the system with a slight shivering; as, a sharp sound thrills through the whole frame. Addison. A faint cold fear thrills through my veins. Shak.
  2. To feel a sharp shivering sensation running through the body. To seek sweet safety out / In vaults and prisons; and to thrill and shake. Shak.

THRILL, v.t. [Sax. thyrlian, thirlian; D. drillen, to drill, to bore; trillen, to shiver, pant, quaver; G. drillen, to drill; triller, a shake; trillern, to trill; Dan. driller, to bore, to drill; trilder, Sw. trilla, to roll; Dan. trille, a trill; W. troliaw; to troll or roll; all probably of one family, from the root of roll. See Drill.]

  1. To bore; to drill; to perforate by turning a gimlet or other similar instrument. But in the literal sense, drill is now chiefly or wholly used. Spenser used it literally in the clause, “with thrill point of iron brand.”
  2. To pierce; to penetrate; as something sharp. The cruel word her tender heart so thrill'd, / That sudden cold did run through every vein. Spenser. A servant that he bred, thrill'd with remorse. Shak.


Penetrated; pierced.


  1. Perforating; drilling.
  2. Piercing; penetrating; having the quality of penetrating; passing with a tingling, shivering sensation.
  3. Feeling a tingling, shivering sensation running through the system.


With thrilling sensations.


The quality of being thrilling.

THRILL'INGS, n. [plur.]

Thrilling sensations.

THRING, v.t.

To press, crowd or throng. [Not used.] Chaucer.


A fish of the shad and herring kind, whose flesh is considered as being sometimes poisonous. It is found in the waters of intertropical America, India, &c.

THRIVE, v. [pret. thrived; pp. thrived, thriven. Dan. trives, to thrive, to increase; Sw. trifvas. It may belong to the family of trip, to hasten, or to that of drive.]

  1. To prosper by industry, economy and good management of property; to increase in goods and estate. A farmer thrives by good husbandry. When the body of laboring may thrive, we pronounce the state prosperous. Diligence and humility is the way to thrive in the riches of the understanding, as well as in gold. Watts.
  2. To prosper in any business; to have increase or success. O son, why sit we here, each other viewing / Idly, while Satan, our great author thrives? Milton. They by vices thrive. Sandys.
  3. To grow; to increase in bulk or stature; to flourish. Young cattle thrive in rich pastures; and trees thrive in a good soil.
  4. To grow; to advance; to increase or advance in any thing valuable.


One that prospers in the acquisition of property.


  1. Prospering in worldly goods.
  2. adj. Being prosperous or successful; advancing in wealth; increasing; growing; as, a thriving mechanic; a thriving trader.


In a prosperous way.


Prosperity; growth; increase. Decay of Piety.

THRO, prep.

A contraction of Through, not now used.

THROAT, n. [Sax. throta, throte; D. strote; Russ. grud.]

  1. The anterior part of the neck of an animal, in which are the gullet and windpipe or the passages for the food and breath. In medicine, the fauces; all that hollow or cavity in the part of the mouth which may be seen when the mouth is wide open. Cyc.
  2. In seamen's language, that end of a gaff which is next the mast. Mar. Dict.
  3. In ship-building, the inside of the knee-timber at the middle or turns of the arms; also, the inner part of the arms of an anchor where they join the shank; and the middle part of a floor-timber. Cyc. Throat-brails, brails attached to the gaff close to the mast. Throat-halliards, are those that raise the throat of the gaff. Mar. Dict.

THROAT, v.t.

To mow beams in a direction against their bending. [Local.] Cyc.

THROAT-PIPE, n. [throat and pipe.]

The windpipe, wensand, or trachea.

THROAT-WORT, n. [throat and wort.]

A plant of the genus Campanula, a perennial weed common in pasture-ground; also, a plant of the genus Trachelium. Cyc. Lee.


Guttural. Howell.


A beat or strong pulsation; a violent beating of the heart and arteries; a palpitation. Thou talk'st like one who never felt / Th' impatient throbs and longings of a soul / That pants and reaches after distant good. Addison.