Dictionary: TU'MU-LATE – TUN-ED

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TU'MU-LATE, v.i.

To swell. [Not in use.]

TU-MU-LOS'I-TY, n. [infra.]

Hilliness. Bailey.

TU'MU-LOUS, a. [L. tumulosus.]

Full of hills. Bailey.

TU'MULT, n. [L. tumultus, a derivative from tumeo, to swell.]

  1. The commotion, disturbance, or agitation of a multitude, usually accompanied with great noise, uproar, and confusion of voices. What meaneth the noise of this tumult? 1 Sam. iv. Till in loud tumult all the Greeks arose. Pope.
  2. Violent commotion or agitation, with confusion of sounds; as, the tumult of the elements. Spectator.
  3. Agitation; high excitement; irregular or confused motion; as, the tumult of the spirits or passions.
  4. Bustle; stir.

TU'MULT, v.i.

To make a tumult; to be in great commotion. Milton.

TU-MULT'U-A-RI-LY, adv. [from tumultuary.]

In a tumultuary or disorderly manner.


Disorderly or tumultuous conduct; turbulence; disposition to tumult. K. Charles.

TU-MULT'U-A-RY, a. [Fr. tumultuaire; from L. tumultus.]

  1. Disorderly; promiscuous; confused; as, a tumultuary conflict. K. Charles.
  2. Restless; agitated; unquiet. Men who live without religion, live always in a tumultuary and restless state. Atterbury.

TU-MULT'U-ATE, v.i. [L. tumultuo.]

To make a tumult. [Not used.] South.


Commotion; irregular or disorderly movement; as, the tumultuation of the parts of a fluid. Boyle.

TU-MULT'UOUS, a. [Fr. tumultueux.]

  1. Conducted with tumult; disorderly; as, a tumultuous conflict; a tumultuous retreat.
  2. Greatly agitated; irregular; noisy; confused; as, a tumultuous assembly or meeting.
  3. Agitated; disturbed; as, a tumultuous breast.
  4. Turbulent; violent; as, a tumultuous speech.
  5. Full of tumult and disorder; as, a tumultuous state or city. Sidney.


In a disorderly manner; by a disorderly multitude.


The state of being tumultuous; disorder; commotion.


An artificial hillock raised over those who were buried in ancient times. Hence tomb.

TUN, n. [Sax. tunna, Sw. tunna, a cask; Fr. tonne, tonneau; Ir. tonna; Arm. tonnell; Sp. and Port. tonel, tonelada; G. tonne; D. ton; W. tynell, a barrel or tun. This word seems to be from the root of L. teneo, to hold, Gr. τεινω, to stretch, W. tyn, stretched, strained, tight, tynâu, to strain, to tighten; and this seems also to be the Sax. tun, a town, for this word signifies also a garden, evidently from inclosing, and a class, from collecting or holding.]

  1. In a general sense, a large cask; an oblong vessel bulging in the middle, like a pipe or puncheon, and girt with hoops.
  2. A certain measure for liquids, as for wine, oil, &c.
  3. A quantity of wine, consisting of two pipes or four hogsheads, or 252 gallons. In different countries, the tun differ in quantity.
  4. 1n commerce, the weight of twenty hundreds gross, each hundred consisting of 112lb. = 2240lb. But by a law of Connecticut, passed June, 1827, gross weight is abolished and a tun is the weight of 2000lb. It is also a practice it New York to sell by 2000lb. to the tun.
  5. A certain weight by which the burden of a ship is estimated; as, a ship of three hundred tuns, that is, a ship that will carry three hundred times two thousand weight. Forty-two cubic feet are allowed to a tun.
  6. A certain quantity of timber, consisting of forty solid feet if round, or fifty-four feet, if square. Cyc.
  7. Proverbially, a large quantity. Shak.
  8. In burlesque, a drunkard. Dryden.
  9. At the end of names, tun, ton, or don, signifies town, village, or hill.

TUN, v.t.

To put into casks. Bacon. Boyle.

TU'NA-BLE, a. [from tune.]

  1. Harmonious; musical. And turnable as sylvan pipe or song. Milton.
  2. That may be put in tune.


Harmony; melodiousness.

TU'NA-BLY, adv.

Harmoniously; musically.

TUN'-BEL-LI-ED, a. [tun and belly.]

Having a large, protuberant belly. Entick.

TUN'-DISH, n. [tun and dish.]

A tunnel.

TUNE, n. [Fr. ton; It. tuono; D. toon; W. ton; Ir. tona; L. tonus. It is a different spelling of tone, – which see.]

  1. A series of musical notes in some particular measure, and consisting of a single series, for one voice or instrument the effect of which is melody; or a union of two or more series or parts to be sung or played in concert, the effect of which is harmony. Thus we say, a merry tune, a lively tune, a grave tune, a psalm tune, a martial tune.
  2. Sound; note. – Shak.
  3. Harmony; order; concert of parts. A continual parliament I thought would but keep the commonweal in tune. – K. Charles.
  4. The state of giving the proper sounds; as when we say, harpsichord is in tune; that is, when the several chords are of that tension, that each gives its proper sound, and the sounds of all are at due intervals, both of tones and semitones.
  5. Proper state for use or application; right disposition; fit temper or humor. The mind is not in tune for mirth. A child will learn three times as fast when he is in tune, as he will when he is dragged to his task. – Locke.

TUNE, v.i.

  1. To form one sound to another. While tuning to the waters' fall, / The small birds sang to her. – Drayton.
  2. To utter inarticulate harmony with the voice.

TUNE, v.t.

  1. To put into a state adapted to produce the proper sounds; as, to tune a forte-piano; to tune a violin. Tune your harps. – Dryden.
  2. To sing with melody or harmony. Fountains, and ye that warble as ye flow / Melodious murmurs, warbling tune his praise. – Milton. So we say of birds, they tune their notes or lays.
  3. To put into a state proper for any purpose, or adapted to produce a particular effect. [Little used.] – Shak.

TUN-ED, pp.

Uttered melodiously or harmoniously; put in order to produce the proper sounds.