Dictionary: SA-LAM' – SAL'I-FY

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SA-LAM', n. [Oriental, peace or safety.]

A salutation or compliment of ceremony or respect. [Not in use.] Herbert.

SAL'A-MAN-DER, n. [L. and Gr. salamandra.]

The popular name of a genus of batrachian reptiles, having some affinities with lizards, but more with frogs. Salamanders have an elongated body, four feet, and a long tail, which gives them the general form of lizards; but then they have all the characters of batrachians. Salamander's hair or wool, a name given to a species of asbestos or mineral flax; I believe no longer used.


Pertaining to or resembling a salamander; enduring fire. – Spectator.

SAL-AMMONIAC, n. [Sal ammoniac.]

Chlorid of ammonium. The native sal ammoniac is of two kinds, volcanic and conchoidal. – Ure.


Enjoying a salary.

SAL'A-RY, n. [Fr. salaire; It. and Sp. salario; L. salarium; said to be from sal, salt, which was part of the pay of Roman soldiers.]

The recompense or consideration stipulated to be paid to a person for services, usually a fixed sum to be paid by the year, as to governors, magistrates, settled clergymen, instructors of seminaries, or other officers, civil or ecclesiastical. When wages are stated or stipulated by the month, week, or day, we do not call the compensation salary, but pay or wages; as in the case of military men and laborers.

SALE, a.

Sold; bought; as opposed to homemade. [Colloquial.]

SALE, n. [W. sal, a pass, a cast or throw, a sale; Sax. sal, sale; sellan, sylan, syllan, gesyllan, to give, yield, grant, impart, deliver, also to sell. The primary sense of sell, is simply to deliver or cause to pass from one person to another; Sw. sälja, Dan. sælger, to sell.]

  1. The act of selling; the exchange of a commodity for money of equivalent value. The exchange of one commodity for another is barter or permutation, and sale differs from barter only in the nature of the equivalent given.
  2. Vent; power of selling; market. He went to market, but found no sale for his goods.
  3. Auction; public sale to the highest bidder, or exposure of goods in market. [Little used.] Temple.
  4. State of being venal, or of being offered to bribery; as, to set the liberty of a state to sale. Addison.
  5. A wicker basket. [Qu. Sax. sælan, to bind.] Spenser.

SAL-E-BROS'I-TY, n. [See Salebrous.]

Roughness or ruggedness of a place or road. Feltham.

SAL'E-BROUS, a. [L. salebrosus, from salebra, a rough place; probably allied to salio, to shoot out.]

Rough; rugged; uneven. [Little used.]

SAL'EP, n. [said to be a Turkish word; written also salop, saloop, and saleb.]

In the materia medica, the dried root of a species of Orchis; also, a preparation of this root to be used as food. – Fourcroy. Parr.

SAL-E-RA'TUS, n. [sal and aeratus.]

A carbonate of potash, containing a greater quantity of carbonic acid than pearlash, used in cookery.

SALES-MAN, n. [sale and man.]

  1. One that sells clothes ready made. – Swift.
  2. One who finds a market for the goods of another person.


Work or things made for sale; hence, work carelessly done. This last sense is a satire on man. – Shak.

SAL'IC, a. [Echard deduces this word from sala, a house, and the law, from the circumstance that a male only could inherit his father's mansion and the court or land inclosed. Montesq. B. 18.]

The Salic law of France is a fundamental law, by virtue of which males only can inherit the throne.

SAL'I-CIN, n. [L. salix, willow.]

A bitter crystalizable substance extracted from willow bark. Its ultimate elements are carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. – Brande.

SA'LI-ENT, a.1 [L. saliens, salio, to leap.]

  1. Leaping; an epithet in heraldry applied to a lion or other beast, represented in a leaping posture, with his right foot in the dexter point, and his hinder left foot in the sinister base of the escutcheon, by which it is distinguished from rampant. – Harris.
  2. In fortification, projecting; as, a salient angle. A salient angle points outward, and is opposed to a re-entering angle, which points inward. – Encyc.

SA'LI-ENT, a.2 [L. saliens, from salio, to leap or shoot out.]

  1. Leaping; moving by leaps; as frogs. – Brown.
  2. Beating; throbbing; as the heart. – Blackmore.
  3. Shooting out or up; springing; darting; as, a salient sprout. – Pope.

SA'LI-ENT-LY, adv.

In a salient manner.

SA-LIF'ER-OUS, a.1 [L. sal, salt, and fero, to produce.]

Producing or bearing salt; as, saliferous rock. – Eaton.


Producing or containing salt. [1841 Addenda only.]

SAL'I-FI-A-BLE, a. [from salify.]

Capable of combining with an acid to form a salt. Salifiable bases are metallic oxyds, alkaloids, &c.


The act of salifying.

SAL'I-FI-ED, pp.

Formed into a salt by combination with an acid.

SAL'I-FY, v.t. [L. sal, salt, and facio, to make.]

To form into a salt, by combining an acid with a base.