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SHIM'MER, v.i. [Sax. scymrian; G. schimmern; D. schemeren; Dan. skimter.]

To gleam; to glisten. [Not in use.] Chaucer.

SHIN, n. [Sax. scina, scyne, shin, and scin-ban, shin-bone; G. schiene, schiene-bein; D. scheen, scheen-been; Sw. skenben.]

The fore part of the leg, particularly of the human leg; the fore part of the crural bone, called tibia. This bone being covered only with skin, may be named from that circumstance; skin-bone; or it may be formed from the root of chine, edge.


  1. Fair weather. Be it fair or foul, rain or shine. – Dryden.
  2. Brightness; splendor; luster; gloss. The glittering shine of gold. – Decay of Piety. Fair op'ning to some court's propitious shine. – Pope. [Not elegant.]

SHINE, v.i. [pret. shined or shone; pp. shined or shone. Sax. scinan; D. schuynen; G. scheinen; Sw. skina. If s is a prefix, this word accords with the root of L. canus, caneo; W. càn, white, bright. See Cant.]

  1. To emit rays of light; to give light; to beam with steady radiance; to exhibit brightness or splendor; as, the sun shines by day; the moon shines by night. Shining differ from sparkling, glistening, glittering, as it usually implies steady radiation or emission of light, whereas the latter words usually imply irregular or interrupted radiation. This distinction is not always observed, and we may say, the fixed stars shine, as well as that they sparkle. But we never say, the sun or the moon sparkles.
  2. To be bright; to be lively and animated; to be brilliant. Let thine eyes shine forth in their full luster. – Denham.
  3. To be unclouded; as, the moon shines. – Bacon.
  4. To be glossy or bright, as silk. Fish with their fins and shining scales. – Milton.
  5. To be gay or splendid. So proud she shined in her princely state. – Spenser.
  6. To be beautiful. Once brightest shin'd this child of heat and air. – Pope.
  7. To be eminent, conspicuous or distinguished; as, to shine in courts. – Phil. ii. Few are qualified to shine in company. – Swift.
  8. To give light, real or figurative. The light of righteousness bath not shined to us. – Wisdom.
  9. To manifest glorious excellencies. – Ps. lxxx.
  10. To be clearly published. – Is. ix.
  11. To be conspicuously displayed; to be manifest. Let your light so shine before men. Matth. v. To cause the face to shine, to be propitious. – Num. vi. Ps. lxvii.


SHIN'GLE, n. [G. schindel; Gr. σχινδαλμος; L. scindula, from scindo, to divide, G. scheiden.]

  1. A thin board sawed or rived for covering buildings. Shingles are of different lengths, with one end made much thinner than the other for lapping. They are used for covering roofs and sometimes the body of the building.
  2. Round, water-worn and loose gravel and pebbles, or a collection of roundish stones, on shores and coasts. The plain of La Crau in France, is composed of shingle. – Pinkerton.

SHIN'GLE, v.t.

To cover with shingles; as, to shingle a roof.


Covered with shingles.


Having a roof covered with shingles. – Blackwood.

SHIN'GLES, n. [L. cingulum.]

A kind of herpes, viz. Herpes zoster, which spreads around the body like a girdle; an eruptive disease. – Arbuthnot.


Covering with shingles.


Abounding with gravel or shingle.


Effusion or clearness of light; brightness. – 2 Sam. xxiii.

SHIN-ING, ppr.

  1. Emitting light; beaming; gleaming.
  2. adj. Bright; splendid; radiant.
  3. Illustrious; distinguished; conspicuous; as, a shining example of charity.


Brightness; splendor. – Spenser.

SHIN-Y, a.

Bright; luminous; clear; unclouded. Like distant thunder on a shiny day. – Dryden.


as a termination [-SHIP], denotes state or office; as in lordship. – Steward.



SHIP, n. [Sax. scip, seyp; D. schip; G. schiff, Sw. skepp; Dan. skib; L. scapha; from the root of shape; Sax. sceapian, scippan, scyppan, to create, form or build.]

In a general sense, a vessel or building of a peculiar structure, adapted to navigation, or floating on water by means of sails. In an appropriate sense, a building of a structure or form fitted for navigation, furnished with a bowsprit and three masts, a main-mast, a fore-mast and a mizzen-mast, each of which is composed of a lower-mast, a top-mast, and top-gallant-mast, and square rigged. Ships are of various sizes and fitted for various uses; most of them however fall under the denomination of ships of war and merchants' ships.

SHIP, v.t. [Sax. scipian.]

  1. To put on board of a ship or vessel of any kind; as to ship goods at Liverpool for New York.
  2. To transport in a ship; to convey by water. The sun no sooner shall the mountains touch, / But we will ship him hence. – Shak.
  3. To receive into a ship or vessel; as, to ship a seas. – Mar. Dict. To ship the oars, to place them in the row-locks. – Mar. Dict. To ship off, to send away by water; as, to ship off convicts.

SHIP'BOARD, adv. [ship and board.]

  1. To go on shipboard or a shipboard is to go aboard; to enter a ship; to embark; literally, to go over the side. It is a peculiar phrase, and not much used. Seamen say, to go aboard or on board. To be on shipboard, to be in a ship; but seamen generally say, aboard or on board.
  2. n. The plank of a ship. – Ezek. xxvii. [Not now used.]

SHIP'BOY, n. [ship and boy.]

A boy that serves on board of a ship.


A broker who procures insurance on ships.

SHIP'-BUILD-ER, or SHIP'-BILD-ER, n. [ship and builder.]

A man whose occupation is to construct ships and other vessels; a naval architect; a shipwright.

SHIP'-BUILD-ING, or SHIP'-BILD-ING, n. [ship and build.]

Naval architecture; the art of constructing vessels for navigation, particularly ships and other vessels of a large kind, bearing masts; distinction from boat-building.