Dictionary: SOL'ACE – SOLE

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SOL'ACE, v.t. [It. sollazzare, from L. solatium; solor, to comfort, assuage, relieve. See Console.]

  1. To cheer in grief or under calamity; to comfort; to relieve in affliction; to console; applied to persons; as, to solace one's self with the hope of future reward.
  2. To allay; to assuage; as, to solace grief.

SOL'AC-ED, pp.

Comforted; cheered in affliction.


Act of comforting; state of being solaced.

SOL'AC-ING, ppr.

Relieving grief; cheering in affliction.


Affording comfort or amusement. [Not in use.]

SO-LAND'ER, n. [Fr. soulandres.]

A disease in horses. – Dict.


The gannet, (Pelecanus bassanus,) an aquatic fowl found on the coasts a Great Britain and Ireland. It is nearly of the size of the domestic goose. – Encyc.

SO-LAN'IN-A, or SOL'A-NINE, n. [L. solanum, nightshade.]

A vegetable alkaloid, obtained from various species of Solanum, as S. dulcamara, S. nigrum, S. tuberosum, etc.

SO-LA'NO, n.

A hot S. E. wind in Spain which produces inflammatory effects on men.

SO-LA'NUM, n. [L.]

A genus of plants comprehending the potatoe, egg plant, nightshade, &c.

SO'LAR, or SO'LA-RY, a. [Fr. solaire; L. solaris, from sol, the sun, W. sûl, Fr. soleil, It. sole, Sp. sol.]

  1. Pertaining to the sun; as, the solar system; or proceeding from it; as, solar light; solar rays; solar influence.
  2. Belonging to the sun; as, solar herbs. [Not used.]
  3. In astrology, born under the predominant influence of the sun; as, a solar people. [Obs.] – Dryden.
  4. Measured by the progress of the sun, or by its revolution; as, the solar year. Solar flowers, are those which open and shut daily, at certain determinate hours. – Linnæus. Solar spots, dark spots that appear on the sun's disk, usually visible only by the telescope, but sometimes so large as to be seen by the naked eye. They adhere to the body of the sun; indicate its revolutions on its axis; are very changeable in their figure and dimensions; and vary in size from mere points to spaces of 50,000 miles in diameter.

SOLD, n. [from the root of soldier; Norm. soude.]

Salary; military pay. [Not in use.] – Spenser.

SOLD, v. [pret. and pp. of Sell.]


for Sultan, [not in use.] – Milton.

SOLD'AN-EL, n. [L. Convolvulus soldanella.]

A plant.


A metallic cement. [See Soder.]

SOL'DER, v.t. [from L. solido, solidus.]

To unite by a metallic cement. [See Soder.]

SOL'DIER, n. [sōljur; Fr. soldat; Norm. soudeyer, soudiers; It. soldato; Sp. soldado; from L. solidus, a piece of money; the pay of a soldier; Norm. soud, contracted from sould, pay, wages; soudoyer, to keep in pay; Sw. besolda, to count out money to, to pay; Dan. besolder, to give a salary or wages.]

  1. A man engaged in military service; one whose occupation is military; a man enlisted for service in an army; a private, or one in the ranks. There ought to be some time for sober reflection between the life of a soldier and his death. – Rambler.
  2. A man enrolled for service, when on duty or embodied for military discipline; a private; as, a militia soldier.
  3. Emphatically, a brave warrior; a man of military experience and skill, or a man of distinguished valor. In this sense, an officer of any grade may be denominated a soldier. – Shak.


A female soldier. [Not in use.] – Beaum.


Like or becoming a real soldier; brave; martial; heroic; honorable.


Military qualities; military character or state; martial skill; behavior becoming a soldier. – Shak.


  1. Soldiers collectively; the body of military men. I charge not the soldiery with ignorance and contempt of learning, without exception. – Swift.
  2. Soldiership; military service. [Obs.] – Sidney.

SOLE, a. [L. solus; Fr. seul; It. and Sp. solo; probably from separating; Ar. زَالَ zaula. Class Sl, No. 3.]

  1. Single; being or acting without another; individual; only. God is the sole creator and sovereign of the world.
  2. In law, single; unmarried; as, a femme sole.

SOLE, n. [Sax. sol; D. zool; G. sohle; Dan. sole; Fr. id.; It. suolo, soil and sole; Sp. suela, the sole of the foot, and suolo, soil; L. solea, solum; that which sets or is set or laid. The radical sense coincides with that of sill.]

  1. The bottom of the foot; and by a figure, the foot itself. – Shak. Spenser.
  2. The bottom of a shoe; or the piece of leather which constitutes the bottom. The caliga was a military shoe with a very thick sole, tied above the instep. – Arbuthnot.
  3. The part of any thing that forms the bottom, and on which it stands upon the ground. Elm is proper for mills, soles of wheels and pipes. – Mortimer.
  4. A marine fish of the genus Pleuronectes, so called probably because it keeps on or near the bottom of the sea. These fish abound on the British coast, and hence the name of sole bank, to the southward of Ireland. This fish sometimes grows to the weight of six or seven pounds. – Dict. Nat. Hist.
  5. In ship-building, a sort of lining, used to prevent the wearing of any thing.
  6. A sort of horn under a horse's hoof. – Encyc.

SOLE, v.t.

To furnish with a sole; as, to sole a shoe.