Dictionary: STON-I-NESS – STOP

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STON-I-NESS, n. [from stony.]

  1. The quality of abounding with stones; as, the stoniness of ground renders it difficult to till.
  2. Hardness of heart. – Hammond.

STON'ING, ppr.

Pelting with stones; walling with stones.

STON-Y, a. [D. steenig; G. steinig; Sw. steneg.]

  1. Made of stone; as, a stony tower. – Shak.
  2. Consisting of stone; as, a stony cave. Milton.
  3. Full of stones; abounding with stones; as, stony ground.
  4. Petrifying; as, the stony dart of senseless cold. – Spenser.
  5. Hard; cruel; unrelenting; pitiless; as, a stony heart. – Milton.
  6. Insensible; obdurate; perverse; morally hard.


Hard-hearted. – Scott.

STOOD, v. [pret. of Stand.]

STOOK, n.1 [W. ystwc, a shock of grain.]

A small collection of sheaves set up in the field. [In England, a stook is twelve sheaves.]

STOOK, n.2 [Scotch.]

A number of sheaves set up.

STOOK, v.t.

To set up sheaves of grain in stooks. [Local.]


The act of setting up sheaves of grain in stooks or shocks.

STOOL, n. [Sax. stol, Goth. stols, a seat, a throne; G. stuhl, a stool, a stock, a pew, a chair, the see of a bishop; D. and Dan. stoel, id.; Sw. stol; W. ystal. This coincides with stall and still. A stool is that which is set, or a seat; Russ. prestol, a throne.]

  1. A seat without a back; a little form consisting of a board with three or four legs, intended as a seat for one person. – Watts.
  2. The seat used in evacuating the contents of the bowels; hence, an evacuation; a discharge from the bowels.
  3. [L. stolo.] A sucker; a shoot from the bottom of the stem or the root of a plant. – Edwards' W. Indies. Stool of repentance, in Scotland, an elevated seat in the church, on which persons sit as a punishment for fornication and adultery. – Johnson.

STOOL, v.i.

In agriculture, to ramify; to tiller, as grain; to shoot out suckers.

STOOL'-BALL, n. [stool and ball.]

A play in which balls are driven from stool to stool. – Prior.

STOOM, v.t.

To put bags of herbs or other ingredients into wine, to prevent fermentation. [Local.] – Chambers.

STOOP, n.1

  1. The act of bending the body forward; inclination forward.
  2. Descent from dignity or superiority; condescension. Can any loyal subject see / With patience such a stoop from sovereignty? – Dryden.
  3. Fall of a bird on his prey.

STOOP, n.2 [D. stoep, a step.]

The steps of a door. In New England, a stoop has a balustrade and seats on the sides.

STOOP, n.3 [Sax. stoppa; D. stoop, a measure of about two quarts; Sw. stop, measure of about three pints.]

  1. A vessel of liquor; as, a stoop of wine or ale. Denham. – King.
  2. A post fixed in the earth. [Local.]

STOOP, v.i. [Sax. stupian; D. stuipen.]

  1. To bend the body downward and forward; as, to stoop to pick up a book.
  2. To bend or lean forward; to incline forward in standing or walking. We often see men stoop in standing or walking, either from habit or from age.
  3. To yield; to submit; to bend by compulsion; as, Carthage at length stooped to Rome. – Dryden.
  4. To descend from rank or dignity; to condescend. In modern days, attention to agriculture is not called stooping in men of property. Where men of great wealth stoop to husbandry, it multiplieth riches exceedingly. – Bacon.
  5. To yield; to be inferior. These are arts, my prince, / In which our Zama does not stoop to Rome. – Addison.
  6. To come down on prey, as a hawk. The bird of Jove stoop'd from his airy tour, / Two birds of gayest plume before him drove. – Milton.
  7. To alight from the wing. And stoop with closing pinions from above. – Dryden.
  8. To sink to a lower place. Cowering low / With blandishments, each bird stoop'd on his wing. – Milton.

STOOP, v.t.

  1. To cause to incline downward; to sink; as to stoop a cask of liquor.
  2. To cause to submit. [Little used.]


Caused to lean.


One that bends the body forward. – Sherwood.


Bending the body forward; yielding; submitting; condescending; inclining.


With a bending of the body forward.

STOOR, v.i.

To rise in clouds, as dust or smoke; from the Welsh ystwr, a stir. [Local.]


A small silver coin in Holland, value 2 ½ stivers. – Encyc.

STOP, n.

  1. Cessation of progressive motion; as, to make a stop. – L'Estrange.
  2. Hinderance of progress; obstruction; act of stopping. Occult qualities put a stop to the improvement of natural philosophy. – Newton.
  3. Repression; hinderance of operation or action. It is a great step toward the mastery of our desires, to give this stop to them. – Locke.
  4. Interruption. These stops of thine fright me the more. – Shak.
  5. Prohibition of sale; as, the stop of wine and salt. – Temple.
  6. That which obstructs; obstacle; impediment. A fatal stop travers'd their headlong course. – Daniel. So melancholy a prospect should inspire us with zeal to oppose some stop to the rising torrent. – Rogers.
  7. The instrument by which the sounds of wind music are regulated; as, the stops of a flute or an organ.
  8. Regulation of musical chords by the fingers. In the stops of lutes, the higher they go, the less distance is between the frets. – Bacon.
  9. The act of applying the stops in music. Th' organ-sound a time survives the stop. – Daniel.
  10. A point or mark in writing, intended to distinguish the sentences, parts of a sentence or clauses, and to show the proper pauses in reading. The stops generally used, as is the comma, semi-colon, colon and period. To these may be added the marks of interrogation and exclamation.