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One that entreats; a petitioner who asks earnestly and submissively. The wise supplicant left the event to God. – Rogers.


To entreat; to beseech; to implore; to petition with earnestness and submission. A man can not brook to supplicate or beg. – Bacon.

SUP'PLI-CATE, v.t. [L. supplico; sub and plico. See Suppliant.]

  1. To entreat for; to seek by earnest prayer; as, to supplicate blessings on Christian efforts to spread the Gospel.
  2. To address in prayer; as, to supplicate the throne of grace.


Entreating; imploring.


By way of supplication.

SUP-PLI-CA'TION, n. [Fr. from L. supplicatio.]

  1. Entreaty; humble and earnest prayer in worship. In all our supplications to the Father of mercies, let us remember a world lying in ignorance and wickedness.
  2. Petition; earnest request.
  3. In Roman antiquity, a religious solemnity observed in consequence of some military success. It consisted in sacrifices, feasting, offering thanks, and praying for a continuance of success. – Encyc.


Containing supplication; humble; submissive. – Johnson.

SUP-PLI'ED, pp. [from supply.]

Fully furnished; having a sufficiency.


He that supplies.

SUP-PLIES, a. [plur.]

Things supplied in sufficiency. In England, moneys granted by parliament for public expenditure.

SUP-PLY', n.

Sufficiency for wants given or furnished. The poor have a daily supply of food; the army has ample supplies of provisions and munitions of war. Customs, taxes, and excise constitute the supplies of revenue.

SUP-PLY', v.t. [L. suppleo; sub and pleo, disused, to fill; Fr. suppleer; Sp. suplir; It. supplire.]

  1. To fill up, as any deficiency happens; to furnish what is wanted; to afford or furnish a sufficiency; as, to supply the poor with bread and clothing; to supply the daily wants of nature; to supply the navy with masts and spars; to supply the treasury with money. The city is well supplied with water. I wanted nothing fortune could supply. – Dryden.
  2. To serve instead of. Burning ships the banish'd sun supply. – Waller.
  3. To give; to bring or furnish. Nearer care supplies / Sighs to my breast, and sorrow to my eyes. – Prior.
  4. To fill vacant room. The sun was set, and Vesper to supply / His absent beams, had lighted up the sky. – Dryden.
  5. To fill; as, to supply a vacancy.
  6. In general, to furnish; to give or afford what is wanted. Modern infidelity supplies no such motives. – Rob. Hall.


Yielding or furnishing what is wanted; affording a sufficiency.


A furnishing. [Not in use.] – Shak.


  1. The act or operation of upholding or sustaining.
  2. That which upholds, sustains or keeps from falling, as prop, a pillar, a foundation of any kind.
  3. That which maintains life; as, food is the support of life, of the body, of strength. Oxygen or vital air has bee supposed to be the support of respiration and of heat in the blood.
  4. Maintenance; subsistence; as, an income sufficient for the support of a family; or revenue for the support of army and navy.
  5. Maintenance; an upholding; continuance in any state, or preservation from falling, sinking or failing; as, taxes necessary for the support of public credit; a revenue for the support of government.
  6. In general, the maintenance or sustaining of any this without suffering it to fail, decline or languish; as, the support of health, spirits, strength or courage; the support of reputation, credit, &c.
  7. That which upholds or relieves; aid; help; succor; assistance.

SUP-PORT, v.t. [Fr. supporter; It. sopportare; L. supporto; sub and porto, to carry.]

  1. To bear; to sustain; to uphold; as, a prop or pillar supports a structure; an abutment supports an arch; the stem of a tree supports the branches. Every edifice must have a foundation to support it; a rope or cord supports a weight.
  2. To endure without being overcome; as, to support pain, distress, or misfortunes. This fierce demeanor and his insolence, / The patience of a God could not support. – Dryden.
  3. To bear; to endure; as, to support fatigues or hardships; to support violent exertions. The eye will not support the light of the sun's disk.
  4. To sustain; to keep from fainting or sinking; as, to support the courage or spirits.
  5. To sustain; to act or represent well; as, to support the character of King Lear; to support the part assigned.
  6. To bear; to supply funds for or the means of continuing; as, to support the annual expenses of government.
  7. To sustain; to carry on; as, to support a war or a contest; to support an argument or debate.
  8. To maintain with provisions and the necessary means of living; as, to support a family; to support a son in college to support the ministers of the Gospel.
  9. To maintain; to sustain; to keep from failing; as, support life; to support the strength by nourishment.
  10. To sustain without change or dissolution; as, clay supports an intense heat.
  11. To bear; to keep from sinking; as, water supports ships and other bodies; supports a balloon.
  12. To bear without being exhausted; to be able to pay; as, to support taxes or contributions.
  13. To sustain; to maintain; as, to support good character.
  14. To maintain; to verify; to make good; to substantiate. The testimony is not sufficient to support the charges; the evidence will not support the statements or allegations; the impeachment is well supported by evidence.
  15. To uphold by aid or countenance; as, to support a friend or a party.
  16. To vindicate; to maintain; to defend successfully; to be able to support one's own cause.

SUP-PORT-A-BLE, a. [Fr.]

  1. That may be upheld or sustained.
  2. That may be borne or endured; as, the pain is supportable or not supportable. Patience renders evils supportable.
  3. Tolerable; that may be borne without resistance or punishment; as, such insults are not supportable.
  4. That can be maintained; as, the cause or opinion is supportable.


The state of being tolerable. – Hammond.


In a supportable manner.


Maintenance; support. [Not in use.]


Maintenance; support. [Not in use.]


Borne; endured; upheld; maintained; subsisted; sustained; carried on.


  1. One that supports or maintains.
  2. That which supports or upholds; a prop, a pillar, &c. The sockets and supporters of flowers are figured. – Bacon.
  3. A sustainer; a comforter. The saints have a companion and supporter in all their miseries. – South.
  4. A maintainer; a defender. Worthy supporters of such a reigning impiety. – South.
  5. One who maintains or helps to carry on; as, the supporter of a war.
  6. An advocate; a defender; a vindicator; as, the supporters of religion, morality, justice, &c.
  7. An adherent; one who takes part; as, the supporter of a party or faction.
  8. In ship-building, a knee placed under the cat-head.
  9. Supporters, in heraldry, are figures of beasts that appear to support the arms. – Johnson.


Abounding with support. [Not used.]


Bearing; enduring; upholding; sustaining; maintaining; subsisting; vindicating.