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SUB-IN-FEU-DA'TION, n. [sub and infeudation. See Feud.]

  1. In law, the act of enfeoffing by a tenant or feofee, who holds lands of the crown; the act of a greater baron, who grants land or a smaller manor to an inferior person. By 34 Edward III. all subinfeudations previous to the reign of king Edward I. were confirmed. – Blackstone.
  2. Under tenancy. The widow is immediate tenant to the heir, by a kind of subinfeudation or under tenancy. – Blackstone.

SUB-IN-GRES'SION, n. [L. sub and ingressus.]

Secret entrance. [Not in use.] – Boyle.

SUB-I-TA'NE-OUS, a. [L. subitaneus.]

Sudden; hasty.


Sudden. [Not in use.]

SU-BI-TO, a.

in music, quick.

SUB-JA'CENT, a. [L. subjacens; sub and jaceo, to lie.]

  1. Lying under or below.
  2. Being in a lower situation, though not directly beneath. A man placed on a hill, surveys the subjacent plain.

SUB'JECT, a. [L. subjectus, from subjicio; sub and jacio, to throw, that is, to drive or force; It. suggetto; Sp. sujeto.]

  1. Placed or situate under. The eastern tower / Whose hight commands, as subject, all the vale, / To see the fight. – Shak.
  2. Being under the power and dominion of another; as, Jamaica is subject to Great Britain. Esau was never subject to Jacob. – Locke.
  3. Exposed; liable from extraneous causes; as, a county subject to extreme heat or cold.
  4. Liable from inherent causes; prone; disposed. All human things are subject to decay. – Dryden.
  5. Being that on which any thing operates, whether intellectual or material; as, the subject-matter of a discourse. – Dryden.
  6. Obedient. – Tit. iii. Col. ii.

SUB'JECT, n. [L. subjectus; Fr. sujet; It. suggetto.]

  1. One that owes allegiance to a sovereign, and is governed by his laws. The natives of Great Britain are subjects of the British government. The natives of the United States, and naturalized foreigners, are subjects of the federal government. Men in free governments are subjects as well a citizens; as citizens, they enjoy rights and franchises; a subjects, they are bound to obey the laws. The subject must obey his prince, because God commands it, and human laws require it. – Swift.
  2. That on which any mental operation is performed; that which is treated or handled; as, a subject of discussion before the legislature; a subject of negotiation. This subject for heroic song pleas'd me. – Milton. The subject of a proposition is that concerning which any thing is affirmed or denied. – Watts.
  3. That on which any physical operation is performed; a subject for dissection or amputation.
  4. That in which any thing inheres or exists. Anger is certainly a kind of baseness, as it appears well in the weakness of those subjects in whom it reigns. – Bacon.
  5. The person who is treated of; the hero of a piece. Authors of biography are apt to be prejudiced in favor their subject. – Middleton.
  6. In grammar, the nominative case to a verb passive.
  7. In music, the principal melody or theme of a movement.

SUB-JECT', v.t.

  1. To bring under the power or dominion of. Alexander subjected a great part of the civilized world to his dominion. Firmness of mind that subjects every gratification of sense to the rule of right reason. – Middleton.
  2. To put under or within the power of. In one short view subjected to our eye, / Gods, emperors, heroes, sages, beauties lie. – Pope.
  3. To enslave; to make obnoxious. He is the most subjected, the most enslaved, who is so in his understanding. – Locke.
  4. To expose; to make liable. Credulity subjects a person to impositions.
  5. To submit; to make accountable. God is not bound to subject his ways of operation to the scrutiny of our thoughts. – Locke.
  6. To make subservient. Subjected to his service angel wings. – Milton.
  7. To cause to undergo; as, to subject a substance to a white heat; to subject it to a rigid test.


Reduced to the dominion of another; enslaved; exposed; submitted; made to undergo.


Reducing to submission; enslaving; exposing; submitting; causing to undergo.


  1. The act of subduing; the act of vanquishing and bringing under the dominion of another. The conquest of the kingdom and the subjection of the rebels. – Hale.
  2. The state of being under the power, control, and government of another. The safety of life, liberty and property depends on our subjection to the laws. The isles of a West Indies are held in subjection to the powers of Europe. Our appetites and passions should be in subjection to our reason, and our will should be in entire subjection to the laws of God.


Relating to the subject, as opposed to the object. Certainty is distinguished into objective and subjective; objective, is when the proposition is certainly true of itself; and subjective, is when we are certain of the truth of it. – Watts.


In relation to the subject. – Pearson.


State of being subjective.

SUB-JOIN', v.t. [sub and join; L. subjungo.]

To add at the end; to add after something else has been said or written; as, to subjoin an argument or reason. [It is never used in a literal physical sense, to express the joining of material things.]


Added after something else said or written.


Adding after something else said or written.

SUB-JUDICE, a. [or adv.; sub judice; L.]

Before the judge; not decided.

SUB'JU-GATE, v.t. [Fr. subjuguer; L. subjugo; sub and jugo, to yoke. See Yoke.]

To subdue and bring under the yoke of power or dominion; to conquer by force, and compel to submit to the government or absolute control of another. He subjugated a king, and called him his vassal. – Baker. [Subjugate differs from subject only in implying a reduction to a more tyrannical or arbitrary sway; but they are often used as synonymous.]


Reduced to the absolute control of another.


Conquering and bringing under the absolute power of another.


The act of subduing and bringing under the power or absolute control of another.


The act of subjoining, or state of being subjoined. – Clarke.

SUB-JUNC'TIVE, a. [L. subjunctivus; Fr. subjonctif; It. soggiunto; See Subjoin.]

  1. Subjoined or added to something before said or written.
  2. In grammar, designating a form of verbs which follow other verbs or words expressing condition, hypothesis, or contingency; as “veni ut me videas,” I came that you may see me; “Si fecerint æquum,” If they should do what is just.
  3. Subjunctive is often used as a noun denoting the subjunctive mode.