Dictionary: SHOP'MAN – SHORT'EN

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SHOP'MAN, n. [shop and man.]

  1. A petty trader. – Dryden.
  2. One who serves in a shop. – Johnson.


Visiting shops for the purchase of goods.

SHORE, n.1 [Sax. score.]

The coast or land adjacent to the ocean or sea, or to a large lake or river. This word is applied primarily to the land, contiguous to water; but it extends also to the ground near the bonder of the sea or of a lake, which is covered with water. We also use the word to express the land near the border of the sea or of a great lake, to an indefinite extent; as when we say, a town stands on the shore. We do not apply the word to the land contiguous to a small stream. This we call a bank.

SHORE, n.2 [The popular but corrupt pronunciation of sewer; a pronunciation that should be carefully avoided.]

SHORE, n.3 [Sp. and Port. escora; D. schoor.]

A prop; a buttress; something that supports a building or other thing.

SHORE, v. [the old pret. of Shear. Obs.]

SHORE, v.t.

  1. To prop; to support by a post or buttress usually with up; as, to shore up a building.
  2. To set on shore. [Not in use.] – Shak.

SHOR'ED, pp.

Propped; supported by a prop.


Having no shore or coast; of indefinite or unlimited extent; as, a shoreless ocean. Boyle


In England, the skin of a sheep shorn, as distinct from the morling, or skin taken from the dead sheep. Hence in some parts of England, a shorling is a sheep shorn, and a morling is one that dies. – Encyc.

SHOR'ING, ppr.

Propping; supporting.

SHORL, n. [Sw. skörl, from skör, brittle. Dan. skiör.]

A mineral, usually of a black color, found in masses of an indeterminate form, or crystalized in three or nine-sided prisms, which when entire are terminated by three-sided summits. The surface of the crystals is longitudinally streaked. The amorphous sort presents thin straight distinct columnar concretions, sometimes parallel, sometimes diverging or stelliform. This is called also tourmalin. – Haüy. Werner. Kirwan. The shorl of the mineralogists of the last century prehended a variety of substances which later observations have separated into several species. The green shorl is the epidote, or the vesuvian, or the actinolite. The violet shorl and the lenticular shorl are the axinite. The black volcanic shorl is the augite. The white vesuvian shorl is the sommite. The white grenatiform is the leucite. The white prismatic is the pycnite, a species of the topaz, and another is a variety of feldspar. Of the blue shorl, one variety is the oxyd of titanium, another the sappare, and another the phosphate of iron. The shorl cruciform is the granatite. The octahedral shorl is the octahedrite or anatase. The red shorl of Hungary and the purple of Madagascar, are varieties of the oxyd of titanium. The spathic shorl is the spodumene. The black shorl and the electric shorl only remain, and to this species the name tourmalin was given by that celebrated mineralogist, the Abbé Haüy. – Gibbs, Journ. of Science. Blue shorl is a variety of Hauyne. Red and titanitic shorl is rutile. – Ure.


Like shorl; partaking of the nature and characters of shorl. – Kirwan.


A mineral of a greenish white color, sometimes yellowish; mostly found in irregular oblong masses or columns, inserted in a mixture of quartz and mica or granite. – Klaproth. Kirwan.. Shorlite or shorlous topaz, the pycnite of Werner, is of a straw yellow color. – Ure.

SHORN, pp. [of Shear.]

  1. Cut off; as, a lock of wool shorn.
  2. Having the hair or wool cut off or sheared; as, a shorn lamb.
  3. Deprived; as, a prince shorn of his honors.

SHORT, a. [Sax. sceort, scyrt; G. kurz; D. Sw. and Dan. kort; Fr. court; It. corto; L. curtus; Ir. gear; Russ. kortayu, to shorten. It is from cutting off or separating. Qu. Dan. skiör, Sw. skör, brittle.]

  1. Not long; not having great length or extension; as, a short distance; a short ferry; a short flight; a short piece of timber. The bed is shorter than that a man can stretch himself on it. – Is. xxviii.
  2. Not extended in time; not of long duration. The triumphing of the wicked is short. – Job xx. 1 Thess. ii.
  3. Not of usual or sufficient length, reach or extent. Weak though I am of limb, and short of sight. – Pope.
  4. Not of long duration; repeated at small intervals of time; as, short breath. – Dryden. Sidney.
  5. Not of adequate extent or quantity; not reaching the point demanded, desired or expected; as, a quantity short of our expectations. Not therefore am I short / Of knowing what I ought. – Milton.
  6. Deficient; defective; imperfect. This account is short of the truth.
  7. Not adequate; insufficient; scanty; as, provisions are short; a short allowance of water for the voyage.
  8. Not sufficiently supplied; scantily furnished. The English were inferior in number, and grew short in their provisions. – Hayward.
  9. Not far distant in time; future. He commanded those who were appointed to attend him, to be ready by a short day. – Clarendon. We now say, at short notice. In mercantile languages, a note or bill is made payable at short sight, that is, in a little time after being presented to the payer.
  10. Not fetching a compass; as, in the phrase, to turn short.
  11. Not going to the point intended; as, to stop short.
  12. Defective in quantity; as, sheep short of their wool. – Dryden.
  13. Narrow; limited; not extended; not large or comprehensive. Their own short understandings reach / No further than the present. – Rowe.
  14. Brittle; friable; breaking all at once without splinters or shatters; as, marl so short that it can not be wrought into a ball. – Mortimer.
  15. Not bending. The lance broke short. – Dryden.
  16. Abrupt; brief; pointed; petulant; severe. I asked him a question, to which he gave a short answer. To be short, to be scantily supplied; as, to be short of bread or water. To come short, to fail; not to do what is demanded or expected, or what is necessary for the purpose; applied to persons. We all come short of perfect obedience to God's will. #2. Not to reach or obtain. – Rom. iii. #3. To fail; to be insufficient. Provisions come short. To cut short, to abridge; to contract; to make too small or defective; also, to destroy or consume. – 2 Kings x. To fall short, to fail; to be inadequate or scanty; as, provisions fall short; money falls short. #2. To fail; not to do or accomplish; as, to fall short in duty. #3. To be less. The measure falls short of the estimate. To stop short, to stop at once; also, to stop without reaching the point intended. To turn short, to turn on the spot occupied; to turn without making a compass. For turning short he struck with all his might. – Dryden. To be taken short, to be seized with urgent necessity. – Swift. In short, in few words; briefly; to sum up or close in a few words.

SHORT, adv.

Not long; as, short-enduring joy; a short-breathed man. – Dryden. Arbuthnot. In connection with verbs, short is a modifying word, or used adverbially; as, to come short, &c.


A summary account; as, the short of the matter. The short and long in our play is preferred. – Shak.

SHORT, v.t.

  1. To shorten.
  2. v. i. To fail; to decrease. [Not in use.]


Having short breath or quick respiration.


  1. A failing of the usual produce quantity or amount; as of a crop. – Chalmers.
  2. A failure of full performance, as of duty.

SHORT'-DAT-ED, a. [shod and date.]

Having little time to run. – Sandys.


Being of short breathing; imperfectly inspired, as breath.

SHORT'EN, v.i. [short'n.]

  1. To become short or shorter. The day shortens in northern latitudes from June to December.
  2. To contract; as, a cord shortens by being wet; metallic rod shortens by cold.

SHORT'EN, v.t. [short'n; Sax. scyrtan.]

  1. To make short in measure, extent or time; as, to shorten distance; to shorten a road; to shorten days of calamity. – Matth. xxiv.
  2. To abridge; to lessen; as, to shorten labor or work.
  3. To curtail; as, to shorten the hair by clipping.
  4. To contract; to lessen; to diminish in extent or amount; as, to shorten sail; to shorten an allowance of provisions.
  5. To confine; to restrain. Here where the subject is so fruitful, I am shortened by my chain. – Dryden.
  6. To lop; to deprive. The youth … shortened of his ears. – Dryden.
  7. To make paste short or friable, with butter or lard.