Dictionary: SHOT-TEN – SHOV'EL

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SHOT-TEN, a. [shot'n. From shoot.]

  1. Having ejected the spawn; as, a shotten herring. – Shak.
  2. Shooting into angles.
  3. Shot out of its socket; dislocated; as a bone.

SHOUGH, n. [shok.]

A kind of shaggy dog. [Not in use. See Shock.]

SHOULD, v. [shood; The preterit of Shall, but now used as an auxiliary verb, either in the past time or conditional present. “He should have paid the debt at the time the note became due.” Should here denotes past time. “I should ride to town this day if the weather would permit.” He should, expresses present or future time conditionally. In the second and third persons, it denotes obligation or duty, as in the first example above.]

  1. I should go. When should in this person is uttered without emphasis, it declares simply that an event would take place, on some condition or under other circumstances. But when expressed with emphasis, should in this person denotes obligation, duty or determination.
  2. Thou shouldst, or You should, go. Without emphasis, should, in the second person, is nearly equivalent to ought; you ought to go, it is your duty, you are bound to go. [See Shall.] With emphasis, should expresses determination in the speaker conditionally to compel the person to act. “If I had the care of you, you should go, whether willing or not.”
  3. He should go. Should, in the third person, has the same force as in the second.
  4. If I should, if you should, if he should, &c. denote a future contingent event.
  5. After should, the principal verb is sometimes omitted without obscuring the sense. So subjects love just kings, or so they should. – Dryden. That is, so they should love them.
  6. Should be, ought to be; a proverbial phrase, conveying some censure, contempt or irony. Things are not as they should be. The boys think their mother no better than she should be. – Addison.
  7. “We think it strange that stones should fall from the aerial regions." In this use, should implies that stones de fall. In all similar phrases, should implies the actual existence of the fact, without a condition or supposition.

SHOUL'DER, n. [Sax. sculdre, sculdor, sculder; G. schulter; D. schouder; Sw. skuldra; Dan. skulder.]

  1. The joint by which the arm of a human being or the fore leg of a quadruped is connected with the body; or in man the projection formed by the bones called scapulæ or shoulder-blades, which extend from the basis of the neck in a horizontal direction.
  2. The upper joint of the fore leg of an animal cut for the market; as, a shoulder of mutton.
  3. Shoulders, in the plural, the upper part of the back. Adown her shoulders fell her length of hair. – Dryden.
  4. Figuratively, support; sustaining power; or that which elevates and sustains. For on thy shoulders do I build my seat. – Shak.
  5. Among artificers, something like the human shoulder; horizontal or rectangular projection from the body of thing. – Moxon.


  1. To push or thrust with the shoulder; to push with violence. Around her numberless the rabble flow'd, / Should'ring each other, crowding for a view. – Rowe. As they the earth would shoulder from her seat. – Spenser.
  2. To take upon the shoulder; as, to shoulder a basket.

SHOUL'DER-BELT, n. [shoulder and belt.]

A belt that passes across the shoulder. – Dryden.

SHOUL'DER-BLADE, n. [shoulder and blade.]

The bone of the shoulder, or blade bone, broad and triangular, covering the hind part of the ribs; called by anatomists scapula and omoplata. – Encyc.

SHOUL'DER-CLAP-PER, n. [shoulder and clap.]

One that claps another on the shoulder, or that uses great familiarity. [Not in use.] – Shak.


  1. Pushed or thrust with the shoulder.
  2. Supported on the shoulder.


  1. Pushing with the shoulder.
  2. Taking upon the shoulder.

SHOUL'DER-KNOT, n. [shoulder and knot.]

An ornamental knot of ribin or lace worn on the shoulder; an epaulet.

SHOUL'DER-SHOT-TEN, a. [shoulder and shot.]

Strained in the shoulder, as a horse. – Shak.

SHOUL'DER-SLIP, n. [shoulder and slip.]

Dislocation the shoulder or of the humerus. – Swift.


A loud burst of voice or voices; a vehement and sudden outcry, particularly of a multitude of men expressing joy, triumph, exultation or animated courage. It is sometimes intended in derision. – Josh. vi. Ezra iii. The Rhodians seeing the enemy turn their backs, gave a great shout in derision. – Knolles.

SHOUT, v.i. [This word coincides with shoot, W. ysgythu, to jet, to spout.]

To utter a sudden and loud outcry, usually in joy, triumph or exultation, or to animate soldiers in an onset. It is not the voice of them that shout for mastery. – Exod. xxxii. When ye hear the sound of the trumpet, all the people shall shout with a great shout. – Josh. vi.

SHOUT, v.t.

To treat with shouts or clamor.


Treated with shouts.


One that shouts. – Dryden.


The act of shouting; a loud outcry expressive of joy or animation. – 2 Sam. vi.


Uttering a sudden and loud outcry in joy or exultation.


The act of pushing or pressing against by strength, without a sudden impulse. Swift.

SHOVE, v.i.

  1. To push or drive forward; to urge a course. – Swift.
  2. To push off; to move in a boat or with a pole; as, he shoved from shore. – Garth. To shove off, to move from shore by pushing with poles or oars.

SHOVE, v.t. [Sax. scufan, to push or thrust; scyfan, to suggest, to hint; D. schuiven; G. schieben, schuppen; Sw. skuffa; Dan. skuffer. The more correct orthography would shuv.]

  1. To push; to propel; to drive along by the direct application of strength without a sudden impulse; particularly, to push a body by sliding or causing it to move along the surface of another body, either by the hand or by an instrument; as, to shove a bottle along a table; to shove a table along the floor; to shove a boat on the water. And shore away the worthy bidden guest. – Milton. Shoving back this earth on which I sit. – Dryden.
  2. To push; to press against. He used to shove and elbow his fellow servants to get near his mistress. – Arbuthnot. To shove away, to push to a distance; to thrust off. To shove by; to push away; to delay, or to reject; as, to shove by the hearing of a cause; or to shove by justice. [Not elegant.] – Shak. To shove off, to thrust or push away. To shove down, to overthrow by pushing. – Arbuthnot.

SHOV'ED, pp.

Pushed; propelled.

SHOV'EL, n. [shuv'l; Sax. scofl; G. schaufel; D. schoffel, schop; Dan. skuffe, a scoop or shovel; from shoving.]

An instrument consisting of a broad scoop or hollow blade with a handle; used for throwing earth or other loose substances.