Dictionary: SAL'LY – SAL'TA-TO-RY, or SAL-TA-TO'RI-OUS

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SAL'LY, n. [Fr. saillie; It. salita; Sp. salida; Port. sahida. See the Verb. In a general sense, a spring; a darting or shooting. Hence,]

  1. An issue or rushing of troops from a besieged place to attack the besiegers. – Bacon.
  2. A spring or darting of intellect, fancy, or imagination; flight; sprightly exertion. We say, sallies of wit, sallies of imagination.
  3. Excursion from the usual track; range. He who often makes sallies into a country, and traverses it up and down, will know it better than one that goes always round in the same track. – Locke.
  4. Act of levity or extravagance; wild gayety; frolick; a bounding or darting beyond ordinary rules; as, a sally of youth; a sally of levity. – Wotton. Swift.

SAL'LY, v.i. [Fr. saillir; Arm. sailha; It. salire; Sp. salir; Port. sahir, (l lost;) L. salio. Qu. Gr. ἁλλομαι, which is allied to the Ar. أَلّ alla, or هَلَّ halla, both of which signify to impel, to shoot. See Solar, from L. sol, W. haul, Gr. ἡλιος.]

  1. To issue or rush out, as a body of troops from a fortified place, to attack besiegers. They break the truce, and sally out by night. – Dryden.
  2. To issue suddenly; to make a sudden eruption.

SAL'LY-ING, ppr.

Issuing or rushing out.


  1. In fortification, a postern gate, or a passage under ground from the inner to the outer works, such as from the higher flank to the lower, or to the tenailles, or to the communication from the middle of the curtain to the ravelin. – Encyc.
  2. A large port on each quarter of a gireship, for the escape of the men into boats when the train is fired. – Mar. Dict.

SAL-MA-GUN'DI, n. [Sp. salpicon, corrupted. See Salpicon.]

A mixture of chopped meat and pickled herring with oil, vinegar, pepper, and onions. – Johnson.

SALMIAC, n. [Salmiac.]

A contraction of sal ammoniac.

SALM-ON, n. [sam'mon; L. salmo; Fr. saumon.]

A fish of the genus Salmo, found in all the northern climates of America, Europe, and Asia, ascending the rivers for spawning in spring, and penetrating to their head streams. It is a remarkably strong fish, and will even leap over considerable falls which lie in the way of its progress. It has been known to grow to the weight of 75 pounds; more generally it is from 15 to 25 pounds. It furnishes a delicious dish for the table, and is an article of commerce.

SALM'ON-TROUT, n. [sam'mon-trout.]

A small species of Salmo, resembling the common salmon in color. – Walton.

SA-LOON', n. [It. salone, from sala, hall; Sp. and Fr. salon. See Hall.]

In architecture, a lofty, spacious hall, vaulted at the top, and usually comprehending two stories, with two ranges of windows. It is a magnificent room in the middle of a building, or at the head of a gallery, &c. It is a state room much used in palaces in Italy, for the reception of embassadors and other visitors. – Encyc.

SA-LOOP', or SA'LOP, n. [See SALEP.]

SAL'PI-CON, n. [Sp. from salpicar, to besprinkle; Port. to corn, to powder, to spot; from sal, salt.]

Stuffing; farce; chopped meat or bread, &c., used to stuff legs of veal; called also salmagundi. [I believe not used.] – Bacon.

SAL-SA-MENT-A'RI-OUS, a. [L. salsamentarius.]

Pertaining to salt things. [Not in use.] – Dict.

SAL'SI-FY, n. [Fr. salsifis.]

Goat's beard, a plant of the genus Tragopogon. – Mortimer.

SAL-SO-AC'ID, a. [L. salsus, salt, and acidus, acid.]

Having a taste compounded of saltness and acidness. [Little used.] – Floyer.

SAL-SU'GIN-OUS, a. [from L. salsugo, from sal, salt.]

Saltish; somewhat salt. – Boyle.

SALT, a.

  1. Having the taste of salt; impregnated with salt; as, salt beef; salt water.
  2. Abounding with salt; as, a salt land. Jer. xvii.
  3. Overflowed with salt water, or impregnated with it; as, a salt marsh.
  4. Growing on salt marsh or meadows and having the taste of salt; as, salt grass or hay.
  5. Producing salt water; as, a salt spring.
  6. Lecherous; salacious. – Shak.

SALT, n.1 [Sax. salt, sealt; Goth. Sw. and Dan. salt; G. salz; D. sout; Russ. sol; It. sale; Fr. sel; L. Sp. and Port. sal; Gr. ἁλς; W. halen; Corn. and Arm. halinn, from W. hâl, salt, a pervading substance. The radical sense is, probably, pungent, and if s is radical, the word belongs to the root of L. salio; but this is uncertain.]

  1. Common salt is the chlorid of sodium, a substance used for seasoning certain kinds of food, and for the preservation of meat, &c. It is found native in the earth, or it is produced, by evaporation and crystalization, from water impregnated with saline particles.
  2. In chimistry, a body composed of an acid and a base, which may be either a metallic oxyd or an alkaloid.
  3. Taste; sapor; smack. We have some salt of our youth in us. Shak.
  4. Wit; poignancy; as, Attic salt.

SALT, n.2

  1. The part of a river near the sea, where the water is salt. – Beverly.
  2. A vessel for holding salt.

SALT, n.3 [Fr. saut, from saillir, to leap.]

A leap; the act of jumping. [Not in use.] – B. Jonson.

SALT, v.i.

To deposit salt from a saline substance; as, the brine begins to salt. [Used by manufacturers.]

SALT, v.t.

  1. To sprinkle, impregnate or season with salt; as, to salt fish, beef or pork.
  2. To fill with salt between the timbers and planks, as a ship, for the preservation of the timber.

SALT'ANT, a. [L. saltans, from salto, to leap.]

Leaping; jumping; dancing. – Dict.

SALT-A'TION, n. [L. saltatio, from salto, to leap.]

  1. A leaping or jumping. – Brown.
  2. Beating or palpitation; as, the saltation of the great artery. – Wiseman.


Having the power of leaping. [1841 Addenda only.]


Leaping or dancing; or having the power of leaping or dancing.