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  1. Costliness; expensiveness. I will not fall out with those who can reconcile sumptuousness and charity. – Boyle.
  2. Splendor; magnificence.

SUN, n. [Sax. sunna; Goth. sunno; G. sonne; D. zon; Sans. sunuh. The Danish has Söndag, Sunday, Slav. Sonze. Qu. W. tan, Ir. teine, fire, and shan, in Bethshan.]

  1. The splendid orb or luminary which, being in or near the center of our system of worlds, gives light and heat to all the planets. The light of the sun constitutes the day, and the darkness which proceeds from its absence, or the shade of the earth, constitutes the night. – Ps. cxxxvi.
  2. In popular usage, a sunny place; a place where the beams of the sun fall; as, to stand in the sun, that is, to stand where the direct rays of the sun fall.
  3. Any thing eminently splendid or luminous; that which is the chief source of light or honor. The native Indians of America complain that the sun of their glory is set. I will never consent to put out the sun of sovereignty to posterity. – K. Charles.
  4. In Scripture, Christ is called the sun of righteousness, as the source of light, animation and comfort to his disciples.
  5. The luminary or orb which constitutes the center of any system of worlds. The fixed stars are supposed to be suns in their respective systems. Under the sun, in the world; on earth; a proverbial expression. There is no new thing under the sun. – Eccles. i.

SUN, v.t.

To expose to the sun's rays; to warm or dry in the light of the sun; to insolate; as, to sun cloth; to sun grain. Then to sun thyself in open air. – Dryden.

SUN'BEAM, n. [sun and beam.]

A ray of the sun. Truth written with a sunbeam, is truth made obviously plain. Gliding through the even on a sunbeam. – Milton.

SUN'-BEAT, a. [sun and beat.]

Struck by the sun's rays; shone brightly on. – Dryden.

SUN'-BRIGHT, a. [sun and bright.]

Bright as the sun; like the sun in brightness; as, a sun-bright shield; a sun-bright chariot. – Spenser. Milton. How and which way I may bestow myself / To be regarded in her sun-bright eye. – Shak.

SUN'-BURN-ING, n. [sun and burning.]

The burning or tan occasioned by the rays of the sun on the skin. – Boyle.

SUN'BURNT, a. [sun and burnt.]

  1. Discolored by the heat or rays of the sun; tanned; darkened in hue; as, a sunburnt skin. Sunburnt and swarthy though she be. – Dryden.
  2. Scorched by the sun's rays; as, a sunburnt soil. – Blackmore.

SUN'CLAD, a. [sun and clad.]

Clad in radiance or brightness.


A ray of the sun. – Hemans.

SUN'DAY, n. [Sax: sunna-dæg; G. sonntag; D. zondag; Dan. söndag; Sw. söndag; so called because this day was anciently dedicated to the sun, or to its worship.]

The Christian sabbath; the first day of the week, a day consecrated to rest from secular employments, and to religious worship. It is called also the Lord's day. Many pious persons however discard the use of Sunday, and call the day the sabbath. [See Sabbath.]


In sunder, in two. He cutteth the spear in sunder. – Ps. xlvi.

SUN'DER, v.t. [Sax. sundrian, syndrian; G. sondern; Dan. sönder, torn in pieces; Sw. söndra, to divide.]

  1. To part; to separate; to divide; to disunite in almost any manner, either by rending, cutting or breaking; as, to sunder a rope or cord; to sunder a limb or joint; to sunder friends, or the ties of friendship. The executioner sunders the head from the body at a stroke. A mountain may be sundered by an earthquake. Bring me lightning, give me thunder; / Jove may kill, but ne'er shall sunder. – Glanville.
  2. To expose to the sun. [Provincial in England.]


Separated; divided; parted.


Parting; separating.

SUN'-DEW, n. [sun and dew.]

A plant of the genus Drosera. – Lee.

SUN'-DI-AL, n. [sun and dial.]

An instrument to show the time of day, by means of the shadow of a gnomon or style on a plate. – Locke.


Sunset; sunsetting.

SUN'-DRI-ED, a. [sun and dry.]

Dried in the rays of the sun.

SUN'DRY, a. [Sax. sunder, separate.]

Several; divers; more than one or two. [This word, like several, is indefinite; but it usually signifies a small number, sometimes many.] I have composed sundry collects. – Saunderson. Sundry foes the rural realm surround. – Dryden.

SUN'FISH, n. [sun and fish.]

  1. A name of the Diodon, a genus of fishes of a very singular form, appearing like the fore part of the body of a very deep fish amputated in the middle. – Dict. Nat. Hist. The sunfish is the Tetraodon mola of Linnæus. In America, it is sometimes called the pond-perch. – Cyc.
  2. The basking shark. – Cyc.

SUN'FLOW-ER, n. [sun and flower.]

A plant of the genus Helianthus; so called from the form and color of its flower, or from its habit of turning to the sun. The bastard sunflower is of the genus Helenium; the dwarf sunflower is of the genus Rudheckia, and another of the genus Tetragonotheca; the little sunflower is of the genus Cistus. – Fam. of Plants.

SUNG, v. [pret. and pp. of Sing.]

While to his harp divine Amphion sung. – Pope.

SUNK, v. [pret. and pp. of Sink.]

Or toss'd by hope, or sunk by care. – Prior.


Sunk; lying on the bottom of a river or other water.