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SANC'TU-A-RIZE, v.t. [from sanctuary.]

To shelter by means of a sanctuary or sacred privileges. – Shak. [A bad word and not used.]

SANC'TU-A-RY, n. [Fr. sanctuaire; It. and Sp. santuario; L. sanctuarium, from sanctus, sacred.]

  1. A sacred place; particularly among the Israelites, the most retired part of the temple at Jerusalem, called the Holy of Holies, in which was kept the ark of the covenant, and into which no person was permitted to enter except the high priest, and that only once a year to intercede for the people. The same name was given to the most sacred part of the tabernacle. – Lev. i. Heb. ix.
  2. The temple at Jerusalem. – 2 Chron. xx.
  3. A house consecrated to the worship of God; a place where divine service is performed. – Ps. lxxiii. Hence sanctuary is used for a church.
  4. In catholic churches, that part of a church where the altar is placed, encompassed with a balustrade. – Encyc.
  5. A place of protection; a sacred asylum. Hence a sanctuary-man is one that resorts to a sanctuary for protection. – Bacon. Shak.
  6. Shelter; protection. Some relics of painting took sanctuary under ground. – Dryden.

SANCTUM-SANCTORUM, n. [Sanctum sanctorum; L.]

Most holy place.

SAND, n. [Sax. sand; G. Sw. and Dan. sand; D. zand.]

  1. Any mass or collection of fine particles of stone, particularly of fine particles of silicious stone, but not strictly reduced to powder or dust. That finer matter called sand, is no other than very small pebbles. Woodward.
  2. Sands, in the plural, tracts of land consisting of sand, like the deserts of Arabia and Africa, as the Libyan sands. – Milton.

SAND, v.t.

  1. To sprinkle with sand. It is customary among the common people in America, to sand their floors with white sand.
  2. To drive upon the sand. – Burton.

SAN'DAL, n. [Fr. sandale; It. sandalo; Sp. sandalia; L. sandalium; Gr. σανδαλιον. Qu. Syr. ܣܐ݂ܢ, san, to shoe. Class Sn, No. 9.]

  1. A kind of shoe, consisting of a sole fastened to the foot. The Greek and Roman ladies wore sandals of a rich stuff, ornamented with gold or silver. – Pope. Encyc.
  2. A shoe or slipper worn by the Pope and other Romish prelates when they officiate. A like sandal is worn by several congregations of monks. Encyc.

SAN'DAL, or SAN'DAL-WOOD, n. [Ar. صُنَادِلٌ sonadilin; Pers. جُنْدُلْ jondul.]

The wood of the Santalum album, which is a low tree, having a general resemblance to the Privet or Prim. When the sandal tree becomes old, the harder central wood acquires a yellow color and great fragrance, while the softer exterior wood remains white and destitute of fragrance. The former is what is called yellow sandal wood, and the latter white sandal wood. It is the yellow wood only, which is highly esteemed for its perfume, and which is considered so valuable for musical instruments, boxes, cabinets, &c. This article grows chiefly on the coast of Malabar and in the Indian Archipelago. I believe that the name sanders is never applied to sandal wood. The red sanders wood is as different as possible from sandal wood. It is the produce of a lofty tree, having no affinity with the sandal tree. It is the Pterocarpus santalinus, a native of India. Its wood has a bright garnet red color, and is used only for its coloring matter. I believe that the name sandal wood is never applied to this article.


Wearing sandals.

SAN'DA-RAC, or SAN'DA-RACH, n. [L. sandaraca; Ar. سندروس sandros.]

  1. A resin in white tears, more transparent than those of mastic. There is reason to think that the produce of different plants takes this name when it has the same external characters; but what may more properly be called sandarach is believed to be the produce of Callitris quadrivalvis of Roxburgh, and Thyia articulata of Vahl. It is used in powder, and mingled with a little chalk, to prevent ink from sinking or spreading on paper. This is the substance denoted by the Arabic word, and it is also called varnish, as it enters into the preparations of varnish.
  2. A native fossil; also, the combination of arsenic and sulphur, called realgar, which is the protosulphuret of arsenic.


A bag filled with sand; used in fortification.


A bath made by warm or hot sand, with which something is enveloped.


Having a defect of sight, by means which small particles appear to fly before the eyes. – Shak.


  1. A box with a perforated top or cover, for sprinkling paper with sand.
  2. A tree or plant of the genus Hura. It is said that the pericarp of the fruit will burst in the heat of the day with loud report, and throw the seeds to a distance. – Fam. of Plants. Miller.


Drifting sand.

SAND'ED, pp.

  1. Sprinkled with sand; as, a sanded floor.
  2. adj. Covered with sand; barren. – Mortimer.
  3. Marked with small spots; variegated with spots; speckled; of a sandy color, as a hound. – Shak.
  4. Short sighted. – Shak.


The ammodyte, a fish that resembles an eel. It seldom exceeds a foot in length; its head is compressed, the upper jaw larger than the under one, the body cylindrical, with scales hardly perceptible. There is one species only, a native of Europe. It coils with its head in the center, and penetrates into the sand; whence its name in Greek and English. It is delicate food. – Encyc.


A follower of Robert Sandeman, who held to Antinomian principles. The real founder of the sect was John Glass, whose adherents are called Glassites.


A bird of the plover kind. – Carew.


SAN'DE-VER, or SAN'DI-VER, n. [Fr. sain de verre, or saint de verre, dross or recrement of glass.]

Glass-gall; a whitish salt which is cast up from the materials of glass in fusion, and floating on the top, is skimmed off. A similar substance is thrown out in eruptions of volcanoes. It is used by gilders of iron, and in the fusion of certain ores. It is said to be good for cleansing the skin, and taken internally, is detergent. – Encyc.


A vast body of sand moving or borne along the deserts of Arabia. – Bruce.


The heat of warm sand in chimical operations.

SAND'I-NESS, n. [from sandy.]

  1. The state of being sandy; as, the sandiness of a road.
  2. The state of being of a sandy color.

SAND'ING, ppr.

Sprinkling or covering with sand.

SAND'ISH, a. [from sand.]

Approaching the nature of sand; loose; not compact. – Evelyn.