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  1. Perverse and unreasonable obstinacy; inflexibility; contumacy. Stubbornness and obstinate disobedience must be mastered with blows. – Locke.
  2. Stiffness; want of pliancy.
  3. Refractoriness, as of ores.

STUB'BY, a. [from stub.]

  1. Abounding with stubs.
  2. Short and thick; short and strong; as, stubby bristles. – Grew.

STUB'NAIL, n. [stub and nail.]

A nail broken off; a short thick nail.

STUCCO, n. [It. id.; Fr. stuc; Sp. estuco; allied probably to stick, stuck.]

  1. A fine plaster composed of lime, sand, whiting and pounded marble; used for covering walls, &c.
  2. Work made of stucco.

STUC'CO, v.t.

To plaster; to overlay with fine plaster.


Overlaid with stucco.


One versed in stucco-work.


Plastering with stucco.


A thrust. [Not in use.] – Shak.

STUCK, v. [pret. and pp. of Stick.]

Stuck o'er with titles, and hung round with strings. – Pope.

STUCK'LE, n. [from stook.]

A number of sheaves set together in the field. [Scottish. Not in use in the United States.]

STUD, n. [Sax. stod, studu; Ice. stod; D. stut; Sw. stöd; G. stütze, a stay or prop; stützen, to butt at, to gore; Dan. stöder, to push, to thrust, G. stossen. The sense of the root is to set, to thrust. It coincides with stead, place, Ir. stadam, to stay or stand, stid, a prop.]

  1. In building, a small piece of timber or joist inserted in the sills and beams, between the posts, to support the beams or other main timbers. The hoards on the outside and the laths on the inside of a building, are also nailed to the studs.
  2. A nail with a large head, inserted in, work chiefly for ornament; an ornamental knob. A belt of straw, and ivy buds, / With coral clasps and amber studs. – Ralegh. Crystal and myrrhine cups, emboss'd with gems / And studs of pearl. – Milton.
  3. A collection of breeding horses and mares; or the place where they are kept. In the studs of Ireland, where care is taken, we see horses, bred of excellent shape, vigor and fire. – Temple.
  4. A button for a shirt sleeve.

STUD, v.t.

  1. To adorn with shining studs or knobs. Their horses shall be trapp'd, / Their harness studded all with gold and pearl. – Shak.
  2. To set with detached ornaments or prominent objects.


  1. Adorned with studs.
  2. Set with detached ornaments. The sloping sides and summits of our hills, and the extensive plains that stretch before our view, are studded with substantial, neat and commodious dwellings of freemen. – Bp. Hobart.


Setting or adorning with studs or shining knobs.


In navigation, a sail that is set beyond the skirts of the principal sails. The studding-sails are set only when the wind is light. They appear like wings upon the yard arms. – Mar. Dict.

STU'DENT, n. [L. studens, studeo. See Study.]

  1. A person engaged in study; one who is devoted to learning; either in a seminary or in private; a scholar; as, the students of an academy, of a college or university; a medical student; a law student.
  2. A man devoted to books; a bookish man; as, a hard student; a close student. Keep a gamester from dice, and a good student from his books. – Shak.
  3. One who studies or examines; as, a student of nature's works.


The state of being a student.

STUD'HORSE, n. [Sax. stod-hors; Low L. stotarius; Chaucer, stot.]

A breeding horse; a horse kept for propagating his kind.

STUD'I-ED, pp. [from study.]

  1. Read; closely examined; read with diligence and attention; well considered. The book has been studied. The subject has been well studied.
  2. adj. Learned; well versed in any branch of learning; qualified by study; as, a man well studied in geometry, or in law or medical science. – Bacon.
  3. Premeditated.
  4. Having a particular inclination. [Not in use.] – Shak.

STUD'I-ED-LY, adv.


STUD'I-ER, n. [from study.]

One who studies; a student. Lipsius was a great studier in the stoical philosophy. – Tillotson.

STU'DI-O, n. [It.]

A study; a college or seminary; an academy for painters.

STU'DI-OUS, a. [Fr. studieux; L. studiosus.]

  1. Given to books or to learning; devoted to the acquisition of knowledge from books; as, a studious scholar.
  2. Contemplative; given to thought, or to the examination of subjects by contemplation.
  3. Diligent; eager to discover something, or to effect some object; as, be studious to please; studious to find new friends and allies. – Tickel.
  4. Attentive to; careful; with of. Divines must become studious of pious and venerable as antiquity. – White.
  5. Planned with study; deliberate. For the frigid villainy of studious lewdness, for the calm malignity of labored impiety, what apology can be invented? – Rambler.
  6. Favorable to study; suitable for thought and contemplation; as, the studious shade. Let my due feet never fail, / To walk the studious cloister pale. – Milton. [The latter signification is forced and not much used.]


  1. With study; with close attention to books.
  2. With diligent contemplation. – Dryden.
  3. Diligently; with zeal and earnestness. – Atterbury.
  4. Carefully; attentively.