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Pernicious to the soul. Procrastination of repentance and faith is a soul-destroying evil.


Diseased in soul or mind. [Not used.] – Spenser.


Melting or tending to soften the soul. – Beattie.


Furnished with a soul or mind; as, Grecian chiefs largely souled. [Little used.] – Dryden.


Enrapturing the soul. – Coleridge.


Deeply felt.


Having an obdurate heart. – Coleridge.


Without a soul, or without greatness or nobleness of mind; mean; spiritless. Slave, soulless villain. – Shak.

SOUL-SCOT, or SOUL-SHOT, n. [soul and scot.]

A funeral duty, or money paid by the Romanists in former times for a requiem for the soul.


Searching the soul or heart.

SOUL-SELL-ING, a. [soul and sell.]

Selling persons; dealing in the purchase and sale of human beings. – J. Barlow.

SOUL-SICK, a. [soul and sick.]

Diseased in mind or soul; morally diseased.


Exciting the soul. – E. Everett.


Subduing the soul.

SOUND, a. [Sax. sund; D. gezond; G. gesund; Dan. and Sw. sund; Basque, sendoa; L. sanus; Fr. sain; Sp. and It. sano; Ch. and Syr. חסן. Class Sn, No. 18, 24, 35. It is from driving, or straining, stretching.]

  1. Entire; unbroken; not shaky, split or defective; as, sound timber.
  2. Undecayed; whole; perfect, or not defective; as, sound fruit; a sound apple or melon.
  3. Unbroken; not bruised or defective; not lacerated or decayed; as, a sound limb.
  4. Not carious; not decaying; as, a sound tooth.
  5. Not broken or decayed; not defective; as, a sound ship.
  6. Whole; entire; unhurt; unmutilated; as, a sound body.
  7. Healthy; not diseased; not being in a morbid state; having all the organs complete and in perfect action; as, a sound body; sound health; a sound constitution; a sound man; a sound horse.
  8. Founded in truth; firm; strong; valid; solid; that can not be overthrown or refuted; as, sound reasoning; a sound argument; a sound objection; sound doctrine; sound principles.
  9. Right; correct; well founded; free from error; orthodox. – 2 Tim. i. Let my heart be sound in thy statutes. – Ps. cxix.
  10. Heavy; laid on with force; as, sound strokes; a sound beating.
  11. Founded in right and law; legal; valid; not defective; that can not be overthrown; as, a sound title to land; sound justice.
  12. Fast; profound; unbroken; undisturbed; as, sound sleep.
  13. Perfect, as intellect; not broken or defective; not enfeebled by age or accident; not wild or wandering; not deranged; as, a sound mind; a sound understanding or reason. Sound currency, in commerce, a currency whose actual value is the same as its nominal value, and if in bank notes or other substitute for silver and gold, a currency which is so sustained by funds, that it is at any time convertible into gold and silver, and of course of equal value.

SOUND, adv.

Soundly; heartily. So sound he slept that naught might him awake. Spenser.

SOUND, n.1

The air-bladder of a fish.

SOUND, n.2 [Sax. sund, a narrow sea or strait, a swimming; Sw. and Dan. sund; Pers. شَنَا shana, a swimming, L. natatio. Qu. can this name be given to a narrow sea because wild beasts were accustomed to pass it by swimming, like Bosporus; or is the word from the root of sound, whole, denoting a stretch, or narrowness, from stretching, like straight; or, from its sounding?]

A narrow passage of water, or a strait between the main land and an isle; or a strait connecting two seas, or connecting a sea or lake with the ocean; as, the sound, which connects the Baltic with the ocean, between Denmark and Sweden; the sound that separates Long Island from the main land of New York and Connecticut.

SOUND, n.3 [Fr. sonde; Sp. sonda. See the following verb.]

An instrument which surgeons introduce into the bladder, in order to discover whether there is a stone in that viscus or not. Cooper. Sharp.

SOUND, n.4

The cuttle fish. – Ainsworth.

SOUND, n.5 [Sax. son; W. swn; Ir. soin; Fr. son; It. suono; Sp. son; L. sonus, from sono, to sound, sing, rattle beat, &c. This may be a dialectical variation of L. tonus, tono, which seems to be allied to Gr. τεινω, to stretch or strain, L. teneo.]

  1. Noise; report; the object of hearing; that which strike the ear; or more philosophically, an impression or the effect of an impression made on the organs of hearing by an impulse or vibration of the air, caused by a collision of bodies or by other means; as, the sound of a trumpet or drum; the sound of the human voice; a horrid sound; a charming sound; a sharp sound; high sound.
  2. A vibration of air caused by a collision of bodies or other means, sufficient to affect the auditory nerves when perfect. Some persons are so entirely deaf that they can not hear the loudest sounds. Audible sounds are such as are perceptible by the organs of hearing. Sounds not audible to men, may be audible to animals of more sensible organs.
  3. Noise without signification; empty noise; noise and nothing else. It is the sense and not the sound, that must be the principle. – Locke.

SOUND, v.i.1

To use the line and lead in searching the depth of water. The shipmen sounded, and found it twenty fathoms. – Acts xxvii.

SOUND, v.i.2

  1. To make a noise; to utter a voice; to make an impulse of the air that shall strike the organs of hearing with a particular effect. We say, an instrument sounds well or ill; it sounds shrill; the voice sounds harsh. And first taught speaking trumpets how to sound. – Dryden.
  2. To exhibit by sound or likeness of sound. This relation sounds rather like a fiction than a truth.
  3. To be conveyed in sound; to be spread or published. From you sounded out the word of the Lord. – 1 Thess. i. To sound in damages, in law, is when there is no specific value of property in demand to serve as a rule of damages, as in actions of tort or trespass, as distinguished from actions of debt, &c. Ellsworth.

SOUND, v.t.1 [Sp. sondar or sondear; Fr. sonder. This word is probably connected with the L. sonus, Eng. sound, the primary sense of which is to stretch or reach.]

  1. To try, as the depth of water and the quality of the ground, by sinking a plummet or lead, attached to a line on; which are marked the number of fathoms. The lower end of the lead is covered with tallow, by means of which some portion of the earth, sand, gravel, shells, &c. of the bottom, adhere to it and are drawn up. By these means, and the depth of water and the nature of the bottom, which are carefully marked on good charts, seamen may know how far a ship is from land in the night or in thick weather, and in many cases when the land is too remote to be visible.
  2. To introduce a sound into the bladder of a patient, in order to ascertain whether a stone is there or not. When a patient is to be sounded. – Cooper.
  3. To try; to examine; to discover or endeavor to discover that which lies concealed in another's breast; to search out the intention, opinion, will or desires. I was in jest, / And by that offer meant to sound your breast. – Dryden. I've sounded my Numidians man by man. – Addison.

SOUND, v.t.2

  1. To cause to make a noise; as, to sound trumpet or a horn.
  2. To utter audibly; as, to sound a note with the voice.
  3. To play on; as to sound an instrument.
  4. To order or direct by a sound; to give a signal for, by certain sound; as, to sound a retreat.
  5. To celebrate or honor by sounds; to cause to be reported; as, to sound one's praise.
  6. To spread by sound or report; to publish or proclaim; as, to sound the praises or fame of a great man or a great exploit. We sometimes say, to sound abroad.