Dictionary: AM'Y-RALD-ISM – AN-A-COL'U-THON

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AM'Y-RALD-ISM, n.

In Church history, the doctrine of universal grace, as explained by Amyraldus, or Amyrault, of France, in the seventeenth century. He taught that God desires the happiness of all men, and that none are excluded by a divine decree, but that none can obtain salvation without faith in Christ; that God refuses to none the power of believing, though he does not grant to all his assistance to improve this power. – Encyc.

A-MYZ'TLI, n.

A Mexican name of the sea lion, an amphibious quadruped, inhabiting the shores and rivers of America, on the Pacific Ocean. Its body is three feet in length, and its tail, two feet. It has a long snout, short legs and crooked nails. Its skin is valued for the length and softness of its hair. Clavigero.

AN, a. [Sax. an, ane, one; D. een; Ger. ein; Sw. and Dan. en; Fr. on, un, une; Sp. un, uno; It. uno, una; L. unus, una, unum; Gr. εν; Ir. ein, ean, aon; W. un, yn; Corn. uynyn; Arm. yunan.]

One; noting an individual, either definitely, known, certain, specified, or understood; or indefinitely, not certain, known, or specified. Definitely, as “Noah built an ark of Gopher wood:” “Paul was an eminent apostle.” Indefinitely, as “Bring me an orange.” Before a consonant the letter n is dropped, as a man; but our ancestors wrote an man, an king. This letter represents an definitely, or indefinitely. Definitely, as “I will take you to me for a people, and I will be to you a God.” Ex. vi. Indefinitely, as “The province of a judge is to decide controversies.” An being the same word as one, should not be used with it; “such an one,” is tautology the true phrase is such one. Although an, a and one, are the same word, and always have the same sense, yet by custom, an and a are used exclusively as a definitive adjective, and one is used in numbering. Where our ancestors wrote an, twa, thry, we now use one, two, three. So an and a are never used except with a noun; but one, like other adjectives, is sometimes used without its noun, and as a substitute for it: “One is at a loss to assign a reason for such conduct.” An is to be used before a vowel and before a silent h, as an hour. It is also used before h when the accent of the word falls on any syllable except the first, as in historian, and historiographer.

AN, conj. [In old English authors, signifies if; as, “an it please your honor.” So in Gr. αν or εαν, Ar. انْ, Sam. and L. an, if or whether; Ir. an, Ch. אן or אין, if, whether. It is probably an imperative, like if, gif, give. Qu. Sax. annan, or anan, to give.]

A'NA, n.

As a termination, denotes a collection of memorable sayings. Thus, Scaligerana, is a book containing the sayings of Scaliger. It was used by the Romans, as in Collectaneus, collected, gathered.

A'NA, n. [or āā, or ā. Gr. ανα.]

In medical prescriptions, it signifies an equal quantity of the several ingredients; as, wine and honey, ana, āā or ā oz. ii. that is, of wine and honey each two ounces.

AN-A-BAP'TISM, n. [See Anabaptist.]

The doctrine of the Anabaptists. – Ash.

AN-A-BAP'TIST, n. [Gr. ανα, again, and βαπτιστης, a baptist.]

One who holds the doctrine of the baptism of adults, or of the invalidity of infant baptism, and the necessity of rebaptization in an adult age. One who maintains that baptism ought always to be performed by immersion. – Encyc.

AN-A-BAP-TIST'IC, or AN-A-BAP-TIST'IC-AL, a.

Relating to the Anabaptists, or to their doctrines. – Milton. Bull.

AN-A-BAP'TIS-TRY, n.

The sect of Anabaptists.

AN-A-BAP-TIZE', v.t.

To rebaptize. [Not used.] – Whitlock.

AN-A-BRO'SIS, n.

A wasting away.

AN'A-CA, n.

A species of paroquet, about the size of a lark; the crown of the head is a dark red, the upper part of the neck, sides, back and wings are green. – Dict. of Nat. Hist.

AN-A-CAMP'TIC, a. [Gr. ανα and καμπτω, to bend.]

  1. Reflecting or reflected; a word formerly applied to that part of optics which treats of reflection; the same as what is now called catoptric. [See Catoptrics.]
  2. Anacamptic sounds, among the Greeks, were sounds produced by reflection, as in echoes; or such as proceeded downward from acute to grave. – Rousseau. Busby.

AN-A-CAMP'TICS, n.

The doctrine of reflected light. [See Catoptrics.]

AN-A-CAR'DI-UM, n.

The name of a genus of plants, a species of which produces the cashew-nut, or marking nut, which produces a thickish, red, acrid, inflammable liquor, which, when used in marking, turns black, and is very durable. – Ure.

AN-A-CA-THAR'TIC, a. [Gr. ανα, upward, and καθαρσις, a purging. See Cathartic.]

Throwing upward; cleansing by exciting vomiting, expectoration, &c. – Quincy.

AN-A-CA-THAR'TIC, n.

A medicine which excites discharges by the mouth, or nose, as expectorants, emetics, sternutatories and masticatories. – Quincy.

AN-ACH'O-RET, n. [See ANCHORET.]

AN-ACH'RO-NISM, n. [Gr. ανα, and χρονος, time.]

An error in computing time; any error in chronology, by which events are misplaced.

AN-ACH-RO-NIS'TIC, a.

Erroneous in date; containing an anachronism. – Warton.

AN-A-CLAS'TIC, a. [Gr. ανα and κλασις, a breaking, from κλαω, to break.]

Refracting; breaking the rectilinear course of light. Anaclastic glasses, sonorous glasses or phials, which are flexible, and emit a vehement noise by means of the human breath; called also vexing glasses, from the fright which their resilience occasions. They are low phials with flat bellies, like inverted tunnels, and with very thin convex bottoms. By drawing out a little air, the bottom springs into a concave form with a smart crack; and by breathing or blowing into them, the bottom, with a like noise, springs into its former convex form. – Encyc.

AN-A-CLAS'TICS, n.

That part of optics which treats of the refraction of light, commonly called dioptrics, which see. – Encyc.

AN-A-COE-NO'SIS, n. [Gr. ανακοινωσις; ανα and κοινος, common.]

A figure of rhetoric, by which a speaker applies to his opponents for their opinion on the point in debate. – Walker.

AN-A-COL'U-THON, n. [Gr. ανακολυθον, not following.]

A term in grammar denoting the want of sequence in a sentence, one of whose members does not correspond with the remainder. – Brande.