Emily Dickinson Lexicon
Dictionary: ARCH-HYP'O-CRITE – ARCH'I-VOLT
A great or chief hypocrite. – Fuller.
ARCH'I-A-TER, n. [Gr. αρχος, chief, and ιατρος, physician.]
Chief physician; a word used Russia. – Tooke, i. 557.
Chief; primary. – Hallywell.
ARCH-I-DI-AC'ON-AL, a. [See Deacon.]
Pertaining to an archdeacon; as, an archidiacontal visitation.
ARCH-I-E-PISC'O-PAL, a. [See Episcopal.]
Belonging to an archbishop; as, Canterbury is an archiepiscopal see. – Weever.
A lichen, which grows on rocks, in the Canary and Cape de Verd isles, which yields a rich purple color, not durable, but very beautiful. It is bruised between stones, and moistened with strong spirit of urine mixed with quick lime. It first takes a purplish red color, and then turns to blue. In the first state it is called archil; and in the second, lacmas or litmase, litmus. – Encyc.
Pertaining to Archilochus, the poet, who invented a verse of seven feet, the first four dactyls or spondees, the last three, trochees.
ARCH-I-MA'GUS, n. [See Magician.]
The high priest of the Persian Magi, or worshipers of fire. Encyc.
ARCH-I-MAND'RITE, n. [From mandrite, a Syriac word for monk.]
In Church history, a chief of the mandrites or monks, answering to abbot in Europe. – Encyc. Tooke's Russ.
Pertaining to Archimedes.
Curving like an arch.
Forming an arch; covering with an arch.
ARCH-I-PEL'A-GO, n. [Authors are not agreed as to the origin of this word. Some suppose it to be compounded of αρχος, chief, and πελαγος, sea; others, of Αιγαιος, and πελαγος, the Egean sea. See Gibbon, Mitford, and Ed. Encyc.]
In a general sense, a sea interspersed with many isles; but particularly the sea which separates Europe from Asia, otherwise called the Egean sea. It contains the Grecian isles, called Cyclades and Sporades.
ARCH'I-TECT, n. [Gr. αρχος, chief, and τεκτων, a workman, See Technical.]
- A person skilled in the art of building; one who understands architecture, or makes it his occupation to form plans and designs of buildings, and superintend the artificers employed.
- A contriver; a former or maker. – Ray.
Used in building; proper for building. – Derham.
That has power or skill to build. – Smellie, ch. 13.
The science of architecture. – Ash.
A female architect. – Wotton.
Pertaining to the art of building, that is according to the rules of architecture. – Mason.
ARCH'I-TECT-URE, n. [L. architectura.]
- The art of building; but in a more limited and appropriate sense, the art of constructing houses, bridges and other buildings for the purposes of civil life.
- Frame or structure. The earth is a piece of divine architecture. – Burnet. Military architecture is the art of fortification. Naval architecture is the art of building ships.
ARCH'I-TRAVE, n. [Gr. αρχος, chief, and It. trave, from L. trabs, a beam.]
In architecture, the lower division of an entablature, or that part which rests immediately on the column. It probably represents the beam which, in ancient buildings extended from column to column, to support the roof. In chimneys, the architrave is called the mantle-piece; and over doors and windows, the hypertherion. – Johnson. Encyc. Cyc.
ARCH'I-VAL, a. [See Archives.]
Pertaining to archives or records; contained in records. – Tooke.
ARCH'IVES, n. [plur. Gr. αρχειον; Low. L. archivum; Fr. archives; It. archivio.]
The apartment in which records are kept; also the records and papers which are preserved, as evidences of facts.
ARCH'IV-IST, n. [Fr. and It.]
The keeper of archives or records. – Encyc.
ARCH'I-VOLT, n. [arch, chief, and It. volta.]
In building, the inner contour of an arch, or a band adorned with moldings, running over the faces of the arch-stones and bearing upon the imposts. It has only a single face in the Tuscan order; two faces crowned in the Doric and Ionic, and the same moldings, as the architrave, in the Corinthian and Composite. – Encyc.