Emily Dickinson Lexicon
Dictionary: AN'BU-RY – AN-CHY-LOT'IC
A disease in turneps, or an injury occasioned by a fly.
AN'CES-TOR, n. [Fr. ancestres, ancêtres; L. antecessor, of ante, before, and cedo, to go.]
One from whom a person descends, either by the father or mother, at any distance of time, in the tenth or hundredth generation. An ancestor precedes in the order of nature or blood; a predecessor, in the order of office.
Ancestral. – Pollok.
Relating or belonging to ancestors; claimed or descending from ancestors; as, an ancestral estate.
A female ancestor.
A series of ancestors, or progenitors; lineage, or those who compose the line of natural descent. Hence birth or honorable descent. – Addison.
AN'CHI-LOPS, n. [Gr. αιγιλωψ, from αιξ, a goat, and ωψ, an eye. – Qu.]
The goat's eye; an abscess in the inner angle of the eye; an incipient fistula lachrymalis. – Encyc. Coxe.
AN'CHOR, n. [L. anchora; Gr. αγκυρα; It. and Port. ancora; Sp. ancla; D. G. Dan. anker; Sw. anchare; Ir. ankaire, ancoir or ingir; Corn. ankar; Ar. ankar; Pers. anghar; Russ. iacor; Fr. ancre; Arm. ancor.]
- An iron instrument for holding a ship or other vessel at rest in water. It is a strong shank, with a ring at one end, to which a cable may be fastened; and with two arms and flukes at the other end, forming a suitable angle with the shank to enter the ground. In seaman's language, the anchor comes home, when it is dislodged from its bed, so as to drag by the violence of the wind, sea or current. Foul anchor is when the anchor hooks or is entangled with another anchor, or with a wreck or cable, or when the slack cable is entangled. The anchor a cock bill, is when it is suspended perpendicularly from the cat head, ready to be let go. The anchor a peek, is when it is drawn in so tight as to bring the ship directly over it. The anchor is a trip, or a weigh, when it is just drawn out of the ground, in a perpendicular direction, either by the cable or the buoy-rope. To back an anchor is to lay down a small anchor ahead of that by which the ship rides, with the cable fastened to the crown of the latter to prevent its coming home. At anchor is when a ship rides by her anchor. Hence, to lie, or ride at anchor. To cast anchor, or to anchor, is to let go an anchor, to keep a ship at rest. To weigh anchor is to heave or raise the anchor out of the ground. Anchors are of different sizes. The principal, and that on which most dependence is placed, is the sheet anchor. Then come the best bower, the small bower, the spare anchor, the stream anchor, and the kedge anchor, which is the smallest. – Mar. Dict.
- In a figurative sense, that which gives stability or security; that on which we place dependence for safety. Which hope we have as an anchor of the soul, both sure and stedfast. – Heb. vi.
- In architecture, anchors are carved work, somewhat resembling an anchor. It is commonly a part of the ornaments of the boultins of capitals in the Tuscan, Doric and Ionic orders, and on the moldings of cornices. In heraldry, anchors are emblems of hope. – Encyc.
- To cast anchor; to come to anchor; as, our ship anchored off the Isle of Wight.
- To stop; to fix or rest on.
- To place at anchor; as, to anchor a ship. A ship is anchored but not moored, by a single anchor.
- To fix or fasten on; to fix in a stable condition.
Fit for anchorage. – Herbert.
- Anchor-ground; a place where a ship can anchor, where the ground is not too rocky, nor the water too deep nor too shallow.
- The hold of a ship at anchor, or rather the anchor and all the necessary tackle for anchoring.
- A duty imposed on ships for anchoring in a harbor.
Lying or riding at anchor; held by as anchor; moored; fixed in safety.
A female anchoret. – Fairfax.
AN'CHO-RET, n. [Gr. αναχωρητης, from αναχωρεω, to retire, of ανα, and χωρεω, to go. Written by some authors, anachoret.]
A hermit; a recluse; one who retires from society into a desert or solitary place, to avoid the temptations of the world and devote himself to religious duties. Also a monk, who, with the leave of the abbot, retires to a cave or cell, with an allowance from the monastery, to live in solitude. – Encyc.
Pertaining to a hermit, or his mode of life.
Ground suitable for anchoring.
The hold or fastness of an anchor; security.
Coming to anchor; casting anchor; mooring.
The maker or forger of anchors, or one whose occupation is to make anchors.
AN-CHO'VY, n. [Port. and Sp. anchova; Fr. anchois; It. acciuga; G. anschove.]
A small fish, about three inches in length, of the genus Clupea, found and caught in vast numbers in the Mediterranean, and pickled for exportation. It is used as a sauce or seasoning.
A fruit of Jamaica, produced by a species of the genus Grias. It is large, contains a stone, and is esculent.
AN'CHY-LOS-ED, a. [Gr.]
Immovably united or fixed, as joints of bones. – Mantell.
AN-CHY-LO'SIS, n. [Gr. αγχυλωσις.]
In medicine, an immovable state of a joint.
Pertaining to anchylosis.