Emily Dickinson Lexicon
Dictionary: AN-TI-MON'IC – AN-TI-PAT-RI-OT'IC
Pertaining to antimony. – Henry.
An acid composed of two equivalents of antimony and five of oxygen.
A compound of antimonous acid and a base. – Henry.
An acid consisting of two equivalents of antimony and four of oxygen.
AN'TI-MO-NY, n. [Fr. antimoine; Low L. antimonium; It. antimonio; Sp. id. This by some writers is supposed to be composed of anti and Fr. moine, monk, from the fact that certain monks were poisoned by it. This story, reported by Furetiero, is treated by Morin as fabulous, and by him it is said to be composed of Gr. αντι, against, and μονος, alone, and so named because it is not found alone. The real truth is not ascertained.]
Primarily, a metallic ore consisting of sulphur combined with a metal; the sulphuret of antimony, the stibium of the Romans, and the στιμμι of the Greeks. It is a blackish mineral, which stains the hands, hard, brittle, full of long, shining, needle-like striæ. It is found in the mines of Bohemia and Hungary; in France and England, and in America. This word is also used for the pure metal or regulus of antimony, a metal of a grayish or silvery white, very brittle, and of a plated or scaly texture, and of moderate specific gravity. By exposure to air, its surface becomes tarnished, but does not rust. It is used us an ingredient in concave mirrors, giving them a finer texture. In bells, it renders the sound more clear; it renders tin more hard, white and sonorous, and gives to printing types more firmness and smoothness. It is also useful in promoting the fusion of metals, and especially in casting cannon balls. In its crude state, it is harmless to the human constitution; but many of its preparations act violently as emetics and cathartics. – Chambers. Encyc. Nicholson.
An opposer of morality. – Warburton.
Opposed to music; having no ear for music. – Amer. Review.
AN-TI-NE-PHRIT'IC, a. [anti and nephritic, which see.]
Counteracting diseases of the kidneys. Coxe.
A medicine that tends to remove diseases of the kidneys.
AN-TI-NO'MI-AN, a. [Gr. αντι, against, and νομος, law.]
Against law; pertaining to the Antinomians.
One of a sect who maintain, that, under the gospel dispensation, the law is of no use or obligation; or who hold doctrines which supersede the necessity of good works and a virtuous life. This sect originated with John Agricola about the year 1538. – Encyc.
The tenets of Antinomians. – Hall.
One who pays no regard to the law, or to good works. – Sanderson.
A contradiction between two laws, or between two parts of the same law. – Baker.
Pertaining to Antiochus, the founder of a sect of philosophers, cotemporary with Cicero. This sect was a branch of the Academics, though Antiochus was a Stoic. He attempted to reconcile the doctrines of the different schools, and was the last preceptor of the Platonic school. – Enfield. Encyc. The Antiochian epoch was a method of computing time, from the proclamation of liberty granted to the city of Antioch, about the time of the battle of Pharsalia. – Encyc.
Opposed to popery or papacy. – Jortin.
Running in a contrary direction. – Hammond.
AN-TI-PAR-A-LYT'IC, a. [αντι, and paralytic, which see.]
Good against the palsy.
A remedy for the palsy. – Coxe.
AN-TI-PA-THET'IC, or AN-TI-PA-THET'IC-AL, a. [See Antipathy.]
Having a natural contrariety, or constitutional aversion to a thing.
The quality or state of having an aversion or contrariety to a thing. – Johnson.
AN-TI-PATH'IC, a. [Gr. αντι and παθος.]
Having opposite affections. In medicine, the same as allopathic.
AN-TIP'A-THY, n. [Gr. αντι, against, and παθος, feeling.]
- Natural aversion; instinctive contrariety or opposition in feeling; an aversion felt at the presence, real or ideal, of a particular object. This word literally denotes a natural aversion, which may be of different degrees, and in some cases may excite terror or horror at the presence of an object. Such is the aversion of animals for their natural enemies, as the antipathy of a mouse to a cat, or a weasel. Sometimes persons have an insuperable constitutional antipathy to certain kinds of food. The word is applied also to aversion contracted by experience or habit; as when a person has suffered an injury from some food, or from an animal, which before was not an object of hatred; or when a particular kind of food or medicine is taken into a sickly stomach, and which nauseates it; the effect is antipathy, which is often of long continuance. Antipathy however, is often affected; as when persons pretend a great aversion to things from false delicacy.
- In ethics, antipathy is hatred, aversion or repugnancy; hatred to persons; aversion to persons or things; repugnancy to actions. Of these, hatred is most voluntary. Aversion, and antipathy, in its true sense, depend more on the constitution; repugnancy may depend on reason or education. – Encyc. Inveterate antipathies against particular nations, and passionate attachments to others are to be avoided. – Washington.
- In physics, a contrariety in the properties or affections of matter, as of oil and water, which will not mix. Antipathy is regularly followed by to, sometimes by against; and is opposed to sympathy.
Not patriotic; opposing the interests of one's country. Antipatriotic prejudices. – Johnson.