Emily Dickinson Lexicon
Dictionary: AG'O-NY – AG-RIP-PIN'I-ANS
AG'O-NY, n. [Gr. αγων, a contest with bodily exertion; a word used to denote the athletic games in Greece; whence αγωνια, anguish, solicitude; from αγω, L. ago. In Ir. agh, is a battle, conflict; Gr. αγωνιζω, to strive. See Act.]
- In strictness, pain so extreme as to cause writhing or contortions of the body, similar to those made in the athletic contests in Greece. Hence,
- Extreme pain of body or mind; anguish; appropriately, the pangs of death, and the sufferings of our Savior in the garden of Gethsemane. – Luke xxii.
- Violent contest or striving. – More.
In earnest. [Not used.] – Shak.
A-GOU'TY, n. [Qu. Sp. agudo, sharp; L. acutus.]
A quadruped of the order Rodentia; arranged by naturalists in the genus Cavia. It is of the size of a rabbit. The upper part of the body is brownish, with a mixture of red and black; the belly yellowish. Three varieties are mentioned, all peculiar to South America and the West Indies. It burrows in the ground, or in hollow trees; lives on vegetables; is voracious like a pig, and makes a similar grunting noise. It holds its food in its fore paws, like a squirrel. When scared or angry, its hair is erect, and it strikes the ground with its hind feet. Its flesh is white and well tasted. – Encyc.
A-GRAM'MA-TIST, n. [Gr. α privative and γραμμα, a letter.]
An illiterate person.
A-GRA'RI-AN, n. [L. agrarius, from ager, a field.]
Relating to lands. Appropriately, denoting or pertaining to an equal division of lands; as, the agrarian laws of Rome, which distributed the conquered and other public lands equally among all the citizens, limiting the quantity which each might enjoy. Authors sometimes use the word as a noun; an agrarian, for agrarian law. – Burke. An agrarian distribution of land or property, would make the rich, poor; but would not make the poor, rich.
An equal division of lands or property, or the principles of those who favor such a division.
A-GREE', v.i. [Fr. agréer, from gré, will, accord. This is contracted from Sp. agradar, Port. id. to please, to gratify, whence agradable, agreeable; from the root of L. gratia, W. rhad, grace, favor, that comes freely. The primary sense is advancing, from the same root as L. gradior; W. rhaz, (rhath); Syr. ܪܕܐ radah, to go.]
- To be of one mind; to harmonize in opinion; as, in the expediency of the law, all the parties agree.
- To live in concord, or without contention; as, parents and children agree well together.
- To yield assent; to approve or admit; followed by to; as, to agree to an offer, or to an opinion.
- To settle by stipulation, the minds of parties being agreed as to the terms; as, to agree on articles of partnership. Didst thou not agree with me for a penny a day? – Matth. xx.
- To come to a compromise of differences; to be reconciled. Agree with thine adversary quickly. – Matth. v.
- To come to one opinion or mind; to concur; as, to agree on a place of meeting. This sense differs not essentially from the fourth, and it often implies a resolving to do an act. John ix.
- To be consistent; to harmonize; not to contradict, or be repugnant; as, this story agrees with what has been related by others. Their witness agreed not together. – Mark xiv.
- To resemble; to be similar; as, the picture does not agree with the original.
- To suit; to be accommodated or adapted to; as, the same food does not agree with every constitution.
To admit, or come to one mind concerning; as, to agree the fact. Also, to reconcile or make friends; to put an end to variance; but these senses are unusual and hardly legitimate. Let the parties agree the fact, is really elliptical; Let them agree on the fact.
Easiness of disposition. [Not used.] Chaucer.
- Suitable; conformable; correspondent; consistent with; as, the practice of virtue is agreeable to the law of God and our own nature.
- In pursuance of; in conformity with; as, agreeable to the order of the day, the House took up the report of the committee. It is not correctly followed by with. In this sense, some writers use agreeably, for agreeable, but in violation of the true principles of construction; for the word is an adjective or attribute, in agreement with the last clause of the sentence. The House took up the report of the committee, (which taking up was) agreeable to the order of the day. The use of agreeably in this sentence would pervert the sense.
- Pleasing, either to the mind or senses; as, agreeable manners; fruit agreeable to the taste.
- Suitableness; conformity; consistency; as, the agreeableness of virtue to the laws of God.
- The quality of pleasing; that quality which gives satisfaction or moderate pleasure to the mind or senses; as, an agreeableness of manners; there is an agreeableness in the taste of certain fruits. This is the usual sense of the word.
- Resemblance; likeness; with to or between. The agreeableness between man and other parts of creation. [Obs.] – Grew.
- Pleasingly; in an agreeable manner; in a manner to give pleasure; as, to be agreeably entertained with a discourse.
- Suitably; consistently; conformably. The effect of which is, that marriages grow less frequent, agreeably to the maxim above laid down. – Paley. This is a gross error, proceeding from mistake. Agreeably signifies, in an agreeable manner; but this is not the sense, nor does the word modify the verb grow. The sense is, Marriages grow less frequent, which (fact, or whole member of the sentence, or proposition) is agreeable to the maxim above laid down. This use of agreeably is common but very erroneous.
- Alike; in the same manner. Both armed agreeably. [Obs.] Spenser.
- Being in concord or harmony of opinion; of one mind. Can two walk together except they be agreed? – Amos iii.
- Assented to; admitted; as, a proposition is agreed to.
- Settled by consent; implying bargain or contract; as, the terms were agreed to, or agreed upon.
Living in concord; concurring; assenting; settling by consent.
In conformity to. [Little used.]
- Concord; harmony; conformity. What agreement hath the temple of God with idols? – 2 Cor. vi.
- Union of opinions or sentiments; as, a good agreement subsists among the members of the council.
- Resemblance; conformity; similitude. Expansion and duration have this farther agreement. – Locke.
- Union of minds in regard to a transfer of interest; bargain; compact; contract; stipulation; as, he made an agreement for the purchase of a house. Make an agreement with me by a present. – 2 Kings xviii.
- In grammar, Concord, which see.
A-GRES'TIC, or A-GRES'TIC-AL, a. [L. agrestis; Fr. agreste; from L. ager, a field, or the same root.]
Rural; rustic; pertaining to fields or the country, in opposition to the city; unpolished. Gregory.
Cultivation of soil.
AG'RI-CUL-TOR, n. [L. ager, a field, and cultor, a cultivator.]
One whose occupation is to till the ground; a farmer; a husbandman; one skilled in husbandry.
Pertaining to husbandry, tillage, or the culture of the earth.
AG'RI-CUL-TURE, n. [L. ager, a field, and cultura, cultivation. See Acre and Culture.]
In a general sense, the cultivation of the ground, for the purpose of producing vegetables, and fruits, for the use of man and beast; or the art of preparing the soil, sowing and planting seeds, dressing the plants, and removing the crops. In this sense, the word includes gardening, or horticulture, and also the raising and feeding of cattle or stock. But in a more common and appropriate sense, it is used to signify that species of cultivation which is intended to raise grain and other crops for man and beast. It is equivalent to husbandry. Agriculture is the most general occupation of man.
The art or science of agriculture. [Little used.]
One skilled in the art of cultivating the ground; a skillful husbandman.
AG'RI-MO-NY, n. [L. argemonia, from the Gr. Thus it is written by Pliny. But in lower Latin it is written agrimonia. Said to be from Gr. αργεμα, the web or pearl of the eye, from αργος, white, which this plant was supposed to cure. See Theoph. 887.]
A genus of plants, of several species. Of these, the eupatoria or common agrimony, and the odorata or sweet-scented, are the most useful. – Encyc.
In Church history, the followers of Agrippinus, bishop of Carthage in the third century, who first taught and defended the doctrine of rebaptization. – Encyc.