Emily Dickinson Lexicon
Dictionary: ARCH-DU'CAL – ARCH-HI'E-REY
ARCH-DU'CAL, a. [See Archduke.]
Pertaining to an archduke.
ARCH-DUCH'ESS, n. [See Duchess.]
A title given to the females of the house of Austria.
The territory of an archduke or archduchess. – Ash.
ARCH-DUKE', n. [See Duke.]
A title given to princes of the house of Austria; all the sons being archdukes, and the daughters archduchesses. – Encyc.
The territory or jurisdiction of an archduke or archduchess.
Made with an arch or curve; covered with an arch.
A principal enemy. – Milton.
ARCH'ER, n. [Sp. archero; It. arciéro; Fr. archer; from arcus, a bow. See Arch and Arc.]
A bowman; one who uses a bow in battle; one who is skilled in the use of the bow and arrow.
A female archer. – Markham.
The use of the bow and arrow; the practice, art, or skill of archers; the act of shooting with a bow and arrow.
in England, so called from the church of St. Mary le bow (de arcubus), whose top is raised of stone pillars built archwise, where it was anciently held, is a court of appeal, in the ecclesiastical polity, the judge of which is called the dean of the arches. This court had jurisdiction over thirteen peculiar parishes in London, belonging to the archbishop of Canterbury; but the office of dean of the arches being united with that of the archbishop's principal office, the dean now receives and determines appeals from the sentence of all inferior courts within the province; and from him lies an appeal to the king in chancery. This and all the principal spiritual courts are now held at Doctors' Commons. – Blackstone.
ARCH'ET, n. [It.]
A general term denoting musical instruments played with a bow, as the violin, &c. – Fitch.
Original; constituting a model or pattern.
ARCH'E-TYPE, n. [Gr. αρχετυπον; αρχη, beginning, and τυπος, form.]
- The original pattern or model of a work; or the model from which a thing is made; as, a tree is the archetype or pattern of our idea of that tree. – Watts.
- Among minters, the standard weight by which others are adjusted.
- Among Platonists, the archetypal world is the world as it existed in the idea of God, before the creation. – Encyc.
ARCH-E'US, n. [Gr. αρχη, beginning, or αρχος, a chief; W. erchi.]
A term used by the ancient chimists to denote the internal efficient cause of all things; the anima mundi or plastic power of the old philosophers; the power that presides over the animal economy, or the vis medicatrix; the active principle of the material world. In medicine, good health, or ancient practice. – Johnson. Encyc. Coxe.
ARCH-FEL'ON, n. [See Felon.]
A chief felon. – Milton.
ARCH-FIEND', n. [See Fiend.]
A chief fiend or foe. – Milton.
A chief flamen or priest. – Herbert.
ARCH-FLAT'TER-ER, n. [See Flatter.]
A chief flatterer. – Bacon.
ARCH-FOE', n. [See Foe.]
A grand or chief enemy. – Milton.
A chief founder. – Milton.
The chief governor. – Brewer.
ARCH-HER'E-SY, n. [See Heresy.]
The greatest heresy. – Butler.
A chief heretic. – Shak.
ARCH-HI'E-REY, n. [Gr. αρχος, chief; and ἱερος, priest.]
A chief priest in Russia. Tooke, 1:530.