Dictionary: AR-I-O-LA'TION, or HAR-I-O-LA'TION – ARK'ITE

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AR-I-O-LA'TION, or HAR-I-O-LA'TION, n. [L. ariolus or hariolus, a soothsayer.]

A soothsaying; a foretelling. – Brown.

AR-I-O'SO, a. [It. from aria, air.]

Light; airy. – It. Dict. But according to Rousseau, applied to music, it denotes a kind of melody bordering on the majestic style of a capital air. – Cyc.

A-RISE', v.i. [s as z. pret. arose; pp. arisen; pron. arize, aroze. Sax. arisan; D. ryzen; Goth. reisan. It may be allied to Ar. رَأسَ, rausa, to be the head or chief; Heb. Ch. Syr. Sam. Eth. ראש head, origin.]

  1. To ascend, mount up or move to a higher place; as, vapors arise from humid places.
  2. To emerge from below the horizon; as, the sun or a star arises or rises.
  3. To get out of bed; to leave the place or state of rest; or to leave a sitting or lying posture. The king arose early and went to the den. Dan. vi.
  4. To begin; to spring up; to originate. A persecution arose about Stephen. Acts xi.
  5. To revive from death; to leave the grave. Many bodies of saints arose. Matth. xxvii. Figuratively, to awake from a state of sin and stupidity; to repent. Arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee life. Eph. v.
  6. To begin to act; to exert power; to move from a state of inaction. Let God arise; let his enemies be scattered. Ps. lxviii.
  7. To appear, or become known; to become visible, sensible or operative. To you shall the sun of righteousness arise. Matth. iv. Till the day-star shall arise in your hearts. 2 Pet. i.
  8. To be put in motion; to swell or be agitated; as, the waves arose.
  9. To be excited or provoked; as, the wrath of the king shall arise.
  10. To emerge from poverty, depression or distress. By whom shall Jacob arise? for he is small. Amos vii.
  11. To appear in a particular character; to enter upon an office. There arose a new king who knew not Joseph. Ex. i.
  12. To begin sedition, insurrection, or mutiny; as, the men arose, or rose, upon their officers.
  13. To invade, assault, or begin hostility; followed by against. When he arose against me, I caught him by the beard. 1 Sam. xvii. In this sense, the word against really belongs to the verb, and is necessary to give it this meaning. [See Rise, another form of this verb, which has the same signification, and is more generally used in popular language.]

A-RIS'ING, ppr.

Ascending; moving upward; originating or proceeding; getting up; springing up; appearing.

A-RIST'A, n. [L.]

In botany, awn, the long pointed beard which issues from the husk, or scaly flower-cup of the grasses, called the glume. – Milne.


A severe critic. – Knowles.

AR'IS-TAR-CHY, n. [Gr. αριστος, best, and αρχη, rule.]

A body of good men in power, or government by excellent men. – Harrington.


Awned; having a pointed beard-like process; as the glumes of wheat.

AR-IS-TOC'RA-CY, n. [Gr. αριστος, best, and κρατεω, to hold or govern.]

  1. A form of government, in which the whole supreme power is vested in the principal persons of a state; or in a few men distinguished by their rank and opulence. When the supreme power is exercised by a small number, the government is called an oligarchy. The latter word, however, is usually applied to a corrupted form of aristocracy.
  2. The nobility or chief persons in a state.


One who favors an aristocracy in principle or practice; one who is a friend to an aristocratical form of government. – Burke.


  1. Pertaining to aristocracy; consisting in a government of nobles, or principal men; as, an aristocratic constitution.
  2. Partaking of aristocracy; as, an aristocratic measure; aristocratic pride or manners.


In an aristocratical manner.


The quality of being aristocratical.


Pertaining to Aristophanes. – N. A. Rev.


Pertaining to Aristotle, a celebrated philosopher, who was born at Stagyra, in Macedon, about 334 years before Christ. The Aristotelian philosophy is otherwise called peripatetic.


A follower of Aristotle, who was a disciple of Plato, and founded the sect of peripatetics. [See Peripatetic.]


The philosophy or doctrines of Aristotle.


Pertaining to Aristotle or to his philosophy. The pernicious effects of the Aristotelic system. – Schlegel, Trans.

AR'ITH-MAN-CY, n. [Gr. αριθμος, number, and μαντεια, divination.]

Divination or the foretelling of future events by the use or observation of numbers. A-RITH'ME-TIC n. [Gr. αριθμεω, to number, αριθμητικη, the art of numbering, from αριθμος, number; from ῥυθμος, number, rhythm, order, agreement.] The science of numbers, or the art of computation. The various operations of arithmetic are performed by addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.


Pertaining to arithmetic; according to the rules or method of arithmetic.


According to the rules, principles or method of arithmetic.


One skilled in arithmetic, or versed in the science of numbers.

ARK, n. [Fr. arche; L. arca; Sp. Port. It. arca, a chest or coffer; Ir. airg, airk; Sax. erc or erk; G. arche; D. arke; Ch. ארגז.]

  1. A small close vessel, chest or coffer, such as that which was the repository of the tables of the covenant among the Jews. This was about three feet nine inches in length. The lid was the propitiatory, or mercy-seat, over which were the cherubs. The vessel in which Moses was set afloat upon the Nile, was an ark of bulrushes.
  2. The large floating vessel in which Noah and his family were preserved during the deluge.
  3. A depository. Arise, O Lord, into thy rest, thou and the ark of thy strength. Ps. cxxxii.
  4. A large boat used on American rivers to transport produce to market.


Belonging to the ark. – Bryant. Faber.


A term used by Bryant to denote one of the persons who were preserved in the ark; or who, according to pagan fables, belonged to the ark.