Emily Dickinson Lexicon
Dictionary: AR-RAY'ER – AR-RIV-ING
One who arrays. In English history, an officer who had a commission of array, to put soldiers of a country in a condition for military service.
Setting in order; putting on splendid raiment; impanneling.
AR-REAR', adv. [Fr. arriere, behind. In some of its uses it has the sense of lower, inferior. (See Arriere-ban.) Sp. and Port. arriar, to lower sail; Arm. reor, revr, or refr, the fundament; W. rhevyr, id., from rhev, thick. Lunier deduces arrear and arriere from L. ad and retro. But the derivation from the Celtic seems most probably correct.]
Behind; at the hinder part. – Spenser. In this sense obsolete. But from this use, we retain the word as a noun in the phrase, in arrear, to signify behind in payment.
That which is behind in payment, or which remains unpaid, though due. It is generally used in the plural, as, the arrears of rent, wages, and taxes; and supposes a part of the money already paid.
AR-REAR-AGE, n. [arrear and the common French termination age.]
Arrears; any sum of money remaining unpaid, after previous payment of a part. A person may be in arrear for the whole amount of a debt; but arrears and arrearage imply that a part has been paid.
AR-RECT', or AR-RECT'ED, a. [L. arrectus, raised, erect, from arrigo. See Reach.]
Erect; attentive; as a person listening. – Akenside.
AR-REN-TA'TION, n. [Sp. arrendar, to rent, or take by lease; of ad and reddo, to return. See Rent.]
In the forest laws of England, a licensing the owner of land in a forest, to inclose it with a small ditch and low hedge, in consideration of a yearly rent. – Cowel.
AR-REP-TI'TIOUS, a. [L. arreptus, of ad and rapio, to snatch. See Rapacious.]
- Snatched away.
- [ad and repo, to creep. See Creep.] Crept in privily. – Johnson. Bailey.
- The taking or apprehending of a person by virtue of a warrant from authority. An arrest is made by seizing or touching the body.
- Any seizure, or taking by power, physical or moral.
- A stop, hinderance, or restraint.
- In law, an arrest of judgment is the staying or stopping of a judgment after verdict, for causes assigned. Courts have power to arrest judgment for intrinsic causes appearing upon the face of the record; as when the declaration varies from the original writ; when the verdict differs materially from the pleadings; or when the case laid in the declaration is not sufficient in point of law, to found an action upon. The motion for this purpose is called a motion in arrest of judgment. – Blackstone.
- A mangy humor between the ham and pastern of the hind legs of a horse. – Johnson.
AR-REST', v.t. [Fr. arrêter, for arrester; Sp. arrestar; It. arrestare; L. resto, to stop; W. araws, arosi, to stay, wait, dwell; Eng. to rest. See Rest.]
- To obstruct; to stop; to check or hinder motion; as, to arrest the current of a river; to arrest the senses.
- To take, seize, or apprehend by virtue of a warrant from authority; as, to arrest one for debt, or for a crime.
- To seize and fix; as, to arrest the eyes, or attention. The appearance of such a person in the world, and at such a period, ought to arrest the consideration of every thinking mind. – Buckminster.
- To hinder, or restrain; as, to arrest the course of justice.
The act of arresting; an arrest, or seizure.
Seized; apprehended; stopped; hindered; strained.
One who arrests. In Scots law, the person at whose suit an arrest is made.
Seizing; staying; hindering; restraining.
In Scots law, an arrest, or detention of a criminal, till he finds caution or surety, to stand trial. Also the order of a judge by which a debtor to the arrestor's debtor is prohibited to make payment, till the debt due to the arrestor is paid or secured.
AR-RET', n. [Contracted from arresté, Fr. arrêté, fixed.]
The decision of a court, tribunal, or council; a decree published; the edict of a sovereign prince.
To assign; to allot. [Obs.] – Spenser.
AR-RIDE', v.t. [L. arrideo.]
To laugh at; to please well. [Not in use.] – B. Jonson.
The last body of an army; now called rear, which see. Arriere-ban, or ban and arriere ban. This phrase is defined to be a general proclamation of the French kings, by which not only their immediate feudatories, but their vassals, were summoned to take the field for war. In this case, arriere is the French word signifying those who are last, or behind, and ban is proclamation. [See Ban.] Arriere-fee, or fief. A fee or fief dependent on a superior fee, or a fee held of a feudatory. Arriere vassal. The vassal of a vassal.
The edges which separate the flutings in the Doric column.
- The coming to, or reaching a place, from a distance, whether by water, as in its original sense, or by land.
- The attainment or gaining of any object, by effort, agreement, practice, or study.
- Company coming. [Not used.] – Shak.
- Arrival; a reaching in progress. [Obs.] – Brown.
AR-RIVE', v.i. [Fr. arriver; Arm. arrivont, arrivein; It. arrivare; Sp. and Port. arribar; of ad and Fr. rive, the shore, or sloping bank of a river; Sp. ribera; L. ripa; Sans. arivi. In Irish, airbhe is ribs. It appears that rib, rive, and ripa are radically one word; in like manner, costa, a rib, and coast, are radically the same.]
- Literally, to come to the shore, or bank. Hence to come to or reach in progress by water, followed by at. We arrived at Havre de Grace, July 10, 1824. N. W.
- To come to or reach by traveling on land; as, the post arrives at 7 o'clock.
- To reach a point by progressive motion; to gain or compass by effort, practice, study, inquiry, reasoning, or experiment; as, to arrive at an unusual degree of excellence or wickedness; to arrive at a conclusion.
- To happen or occur. He to whom this glorious death arrives. – Waller.
To reach. [Not in use.] – Shak.
Coming to, or reaching, by water or land; gaining by research, effort or study.