Emily Dickinson Lexicon
Dictionary: ARCH-TRAIT'OR – ARD'U-OUS
A principal traitor.
ARCH-TREAS'UR-ER, n. [See Treasure.]
The great treasurer of the German empire; a dignity claimed by the elector of Hanover. – Guthrie.
The office of archtreasurer. – Collins's Peerage.
A principal or great tyrant. – Hall.
ARCH-VIL'LAIN, n. [See Villain.]
A chief or great villain. – Shak.
Having a way by an arch.
ARCH'WISE, adv. [arch and wise. See Wise.]
In the form of an arch.
ARC-TA'TION, or ARC'TI-TUDE, n. [L. arctus, tight.]
Preternatural straightness; constipation from inflammation. – Coxe.
ARC'TIC, a. [Gr. αρκτος, a bear, and a northern constellation so called. W. arth; It. art, a bear.]
Northern; pertaining to the northern constellation, called the bear; as, the arctic pole, circle, region, or sea. The arctic circle is a lesser circle parallel to the equator, 23° 28' from the north pole. This, and the antarctic circle, are called the polar circles, and within these lie the frigid zones.
ARC-TO-E-GYP'TIAN, n. [Gr. αρκτος and Egyptian.]
- A northern Egyptian, apparently of pure Caucasian origin. – Morton.
- adj. Relating to the northern Egyptians. [Opposed to this is Austro-Egyptian, southern Egyptian, supposed to be from Ethiopia.]
ARC-TU'RUS, n. [Gr. αρκτος, a bear, and ουρα, tail.]
A fixed star of the first magnitude, in the constellation of Bootes. – Encyc.
ARC'U-ATE, a. [L. arcuatus. See Arc.]
Bent or curved in the form of a bow. – Martyn. Bacon. Ray.
- The act of bending; incurvation; the state of being bent; curvity; crookedness; great convexity of the thorax. – Coxe.
- A method of raising trees by layers; that is, by bending branches to the ground, and covering the small shoots with earth, three inches deep upon the joints; making a basin of earth to hold the water. When these have taken root, they are removed into a nursery. – Chambers. Encyc.
AR'CU-BAL-IST, n. [L. arcus, a bow, and balista, an engine for throwing stones.]
A cross-bow. Warton.
A cross-bowman; one who used the arcubalist. – Camden.
ARD, n. [suffix -ARD.]
The termination of many English words, is the Ger. art, species, kind; Sw. and Dan. art, mode, nature, genius, form; Ger. arten, to take after, resemble; Sw. arta, to form or fashion; Ger. artig, of the nature of, also comely; Dan. and Sw. artig, beautiful; D. aarden, to take after, resemble; aardig, genteel, pretty, ingenious. We observe it in Goddard, a divine temper; Giffard, a disposition to give, liberality; Bernard, filial affection; standard, drunkard, dotard, &c.
A Turkish measure, a little more than eight bushels.
AR'DEN-CY, n. [L. ardens, from ardeo, to burn.]
Warmth of passion or affection; ardor; eagerness; as, the ardency of love or zeal.
- Hot; burning; that causes a sensation of burning; as, ardent spirits, that is, distilled spirits; an ardent fever.
- Having the appearance or quality of fire; fierce; as, ardent eyes.
- Warm, applied to the passions and affections; passionate; affectionate; much engaged; zealous; as, ardent love or vows; ardent zeal.
With warmth; affectionately; passionately.
Fallowings or plowings of ground. – Grose.
ARD'OR, n. [L.]
- Heat, in a literal sense; as, the ardor of the sun's rays.
- Warmth, or heat, applied to the passions and affections; eagerness; as, he pursues study with ardor; they fought with ardor. Milton uses the word for person or spirit, bright and effulgent, but by an unusual license.
ARD'U-OUS, a. [L. arduus; Ir. ard, high; W. hardh; Ir. airdh, high, highth.]
- High, lofty, in a literal sense; as, arduous paths. – Pope.
- Difficult; attended with great labor, like the ascending of activities; as, an arduous employment, task, or enterprise.