Emily Dickinson Lexicon
Dictionary: AR-SEN'IC-ATE – AR-THRIT'IC, or AR-THRIT'IC-AL
To combine with arsenic.
Combined with arsenic.
A salt formed by the arsenous acid, with a base.
Pertaining to, or containing arsenic.
An acid composed of two equivalents of arsenic, and three of oxygen.
The vulgar name of a species of Polygonum, or knot-grass.
A Russian measure of two feet, four inches and 242 decimals. This seems to be the Chinese arschin, of which four make three yards English. – Tooke's Russia. Encyc.
AR'SIS, n. [Gr.]
Elevation or rise of voice.
AR'SON, n. [Norm. Fr. arsine, arseun; from L. ardeo, arsum, to burn.]
In law, the malicious burning of a dwelling house or outhouse of another man, which by the common law is felony. The definition of this crime is varied by statutes in different countries and states. In Connecticut, the burning not only of a dwelling house or contiguous building, but of a ship or other vessel, is declared to be arson, if human life is thereby destroyed or put to hazard.
ART, n. [L. ars, artis; probably contracted from the root of W. cerz; Ir. ceard. The radical sense is strength from stretching, straining, the primary sense of strength and power, and hence of skill. See an analogy in can.]
- The disposition or modification of things by human skill, to answer the purpose intended. In this sense art stands opposed to nature. – Bacon. Encyc.
- A system of rules, serving to facilitate the performance of certain actions; opposed to science, or to speculative principles; as, the art of building or engraving. Arts are divided into useful or mechanic, and liberal or polite. The mechanic arts are those in which the hands and body are more concerned than the mind; as, in making clothes, and utensils. These arts are called trades. The liberal or polite arts are those in which the mind or imagination is chiefly concerned; as poetry, music, and painting. In America, literature and the elegant arts must grow up side by side with the coarser plants of daily necessity. – Irving.
- Skill, dexterity, or the power of performing certain actions, acquired by experience, study or observation; as, a man has the art of managing his business to advantage.
The second person, indicative mode, present tense, of the substantive verb am; but from were, Sw. vara, Dan. værer.
Mug-wort, southern-wood, and wormwood; a genus of plants of numerous species. Of these, the Absinthium or common wormwood, is well known.
AR-TE'RI-AL, a. [See Artery.]
- Pertaining to an artery or the arteries; as, arterial action.
- Contained in an artery; as, arterial blood.
The process of making arterial. – Watts.
To communicate, as to venous blood, the qualities of arterial blood. – Prout.
AR-TE-RI-OL'O-GY, n. [Gr. αρτηρια, artery, and λογος, discourse.]
A treatise or discourse on the arteries. – Morin.
AR-TE-RI-OT'O-MY, n. [Gr. αρτηρια, an artery, and τομη, a cutting.]
The opening of an artery by the lancet, for the purpose of letting blood.
AR'TE-RY, n. [Gr. αρτηρια, from αηρ, air, and τηρεω, to preserve or contain; so called, from the opinion of the ancients, that the arteries contain or circulate air. The term was also applied to the trachea or wind-pipe, arteria aspera. In Ger. luft-adar, air-vein, is the name for artery; in Dutch, slag-ader, stroke vein; in Swed. puls-ader, pulse-vein; Dan. puls-aare, pulse-vein; that is, the beating vein.]
A cylindrical vessel or tube, which conveys the blood from the heart to all parts of the body. There are two principal arteries; the aorta, which rises from the left ventricle and ramifies through the whole body; and the pulmonary artery, which conveys the blood from the right ventricle to the lungs, to undergo respiration. An artery is composed of three coats; the outer consists of condensed cellular membrane, and is supplied with numerous blood-vessels and nerves; the middle coat consists of circular fibres, generally supposed to be muscular; the inner coat, thin, smooth, and dense, confines the blood within its canal, and facilitates its motion. – Parr. Cyc.
AR-TE'SIAN, a. [from Artois in France.]
Artesian wells are those which are made by boring into the earth, till the instrument reaches water, which, from internal pressure, flows spontaneously like a fountain.
ART'FUL, n. [See Art.]
- Performed with art or skill. – Dryden.
- Artificial, as opposed to natural. – Johnson.
- Cunning; practicing art, or stratagem; crafty; as, an artful boy. [This is the most usual sense.]
- Proceeding from art or craft; as, an artful scheme.
With art, or cunning; skillfully; dextrously.
Art; craft; cunning; address.
Pertaining to the joints, or to the gout; affecting the joints.