Emily Dickinson Lexicon
Dictionary: AP'O-PLEX-ED – A-POS'TRO-PHIC
Affected with apoplexy. – Shak.
AP'O-PLEX-Y, n. [Gr. αποπληξια, of, απο, from, and πλησσω, to strike.]
Abolition of sense and voluntary motion, from suspension of the functions of the cerebrum. Dryden, for the sake of measure, uses apoplex, for apoplexy.
AP'O-RON, or AP'O-RIME, n. [See Apory.]
A problem difficult to be resolved. – Encyc.
AP'ORY, or A-PO'RI-A, n. [Gr. απορια, from απορος, inops consilii, of α and πορος, way or passage.]
- In rhetoric, a doubting or being at a loss where to begin, or what to say, on account of the variety of matter. – Smith.
- In the medical art, febrile anxiety; uneasiness; restlessness, from obstructed perspiration, or the stoppage of any natural secretion. – Coxe.
A-POS-I-O-PE'SIS, or A-POS-I-O'PE-SY, n. [Gr. αποσιωπησις, of απο, and σιωπαω, to be silent.]
Reticency or suppression; as when a speaker for some cause, as fear, sorrow, or anger, suddenly breaks off his discourse, before it is ended; or speaks of a thing, when he makes a show as if he would say nothing on the subject; or aggravates what he pretends to conceal, by uttering a part and leaving the remainder to be understood. Smith. Johnson. Encyc.
A-POS'TA-SY, n. [Gr. αποστασις, a defection, of αφιστημι, to depart, απο, and ιστημι.]
- An abandonment of what one has professed; a total desertion, or departure from one's faith or religion.
- The desertion from a party to which one has adhered.
- Among physicians, the throwing off of exfoliated or fractured bone, or the various solution of disease. – Coxe.
- An abscess. – Encyc.
False; traitorous. – Spenser.
A-POS'TATE, n. [Gr. αποστατης.]
One who has forsaken the church, sect or profession to which he before adhered. In its original sense, applied to one who has abandoned his religion; but correctly applied also to one who abandons a political or other party.
After the manner of an apostate. – Sandys.
To abandon one's profession or church; to forsake principles or faith which one has professed; or the party to which one has been attached. – Worthington.
Abandoning a church, profession, sect or party.
AP'OS-TEM, n. [Gr. αποστημα, from αφιστημι, to go off, to recede; απο and ίστημι, to stand.]
An abscess; a swelling filled with purulent matter; written also corruptly imposthume.
To form into an abscess; to swell and fill with pus.
The formation of an apostem; the process of gathering into an abscess; written corruptly imposthumation.
Pertaining to an abscess; partaking of the nature of an apostem. Journ. of Science.
A-POS'TE-RI-O-RI, adj. [or adv. from L. posterior, after.]
Arguments a posteriori, are drawn from effects, consequences or facts; in opposition to reasoning a priori.
A-POS'TLE, n. [apos'l; L. apostolus; Gr. αποστολος, from αποστελλω, to send away, of απο, and στελλω, to send; G. stellen, to set.]
A person deputed to execute some important business; but appropriately, a disciple of Christ commissioned to preach the gospel. Twelve persons were selected by Christ for this purpose; and Judas, one of the number, proving an apostate, his place was supplied by Matthias. Acts. i. The title of apostle is applied to Christ himself, Heb. iii. In the primitive ages of the Church, other ministers were called apostles, Rom. xvi; as were persons sent to carry alms from one church to another, Philip. ii. This title was also given to persons who first planted the Christian faith. Thus Dionysius of Corinth is called the apostle of France; and the Jesuit missionaries are called apostles. Among the Jews, the title was given to officers who were sent into distant provinces, as visitors or commissioners, to see the laws observed. Apostle, in the Greek liturgy, is a book containing the epistles of St. Paul, printed in the order in which they are to be read in churches through the year. – Encyc.
The office or dignity of an apostle.
A mission; the dignity or office of an apostle. Ancient writers use it for the office of a bishop; but it is now restricted to the dignity of the pope, whose see is called the Apostolic See. – Encyc.
- Pertaining or relating to the apostles, as the apostolic age.
- According to the doctrines of the apostles; delivered or taught by the apostles; as, apostolic faith or practice. Apostolic constitutions, a collection of regulations attributed to the apostles, but generally supposed to be spurious. They appeared in the 4th century; are divided into eight books, and consist of rules and precepts relating to the duty of Christians, and particularly, to the ceremonies and discipline of the Church. Apostolic Fathers, an appellation given to the Christian writers of the first century.
In the manner of the apostles.
The quality of being apostolical, or according to the doctrines of the apostles.
Certain sects so called from their pretending to imitate the practice of the apostles, abstaining from marriage, from wine, flesh, pecuniary reward, &c., and wandering about clothed in white, with long beards, and bare heads. Sagarelli, the founder of one of these sects, was burnt at Parma in 1330. – Encyc.
A-POS'TRO-PHE, or A-POS'TRO-PHY, n. [Gr. απο, from, and στροφη, a turning.]
- In rhetoric, a diversion of speech; a digressive address; a changing the course of a speech, and addressing a person who is dead or absent, as if present; or a short address introduced into a discourse, directed to some person, different from the party to which the main discourse is directed; as when an advocate, in an argument to the jury, turns and addresses a few remarks to the court. – Encyc. Smith.
- In grammar, the contraction of a word by the omission of a letter or letters, which omission is marked by a comma, as call'd for called. The comma used for this purpose may also be called an apostrophe.
Pertaining to an apostrophe; noting the contraction of a word. – Murray.