Emily Dickinson Lexicon
Dictionary: A-CA-TER, or A-CA-TES – AC-CENT-U-A'TION
A-CA-TER, or A-CA-TES, n. [See CATERER and CATES.]
A-CA-THAR'SIA, n. [Gr.]
In surgery, the filth or sordes proceeding from a wound; impurity.
A-CAU'LOUS, a. [L. α. privative and caulis, Gr. καυλος, a stalk; W. kaul; D. kool, cabbage. See Colewort.]
In botany, without the stem called caulis; as the Carline thistle.
AC-CEDE', v.i. [L. accedo, of ad and cedo, to yield or give of place, or rather to move.]
- To agree or assent, as to a proposition, or proposed by another. Hence in a negotiation –
- To become a party, by agreeing to the terms of a treaty, or convention.
AC-CED'ING, ppr. [and a.]
Agreeing; assenting; becoming a party to a treaty by agreeing to the terms proposed.
AC-CEL'E-RATE, v.t. [L. accelero, of ad and celero, to hasten, from celer, quick; Gr. κελης; Heb. Ch. Syr. and Eth. קלל, קלה or קל, to be light, nimble; Syr. to hasten. In Ch. and Ar. this root signifies also, to be small, or minute.]
- To cause to move faster; to hasten; to quicken motion; to add to the velocity of a moving body. It implies previous motion or progression.
- To add to natural or ordinary progression; as, to accelerate the growth of a plant, or the progress of knowledge.
- To bring nearer in time; to shorten the time between the present time and a future event; as, to accelerate the ruin of a government; to accelerate a battle. – Bacon.
Quickened in motion; hastened in progress.
Hastening; increasing velocity or progression.
The act of increasing velocity or progress; the state of being quickened in motion or action. Accelerated motion in mechanics and physics, is that which continually receives accessions of velocity; as, a falling body moves towards the earth with an acceleration of velocity. It is the opposite of retardation. Acceleration of the moon, is the increase of the moon's mean motion from the sun, compared with the diurnal motion of the earth; the moon moving with more velocity now than in ancient times – a discovery made by Dr. Halley. The diurnal acceleration of the fixed stars, is the time by which they anticipate the mean diurnal revolution of the sun, which is nearly three minutes fifty-six seconds. – Cyc.
Adding to velocity; quickening progression. – Reid.
Accelerating; quickening motion.
AC-CEND', v.t. [L. accendo, to kindle; ad and candeo, caneo, to be white, canus; white; W. can, white, bright; also a song. Whence canto, to sing, to chant; cantus, a song; Eng. cant; W. canu, to bleach or whiten, and to sing; cynnud, fuel. Hence, kindle, L. candidus, candid, white. The primary sense is, to throw, dart, or thrust to shoot, as the rays of light: Hence, to cant, to throw. See Chant and Cant.]
To kindle; to set on fire. [The verb is not used.]
Capacity of being kindled, or of becoming inflamed.
Capable of being inflamed or kindled. – Ure.
The act of kindling or setting on fire; or the state of being kindled; inflammation. – Chimistry.
AC'CENT, n. [L. accentus, from ad and cano, cantum, to sing; W. canu; Corn. kana; Ir. canaim. See Accend.]
- The modulation of the voice in reading or speaking, as practiced by the ancient Greeks, which rendered their rehearsal musical. More strictly, in English,
- A particular stress or force of voice upon certain syllables of words, which distinguishes them from the others. Accent is of two kinds, primary and secondary; as in às pi rá tion. In uttering this word, we observe the first and third syllables are distinguished; the third by a full sound, which constitutes the primary accent; the first, by a degree of force in the voice which is less than that of the primary accent, but evidently greater than that which falls on the second and fourth syllables. When the full accent falls on a vowel, that vowel has its long sound, as in vo´cal; but when it falls on an articulation or consonant, the preceding vowel is short, as in hab´it. Accent alone regulates English verse.
- A mark or character used in writing to direct the stress of the voice in pronunciation. Our ancestors borrowed from the Greek language three of these characters, the acute [´], the grave [`], and the circumflex [~, or ˆ]. In the Greek, the first shown when the voice is to be raised; the second, when it is to be depressed; and the third, when the vowel is to be uttered with an undulating sound.
- A modulation of the voice expressive of passions or sentiments. The tender accents of a woman's cry. – Prior.
- Manner of speaking. A man of plain accent. [Obs.] – Shak.
- Poetically, words, language, or expressions in general. Words on your wings, to haven her accents bear, / Such words as heaven alone is it to hear. – Dryden.
- In music, a swelling of sounds, for the purpose of variety or expression. The principal accent falls on the first note in the bar, but the third place in common time requires also an accent,
- A peculiar tone or inflection of voice.
To express accent; to utter a syllable with a particular stress or modulation of the voice. In poetry, to utter or pronounce in general. Also, to note accents by marks in writing. – Locke. Wotten.
Uttered with accent; marked with accent.
Pronouncing or marking with accent.
In music, one that sings the leading part.
Pertaining to accent.
To mark or pronounce with an accent or with accents.
Marked or pronounced with an accent.
Marking or pronouncing with an accent.
The act of placing accents in writing, or of pronouncing them in speaking.