Emily Dickinson Lexicon
Dictionary: AR'BIT-RA-BLE – AR-BOR-I-ZA'TION
Arbitrary; depending on the will. – Spelman.
- Will; determination. – Milton.
- The award of arbitrators. – Cowel. In this sense, award is more generally used.
By will only; despotically; absolutely.
The quality of being arbitrary; despoticalness; tyranny. – Temple.
Arbitrary; despotic. [Not used.] – Norris. More.
Arbitrarily. [Not used.] – Glanville.
AR'BI-TRA-RY, a. [L. arbitrarius.]
- Depending on will or discretion; not governed by any fixed rules; as, an arbitrary decision; an arbitrary punishment. Arbitrary power is most easily established on the ruins of liberty abused to licentiousness. – Washington.
- Despotic; absolute in power; having no external control; as, an arbitrary prince, or government.
AR'BI-TRATE, v.i. [L. arbitror.]
To hear and decide, as arbitrators; as, to choose men to arbitrate between us.
To decide; to determine; to judge of. – Milton. Shak.
- The hearing and determination of a cause between parties in controversy, by a person or persons chosen by the parties. This may be done by one person; but it is usual to choose two or three; or for each party to choose one, and these to name a third, who is called the umpire. Their determination is called an award.
- A hearing before arbitrators, though they make no award. [This is a common use of the word in the United States.]
- A person chosen by a party, or by the parties who have a controversy, to determine their differences. The act of the parties in giving power to the arbitrators is called the submission, and this may be verbal or written. The person chosen as umpire, by two arbitrators, when the parties do not agree, is also called an arbitrator.
- An arbiter, governor, or president. – Milton.
- In a more extensive sense, an arbiter; one who has the power of deciding or prescribing without control. – Addison. Shak.
A female who arbitrates, or judges. – Sherwood.
A female arbiter.
AR'BOR, n. [The French express the sense by berceau, a cradle, an arbor, or bower; Sp. emparrado, from parra, a vine raised on stakes, and nailed to a wall. Qu. Chaucer's herber, herbewe, a lodge, coinciding with harbor, which see.]
- A frame of lattice work, covered with vines, branches of trees, or other plants, for shade; a bower.
- In botany, a tree, as distinguished from a shrub. The distinction which Linnæus makes, that a tree springs up with a bud on the stem, and a shrub not, is found not to hold universally; and the tree, in popular understanding, differs from the shrub only in size. Arbor forms the seventh family of vegetables in Linnæus's system. [See Tree.]
- In mechanics, the principal part of a machine, sustaining the rest. Also, the axis or spindle of a machine, as of a crane, or windmill. – Encyc. This in America is called the shaft.
Belonging to a tree.
One who plants or who prunes trees. – Evelyn.
Furnished with an arbor. – Pollok.
AR-BO'RE-OUS, a. [L. arboreus, from arbor.]
Belonging to a tree; resembling a tree; constituting a tree: growing on trees; as, moss is arboreous.
AR-BO-RES'CENCE, n. [L. arboresco, to grow to a tree.]
The figure of a tree; the resemblance of a tree in minerals, or crystalizations, or groups of crystals in that form.
- Resembling a tree; having the figure of a tree; dendritical. – Encyc.
- From herbaceous becoming woody. – Martyn.
A species of Asterias, called also Caput Medusæ. [See Star-fish.]
AR'BO-RET, n. [It. arboreto, from arbor, a tree.]
A small tree or shrub; a place planted or overgrown with trees. – Milton.
AR-BOR-I-CUL'TURE, n. [L. arbor and cultura.]
The art of cultivating trees and shrubs, chiefly for timber.
One who makes trees his study, or who is versed in the knowledge of trees. – Howell.
The appearance or figure of a tree or plant in minerals, or fossils. [See Herborization.]