Emily Dickinson Lexicon
Dictionary: A-THWART' – A-TONE'
In a manner to cross and perplex; crossly; wrong; wrongfully.
A-THWART', prep. [a and thwart. See Thwart.]
- Across; from side to side; transverse; as, athwart the path.
- In marine language, across the line of a ship's course, as, a fleet standing athwart our course. Athwart house, is the situation of a ship when she lies across the stem of another, whether near, or at some distance. Athwart the fore foot, is a phrase applied to the flight of a cannon ball, across another ship's course, ahead, as a signal for her to bring to. Athwart ships, reaching across the ship from side to side, or in that direction. – Mar. Dict.
A-TILT', adv. [a and tilt. See Tilt.]
- In the manner of a tilter; in the position, or with the action of a man making a thrust; as, to stand or run atilt.
- In the manner of a cask tilted, or with one end raised.
AT'I-MY, n. [Gr. ατιμια, α and τιμη, honor.]
In ancient Greece, disgrace; exclusion from office or magistracy, by some disqualifying act or decree. – Mitford.
- Pertaining to the isle Atlantis, which the ancients alledge was sunk and overwhelmed by the ocean. – Plato.
- Pertaining to Atlas; resembling Atlas.
AT-LAN'TIC, a. [from Atlas or Atlantis.]
Pertaining to that division of the ocean, which lies between Europe and Africa on the east, and America on the west.
The ocean, or that part of the ocean, which is between Europe and Africa on the east, and America on the west.
An isle mentioned by the ancients, situated west of Gades, or Cadiz, on the strait of Gibraltar. The poets mention two isles, and called them Hesperides, western isles, and Elysian fields. Authors are not agreed whether these isles were the Canaries, or some other isles, or the continent of America. – Homer. Horace.
A name given to the Pleiades or seven stars, which were feigned to be the daughters of Atlas, a king of Mauritania, or of his brother, Hesperus, who were translated to heaven. – Encyc.
A fictitious philosophical commonwealth of Lord Bacon, or the piece describing it; composed in the manner of More's Utopia, and Campanella's City of the Sun. One part of the work is finished, in which the author has described a college, founded for the study of Nature, under the name of Solomon's House. The model of a commonwealth was never executed. – Encyc.
- A collection of maps in a volume; supposed to be so called from a picture of mount Atlas, supporting the heavens, prefixed to some collection. – Johnson.
- A large square folio, resembling a volume of maps.
- The supporters of a building.
- A silk, satin, or stuff, manufactured in the East, with admirable ingenuity. Atlases are plain, striped, or flowered; but they have not the fine gloss and luster of some French silks. – Encyc.
- The first verteber of the neck. – Coxe.
- A term applied to paper, as atlas fine. – Burke.
AT-MOM'E-TER, n. [Gr. ατμος, vapor, and μετρεω, to measure.]
An instrument to measure the quantity of exhalation from a humid surface in a given time; an evaporometer. – Ure.
AT'MOS-PHERE, n. [Gr. ατμος, vapor, and σφαιρα, a sphere.]
The whole mass of fluid, consisting of air, aqueous and other vapors, surrounding the earth.
- Pertaining to the atmosphere; as, atmospheric air or vapors.
- Dependent on the atmosphere. I am an atmospheric creature. – Pope.
AT'OM, n. [Gr. ατομος; L. atomus; from α, not, and τεμνω, to cut.]
- A particle of matter so minute as to admit of no division. Atoms are conceived to be the first principles or component parts of all bodies. – Quincy.
- The ultimate or smallest component part of a body. – Chimistry.
- Any thing extremely small. – Shak.
Pertaining to atoms; consisting of atoms; extremely minute. The atomical philosophy, said to be broached by Moschus, before the Trojan war, and cultivated by Epicurus, teaches that atoms are endued with gravity and motion, by which all things were formed, without the aid of a Supreme intelligent Being. The atomic theory, in chimistry, or the doctrine of definite proportions, teaches that all chimical combinations take place between the ultimate particles or atoms of bodies, and that these unite either atom with atom, or in proportions expressed by some simple multiple of the number of atoms. – Dalton.
The doctrine of atoms.
One who holds to the atomical philosophy.
To reduce to atoms. – Baxter.
Resembling atoms. – Browne.
The doctrine of atoms. – Knowles.
A word used by Shakspeare for atom; also an abbreviation of anatomy.
AT-ONE', adv. [at and one.]
At one; together. – Spenser.
A-TONE', v.i. [Supposed to be compounded of at and one. The Spanish has adunar, to unite or join, and the Ital. adunare, to assemble; from L. ad and unus, unio. In Welsh, dyun signifies united, accordant, agreeing; dyunaw, to unite or agree; from un, one, and dy, a prefix denoting iteration.]
- To agree; to be in accordance; to accord. He and Aufidius can no more atone, / Than violentest contrariety. – Shak. [This sense is obsolete.]
- To stand as an equivalent; to make reparation, amends or satisfaction for an offense or a crime, by which reconciliation is procured between the offended and offending parties. The murderer fell, and blood atoned for blood. – Pope. By what propitiation shall I atone for my former gravity. – Rambler, No. 10. The life of a slave was deemed to be of so little value, that a very slight compensation atoned for taking it away. – Robertson, Charles V.
- To atone for, to make compensation or amends. This evil was atoned for by the good effects of the study of the practical physics of Aristotle. – Schlegel, Trans. The ministry not atoning for their former conduct by any wise or popular measure. – Junius.
- To expiate; to answer or make satisfaction for. Or each atone his guilty love with life. – Pope.
- To reduce to concord; to reconcile, as parties at variance; to appease. [Not now used.]