Dictionary: AR-TIL'LE-RY – AS-BES'TINE

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AR-TIL'LE-RY, n. [This word has no plural. Fr. artillerie; It. artiglieria; Sp. artilleria. In Fr. artilleur, artillier, is a matross; Sp. artillar, to mount cannon. In Armoric, artillery is artilhiry, and an artist is artilher. In Norm. Fr. artillery is written articlarie. The Armoric unites this word with art, artist, indicating that the primary sense is, instruments, things formed by art, or rather prepared by art, preparations.]

  1. In a general sense, offensive weapons of war. Hence it was formerly used for bows and arrows. And Jonathan gave his artillery to his lad. 1 Sam. xx. But in present usage, appropriately,
  2. Cannon; great guns; ordnance, including guns, mortars and grenades, with their furniture of carriages, balls, bombs, and shot of all kinds.
  3. In a more extended sense, the word includes powder, cartridges, matches, utensils, machines of all kinds, and horses that belong to a train of artillery.
  4. The men who manage cannon and mortars, including matrosses, gunners, bombardiers, cannoniers, or by whatever name they are called, with the officers, engineers and persons who supply the artillery with implements and materials. – Encyc.


A man who manages a large gun in firing.

ART-I-SAN, n. [s as z. Fr. from L. ars. See Art.]

An artist; one skilled in any art, mystery or trade; a handcrafts-man; a mechanic; a tradesman.

ART-IST, n. [Fr. artiste; It. artista; from L. ars. See Art.]

  1. One skilled in an art or trade; one who is master or professor of a manual art; a good workman in any trade.
  2. A skillful man; not a novice.
  3. In an academical sense, a proficient in the faculty of arts; a philosopher. – Encyc.
  4. One skilled in the fine arts; as a painter, sculptor, architect, &c.

ART-IST'IC, or ART-IST'IC-AL, a. [from artist.]

Made in the manner of an artist; conformable to art; regular.


In an artistic manner.


  1. Unskillful; wanting art, knowledge or skill. – Dryden.
  2. Free from guile, art, craft or stratagem; simple; sincere; unaffected; undesigning; as, an artless mind.
  3. Contrived without skill or art; as, an artless tale.


  1. Without art or skill; in an artless manner.
  2. Without guile; naturally; sincerely; unaffectedly. – Pope.


The quality of being void of art or guile; simplicity; sincerity; unaffectedness.

AR'TO-TY-RITE, n. [of Gr. αρτος, bread, and τυρος, cheese.]

One of a sect of heretics, in the primitive church, who celebrated the eucharist with bread and cheese, alledging that the first oblations of men were not only the fruit of the earth, but of their flocks. They admitted females to the priesthood and episcopacy. – Encyc.


A learned man. [Obs.] Shak.


Pertaining to Arundel; as Arundelian marbles. The Arundelian marbles are ancient stones, containing a chronological detail of the principal events of Greece, from Cecrops, who lived about 1582 years before Christ, to the archonship of Diognetus, before Christ 264. The engraving was done in Paros, and the chronology is called the Parian Chronicle. These stones are called Arundelian, from the Earl of Arundel, who employed William Petty to procure relics of antiquity in the East, in 1624. These, with other curiosities, were purchased, and by the Earl's grandson presented to the University of Oxford. Their antiquity and even their authenticity has been questioned. – Encyc.

AR-UN-DIN-A'CEOUS, a. [L. arundo, a reed.]

Pertaining to a reed; resembling the reed or cane.


Abounding with reeds.

A-RU'RA, n. [Gr. αρουρα.]

Literally, as authors suppose, a plowed field. According to Herodotus and Suidas, the arura of Egypt, was a piece of ground fifty feet square. Others make it a square of 100 cubits; others of 100 feet. The Grecian aroura was a square measure of half the plethron. [See Aroura.] – Encyc. Herod., Euterpe.

A-RUS'PEX, n. [L.]

A soothsayer. – Dryden.

A-RUS'PICE, n. [written also Haruspice. L. aruspex, or haruspex, a soothsayer, or diviner, who attempted to foretell events by consulting the entrails of beasts slain in sacrifice. Qu. Teut. orf, yrf; Eth. አረዊ arwe, cattle, and L. specio, to view.]

A priest, in ancient Rome, whose business was to inspect the entrails of victims, killed in sacrifice, and by them to foretell future events.


The act of prognosticating by inspection of the entrails of beasts slain in sacrifice. – Butler.

ARV-EL, n.

A funeral. Grose.

AS, adv. [az; Pers. اَسَا asa, like, similar, as; Gr. ὡς; Qu. Fr. aussi. But more probably the English word is contracted from als, G. and D. It corresponds in sense with the Persian.]

  1. Literally, like; even; similar. “Ye shall be as Gods, knowing good and evil.” “As far as we can see,” that is, like far, equally far. Hence it may be explained by in like manner; as, do as you are commanded.
  2. It was formerly used where we now use that. [Obs.] The relations are so uncertain as they require a great deal of examination. – Bacon.
  3. It was formerly used for as if. [Obs.] He lies, as he his bliss did know. – Waller.
  4. While; during; at the same time. “He trembled as he spoke.” But in most of its uses, it is resolvable into like, equal, even, or equally, in like manner. In some phrases, it must be considered a nominative word, or other words must be supplied. “Appoint to office such men as deserve public confidence.” This phrase may be elliptical for “such men as those who deserve public confidence.” As seems, in some cases, to imply the sense of proportion. “In general, men are more happy, as they are less involved in public concerns.” As, in a subsequent part of a sentence, answers to such; give us such things as you please; and in a preceding part of a sentence, has so to answer to it; as with the people, so with the priest.

AS, n. [L.]

  1. A Roman weight of 12 ounces, answering to the libra or pound.
  2. A Roman coin, originally of a pound weight; but reduced, after the first Punic war, to two ounces; in the second Punic War, to one ounce; and by the Papirian law, to half an ounce. It was originally stamped with the figure of a sheep, sow, or ox; and afterward with a Janus, on one side, and on the reverse, a rostrum or prow of a ship.
  3. An integer; a whole or single thing. Hence the English ace. Hence the Romans used the word for the whole inheritance; hæres ex asse, an heir to the whole estate. – Encyc.


a corruption of lasar, an ancient name of a gum. [See Ooze.]


the same as benzoin.

AS-A-FET'I-DA, n. [Asa, gum, and L. fœtidus, fetid.]

A fetid inspissated sap, from the East Indies. It is the concrete juice of a large umbelliferous plant, the Ferula assafetida, much used in medicine, as an antispasmodic. – Encyc.

AS-BES'TINE, a. [See Asbestus.]

Pertaining to asbestus, or partaking of its nature and qualities; incombustible.