Emily Dickinson Lexicon
Dictionary: AB-A-LIEN-A'TION – A-BAS'SI, or A-BAS'SIS
The transferring of title to property. [See Alienation.]
- One who totally forsakes or deserts. [Obs.]
- A relinquishment. [Not used.] – Kames.
A-BAN'DON, v.t. [Fr. abandonner; Sp. and Port. abandonar It. abbandonare; said to be from ban, and donner, to give over to the ban or proscription; or from a or ab and bandum, a flag or ensign.]
- To forsake entirely; as, to abandon a hopeless enterprise. Woe to that generation by which the testimony of God shall be abandoned. – Dr. Mason.
- To renounce and forsake; to leave with a view never to return; to desert as lost or desperate; as, to abandon a country; to abandon a cause or party.
- To give up or resign without control, as when a person yields himself, without restraint, to a propensity; as, to abandon one's self to intemperance. Abandoned over and abandoned of, are obsolete.
- To resign; to yield, relinquish, or give over entirely. Verus abandoned the cares of empire to his wiser colleague. – Gibbon.
- In commerce, to relinquish to insurers all claim to a ship or goods insured, as a preliminary toward recovering for a total loss. – Park.
- Wholly forsaken or deserted.
- adj. Given up, as to a vice: hence, extremely wicked, or sinning without restraint; irreclaimably wicked.
In law, one to whom any thing is abandoned.
One who abandons.
A forsaking; total desertion. He hoped his past meritorious actions might outweigh his present abandoning the thought of future actions. – Clarendon.
Forsaking or deserting wholly; renouncing; yielding one's self without restraint.
- A total desertion; a state of being forsaken.
- In commerce, the relinquishing to underwriters all the property saved from loss by shipwreck, capture, or other peril stated in the policy. This abandonment must be made before the insured can demand indemnification for a total loss. – Park.
In old law, any thing forfeited or confiscated.
The ady; a species of palm-tree. [See Ady.]
AB-AN-NI'TION, n. [Low L.]
A banishment for one or two years for manslaughter. [Not much used.] – Dict.
The perforating part of the trephine, an instrument used in trepanning. –Coxe.
A-BARE, v.t. [Sax. abarian. See Bare.]
To make bare; to uncover. [Not in use.]
AB-AR-TIC-U-LA'TION, n. [See Articulate.]
In anatomy, that species of articulation or structure of joints, which admits of manifest or extensive motion; called also diarthrosis and dearticulation. – Encyc. Coxe.
A weight in Persia used in weighing pearls, one eighth less than the European carat. – Encyc.
A-BASE', v.t. [Fr. abaisser, from bas, low, or the bottom; W. bais; Latin and Gr. basis; Eng. base; It. abbassare; Sp. baxo, low. See Abash.]
- The literal sense of abase is to lower or depress, to throw or cast down, as used by Bacon, "to abase the eye." But the word is seldom used in reference to material things.
- To cast down; to reduce low; to depress; to humble; to degrade; applied to the passions, rank, office, and condition in life. Those that walk in pride he is able to abase. Dan. iv. Whoever exalteth himself shall be abased. Mat. xxiii. Job xl. 2 Cor. xi.
Reduced to a low state, humbled, depressed. In heraldry, it is used of the wings of eagles, when the tops are turned downward toward the point of the shield; or when the wings are shut, the natural way of bearing them being spread, with the top pointing to the chief of the angle. – Bailey. Chambers.
The act of humbling or bringing low; also a state of depression, degradation, or humiliation.
A-BASH', v.t. [Heb. and Ch. בוש bosh, to be confounded, or ashamed.]
To make the spirits to fail; to cast down the countenance; to make ashamed; to confuse or confound, as by exciting suddenly a consciousness of guilt, error, inferiority, &c. They heard and were abashed. – Nitta.
Confused with shame; confounded; put to silence: followed by at.
Putting to shame or confusion.
Confusion from shame.
Humbling, depressing, bringing low.
A silver coin of Persia of the value of twenty cents, about ten pence sterling. – Encyc.