Dictionary: AB-RUPT' – AB-SIN'THI-UM

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AB-RUPT', a. [L. abruptus, from abrumpo, to break off; of ab and rumpo. See Rupture.]

  1. Literally, broken off, or broken short. Hence,
  2. Steep, craggy; applied to rocks, precipices and the like.
  3. Figuratively, sudden; without notice to prepare the mind for the event; as, an abrupt entrance or address.
  4. Unconnected; having sudden transitions from one subject to another; as, an abrupt style. – Ben Jonson.
  5. In botany, an abrupt pinnate leaf is one which has neither leaflet, nor tendril at the end. – Martyn.

AB-RUPT', n.

A chasm or gulf with steep sides. Over the vast abrupt. – Milton. [This use of the word is infrequent.]


Torn off; torn asunder.


A sudden breaking off; a violent separation of bodies. – Woodward.

AB-RUPT'LY, adv.

Suddenly; without giving notice, or without the usual forms; as, the Minister left France abruptly.


  1. A state of being broken; craggedness; steepness.
  2. Figuratively, suddenness; unceremonious haste or vehemence.

AB'SCESS, n. [L. abscessus, from ab and cedo, to go from.]

An imposthume. A collection of morbid matter, or pus in the cellular or adipose membrane; matter generated by the suppuration of an inflammatory tumor. – Quincy. Hooper.

AB-SCIND', v.t. [L. abscindo.]

To cut off. [Little used.]

AB'SCISS, or AB-SCIS'SA, n. [L. abscissus, from ab and scindo, to cut; Gr. σχιζω. See Scissors.]

In conics, a part of the diameter, or transverse axis of a conic section, intercepted between the vertex or some other fixed point, and a semiordinate. – Encyc.

AB-SCIS'SION, n. [See Absciss.]

  1. A cutting off, or a being cut off. In surgery, the separation of any corrupted or useless part of the body, by a sharp instrument; applied to the soft parts, as amputation is to the bones and flesh of a limb. – Quincy.
  2. In rhetoric, a figure of speech, when having begun to say a thing, a speaker stops abruptly, as supposing the matter sufficiently understood. Thus, “He is a man of so much honor and candor, and such generosity – but I need say no more.”

AB-SCOND', v.i. [L. abscondo, to hide, of abs and condo, to hide, i. e. to withdraw, or to thrust aside or into a corner or secret place.]

  1. To retire from public view, or from the place in which one resides or is ordinarily to be found; to withdraw, or absent one's self in a private manner; to be concealed; appropriately used of persons who secrete themselves to avoid legal process.
  2. To hide, withdraw or be concealed. The marmot absconds in winter. – Ray.


One who withdraws from public notice or conceals himself from public view.

AB-SCOND'ING, ppr. [or a.]

Withdrawing privately from public view; as, an absconding debtor, who confines himself to his apartments, or absents himself to avoid the ministers of justice. In the latter sense, it is properly an adjective.

AB'SENCE, n. [L. absens, from absum, abesse, to be away; ab and sum.]

  1. A state of being at a distance in place, or not in company. It is used to denote any distance indefinitely, either in the same town, or country, or in a foreign country; and primarily supposes a prior presence; as, speak well of one in his absence.
  2. Want; destitution; implying no previous presence. In the absence of conventional law. – Ch. Kent.
  3. In law, non-appearance; a not being in court to answer.
  4. Heedlessness; inattention to things present. Absence of mind is the attention of the mind to a subject which does not occupy the rest of the company, and which draws the mind from things or objects which are present, to others distant or foreign.


  1. Not present; not in company; at such a distance as to prevent communication. It is used also for being in a foreign country; as, a gentleman is absent on his travels. Absent from one another. – Gen. xxxi. 49.
  2. Heedless; inattentive to persons present, or to subjects of conversation in company; as, an absent man is uncivil to the company.
  3. In familiar language, not at home; as, the master of the house is absent. In other words, he does not wish to be disturbed by company.

AB-SENT', v.t.

To depart to such a distance as to prevent intercourse; to retire or withdraw; to forbear to appear in presence; used with the reciprocal pronoun; as, let a man absent himself from the company.


Retired or withdrawn.


One who withdraws from his country, office or estate; one who removes to a distant place or to another country.


Absence from duty or station.


One who absents himself.


Departing; withdrawing.


A state of being absent. – Barrow.

AB-SIN'THI-AN, a. [from absinthium.]

Of the nature of wormwood. – Randolph.


Impregnated with wormwood.

AB-SIN'THI-UM, n. [Gr. αψινθιον; Per. اَفْسِنتِْنْ afsinthin, the same in Chaldaic. Budæus in his commentaries on Theophrast, supposes the word composed of α privative and ψινθος, delight, so named from its bitterness. But it may be an Oriental word.]

The common wormwood; a bitter plant, used as a tonic. A species of Artemisia.