Dictionary: A-TON'ED – AT-TACK'

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A-TON'ED, pp.

Expiated; appeased; reconciled. – Dryden.


  1. Agreement; concord; reconciliation, after enmity or controversy. – Rom. v. He seeks to make atonement Between the Duke of Glo'ster and your brothers. – Shak.
  2. Expiation; satisfaction or reparation made by giving an equivalent for an injury, or by doing or suffering that which is received in satisfaction for an offense or injury; with for. And Moses said to Aaron, Go to the altar, and offer thy sin-offering, and thy burnt-offering, and make an atonement for thyself and for the people. – Lev. ix. When a man has been guilty of any vice, the best atonement he can make for it is, to warn others not to fall into the like. – Spect. No. 8. The Phocians behaved with so much gallantry, that they were thought to have made a sufficient atonement for their former offense. – Potter, Antiq.
  3. In theology, the expiation of sin made by the obedience and personal sufferings of Christ.

A-TON'ER, n.

He who makes atonement.

A-TON'IC, a.


A-TON'ING, ppr.

  1. Reconciling.
  2. Making amends, or satisfaction.

AT'O-NY, n. [Gr. ατονια, defect, of α privative and τονος, tone, from τεινω, to stretch.]

Debility; a want of tone; defect of muscular power; palsy. – Wilson. Coxe.

A-TOP', adv. [a and top. See Top.]

On or at the top. – Milton.

AT-RA-BIL-A'RI-AN, or AT-RA-BIL-A'RI-OUS, a. [L. atra bilis, black bile.]

Affected with melancholy, which the ancients attributed to the bile; replete with black bile.


The state of being melancholy, or affected with disordered bile.

A-TRA-MENT'AL, or A-TA-MENT'OUS, a. [L. atramentum, ink, from ater, black.]

Inky; black like ink.


Like ink; suitable for making ink. The sulphate of iron, or green copperas, is called atramentarious, as being the material of ink. – Fourcroy.

A-TRIP', adv. [a and trip. See Trip.]

In nautical language, the anchor is atrip, when drawn out of the ground in a perpendicular direction. The topsails are atrip, when they are hoisted to the top of the mast, or as high as possible. – Mar. Dict.

A-TRO'CIOUS, a. [L. atrox, trux, fierce, cruel.]

  1. Extremely hainous, criminal or cruel; enormous; outrageous; as, atrocious guilt or offense.
  2. Very grievous; violent; as, atrocious distempers. [Obs.] – Cheyne.


In an atrocious manner; with enormous cruelty or guilt.


The quality of being enormously criminal or cruel.


Enormous wickedness; extreme hainousness or cruelty; as, the atrocity of murder.

AT'RO-PHY, n. [Gr. α privative and τρεφω; to nourish.]

A consumption or wasting of the flesh, with loss of strength, without any sensible cause; a wasting from defect of nourishment. – Encyc. Coxe.

A-TROP'IN-A, n. [sometimes called A-TRO'PI-A.]

A vegetable alkaloid, extracted from the Atropa Belladonna, or deadly nightshade. It is white, brilliant, and crystalizes in long needles.

AT-TACH', v.t. [Fr. attacher, to tie or fasten, to apply, to engage, to stick; Arm. staga; It. attaccare; Norm. attacher, to attack; tache, tied, fixed, tacked together; Port. Sp. atacar. It seems to be allied to attack, and the sense is, to put, throw or fall on, hence to seize, and stop, coinciding with the Eng. take; Sw. taga; Dan. tager; Sax tæccan; Gr. δεχομαι; L. tango; for tago; Eng. tack; &c. Class Dg. See Attack and Tack.]

  1. To take by legal authority; to arrest the person by writ, to answer for a debt; applied to a taking of the person by a civil process; being never used for the arrest of a criminal. It is applied also to the taking of goods and real estate by an officer, by virtue of a writ or precept, to hold the same to satisfy a judgment to be rendered in the suit.
  2. To take, seize and lay hold on, by moral force, as by affection or interest; to win the heart; to fasten or bind by moral influence; as, attached to a friend; attaching others to us by wealth or flattery.
  3. To make to adhere; to tie, bind or fasten; as, to attach substances by any glutinous matter; to attach one thing to another by a string.


That may be legally attached; liable to be taken by writ or precept.

AT-TA-CHE', n. [attasha; Fr.]

One attached to another, as a part of his suit or attendants.


Taken by writ or precept; drawn to and fixed, or united by affection or interest.


Taking or seizing by commandment or writ; drawing to, and fixing by influence; winning the affections.


  1. A taking of the person, goods or estate by a writ or precept in a civil action, to secure a debt or demand.
  2. A writ directing the person or estate of a person to be taken, to secure his appearance before a court. In England, the first notice to appear in court is by summons; and if the defendant disobeys this monition, a writ of attachment issues, commanding the sherif to attach him, by taking gage, or security in goods, which he forfeits by non-appearance, or by making him find safe pledges or sureties for his appearance. But in trespasses, an attachment is the first process. In this country, attachment is more generally the first process, and in some states, the writ of attachment issues at first against the property or person of the defendant. In Connecticut, this writ issues against the person, goods, or land, in the first instance, commanding to take the goods and estate of the defendant, if to be found; or otherwise, to take his body. In England, witnesses not appearing upon a summons, may be taken by attachment; a process called with us a capias. Attachments also issue against persons for contempt of court. The court of attachments, in England, is held before the verderors of the forest, to attach and try offenders against vert and venison. Foreign attachment is the taking of the money or goods of a debtor in the hands of a stranger; as when the debtor is not within the jurisdiction of the court or has absconded. Any person who has goods or effects of a debtor, is considered in law as the agent, attorney, factor or trustee of the debtor; and an attachment served on such person binds the property in his hands to respond the judgment against the debtor.
  3. Close adherence or affection; fidelity; regard; any passion or affection that binds a person; as, an attachment to a friend, or to a party.

AT-TACK', n.

An onset; first invasion; a falling on, with force or violence, or with calumny, satire or criticism.