Emily Dickinson Lexicon
Dictionary: AR-PENT – AR-RAY'ED
AR-PENT, n. [Fr. arpent; Norm. arpen. In Domesday, it is written arpennus, arpendus, and arpent. Columella mentions that the arepennis was equal to half the Roman juger. The word is supposed to be corrupted from arvipendium, or aripennium, the measuring of land with a cord. Spelman. Lunier.]
A portion of land in France, ordinarily containing one hundred square rods or perches, each of 18 feet. But the arpent is different in different parts of France. The arpent of Paris contains 900 square toises. It is less than the English acre, by about one-seventh. – Spelman. Encyc. Cowel. Arthur Young.
- A distilled liquor applied to a bruise. – Chesterfield.
- The shot of an arquebuse. – Ash.
AR'QUE-BUSE, or HAR'QUE-BUSE, n. [Fr. from arquer, to make crooked, and the Teutonic bus, a pipe, a gun; D. bus, a tube, pipe, gun; Sw. bossa, a gun or cannon. Hence the word signifies a hook gun.]
A hand gun; a species of fire-arms, anciently used, which was cocked with a wheel. It carried a ball that weighed nearly two ounces. A larger kind, used in fortresses, carried a ball of three ounces and a half. – Encyc.
A soldier armed with an arquebuse.
A plant. [See Orrach.]
Contracted into rack. A spirituous liquor from the East Indies. The name is said to signify, in the East, any spirituous liquor; but that which usually bears this name is toddy, a liquor distilled from the juice of the cocoanut tree, procured by incision. Some persons alledge it to be a spirit distilled from rice or sugar, fermented with the juice of the cocoa-nut.
AR'RA-GON-ITE, n. [From Molina in Arragon, Spain.]
In mineralogy, a species of carbonate of lime, but not pure, and said to contain 3 or 4 per cent of carbonate of strontian. It differs from pure carbonate of lime, in hardness, specific gravity, crystaline structure, &c. It is harder than calcarious spar, and exhibits several varieties of structure and form. It is often crystalized, generally in hexahedral prisms or pyramids. The massive varieties have usually a fibrous structure, exhibiting various imitative forms, being sometimes coraloidal. – Haüy. Cleaveland. Stromeyer.
AR-RAIGN', n. [arra'ne.]
Arraignment; as, clerk of the arraigns. – Blackstone.
AR-RAIGN', v.t. [arra'ne. Norm. arraner, arraisoner, and aresner to put to answer, to arraign. The usual derivation of this word, from Sax. wregan, gewregan, to accuse, is probably incorrect. It appears to be of Norman origin, and if s is radical, it coincides in origin with L. reus, contracted from the root of res.]
- To call or set a prisoner at the bar of a court, to answer to the matter charged against him in an indictment or information. When called, the indictment is read to him, and he is put to plead, guilty or not guilty, and to elect by whom he will be tried. – Blackstone.
- According to law writers, to set in order; to fit for trial; as, to arraign a writ of novel disseisin. To arraign the assize, is to cause the tenant to be called to make the plaint, and set the cause in order, that the tenant may be brought to answer. – Cowel.
- To accuse; to charge with faults. Johnson. More correctly, to call before the bar of reason, or taste; to call in question, for faults, before any tribunal. They will not arraign you for want of knowledge. – Dryden.
Called before a tribunal to answer, and elect triers; accused; called in question.
One who arraigns. – Coleridge.
Calling before a court or tribunal; accusing.
AR-RAIGN'MENT, n. [Norm. arresnement, arraynement.]
- The act of arraigning; the act of calling and setting prisoner before a court to answer to an accusation, and to choose his triers.
- A calling in question for faults.
AR-RAI-MENT, n. [See Array.]
Clothes; garments. We now use raiment.
AR-RANGE', v.t. [Fr. arranger, of ad and ranger, to set in order; Arm. renega, rang, rank, a row or line. See Rank.]
- To put in proper order; to dispose the parts of a whole in the manner intended, or best suited for the purpose; as, troops arranged for battle.
- To adjust; to settle; to put in order; to prepare; a popular use of the word of very general application.
Put in order; disposed in the proper order; adjusted.
- The act of putting in proper order; the state of being put in order; disposition in suitable form.
- That which is disposed in order; system of parts disposed in due order. The interest of that portion of social arrangement is in the hands of all those who compose it. – Burke.
- Preparatory measure; previous disposition; as, we have made arrangements for receiving company.
- Final settlement; adjustment by agreement; as, the parties have made an arrangement between themselves concerning their disputes; a popular use of the word.
- Classification of facts relating to a subject, in regular, systematic order; as, the Linnæan arrangement of plants.
One that puts in order.
Putting in due order or form; adjusting.
AR'RANT, a. [I suppose this to be a different spelling of errant, which see.]
Notorious, in an ill sense; infamous; mere; vile; as, an arrant rogue or coward.
Notoriously, in an ill sense; infamously; impudently; shamefully.
AR'RAS, n. [Said to be from Arras, the capital of Artois, in the French Netherlands, where this article is manufactured.]
Tapestry; hangings wove with figures. – Shak.
AR-RAY, n. [Norm. araie, and arraer, arair, to array, settle, prepare; ray, a robe, and the array or pannel of the jury; Old Fr. arroi, a word contracted; Ir. earradh, a suit of armor, furniture, accouterments, wares; It. arredo, furniture implements, rigging; arredare, to prepare or equip; Arm. reiza, to put in order or arrange; Sp. arreo; Port. arreio, arreyo, array, dress; Port. arrear, to dress. Class Rd, and allied to rod, radius, ray. The primary sense is to make straight or right. See Dress.]
- Order; disposition in regular lines; as, an army in battle array. Hence a posture of defense.
- Dress; garments disposed in order upon the person. – Dryden.
- In law, the act of impanneling a jury; or a jury impanneled; that is, a jury set in order by the sherif, or called man by man. – Blackstone. Cowel. Commission of array, in English history, was a commission given by the prince to officers in every county, to muster and array the inhabitants; or see them in a condition for war. Blackstone.
- To place or dispose in order, as troops for battle.
- To deck or dress; to adorn with dress; it is applied especially to dress of a splendid kind. Array thyself with glory. – Job xl. Pharaoh arrayed Joseph with fine linen. – Gen. xli.
- To set a jury in order for the trial of a cause; that is, to call them man by man. – Blackstone. Cowel.
- To envelop. In gelid caves with horrid glooms arrayed. – Trumbull.
Set in order, or in lines; arranged in order for attack or defense; dressed; adorned by dress; impanneled, as a jury; enveloped.